Pharmacists are increasingly becoming involved in antibiotic surveillance, including e-surveillance methods; formulation of antibiotic-use policies; and day-to-day control of problematic antibiotic use.
The new WHO guidelines restricts antibiotic use in animals for purposes of growth promotion as well as avoidance of use for disease prevention.
Use of prophylactic antimicrobial therapy was not associated with a reduction in mortality or transfer to critical care compared with patients managed with supportive care only.
Findings from the study did not provide evidence that antibiotic mixing, compared with antibiotic cycling with 6-week cycling periods reduced the prevalence of carriage with antibiotic-resistant, Gram-negative bacteria in the ICU.
MRSA nares screening can be a stewardship tool to streamline empiric antibiotic therapy among those not nares colonized with MRSA.
Investigators identified patient, provider, and practice characteristics associated with antibiotic prescribing in an attempt to determine factors contributing to inappropriate antimicrobial use.
Although most patients would choose surgical intervention for treatment of acute uncomplicated appendicitis, some would opt for antibiotics alone.
Readmissions for CDI occurred close to hospital discharge, consistent with the CDC's surveillance study findings.
Oral antibiotics combined with mechanical bowel preparation should be considered for all patients undergoing left-sided colorectal cancer resections.
The adult population is a key target of antibiotic stewardship efforts for acute bronchitis, since over half of unnecessary prescribing for bronchitis occurs in adult patients.
Identification of premature infants at low risk of early onset sepsis may help guide decisions for initiating and/or discontinuing empirical antibiotic treatments in the first days of life.
Optimizing outcomes with an antibiotic stewardship programs requires a team approach that involves point-of-care providers.
Inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics is a contributing factor in antibiotic resistance.
Hear from experts on when to prescribe short course antibiotic therapy in pediatric populations for a variety of common infections.
Implementation of a procalcitonin diagnostic algorithm improves diagnostic yield and reduces hospital length of stay in bacterial pneumonia.
A "hard stop" requiring providers to think critically about C difficile testing in the presence of laxative use or absence of documented diarrhea strengthened CDI testing stewardship.
Looking for a way to reduce inappropriate antibiotic use for adults with acute sore throats, researchers evaluated whether as single dose of oral corticosteriod can effectively reduce likelihood of symptom resolution.
An expert interview on recent developments in molecular point-of-care and near-patient testing for infectious diseases.
Although published guidelines recommend amoxicillin in most children with community-acquired pneumonia, due to nonclinical factors, macrolides and broad-spectrum antibiotics continue to be prescribed.
A study finds the use of early-onset sepsis calculator can decrease the number of infants receiving a sepsis work-up and prophylactic antibiotics.
The World Health Organization has developed a global priority list of pathogens for the research and development of new antibiotics.
Test uses procalcitonin as a biomarker to help make antibiotic management decisions in patients with lower respiratory tract infections and sepsis.
The outbreak of Clostridium difficile in England that began in 2006 was curbed by reducing the use of fluoroquinolones, according to a study.
Interventions used to help physicians prescribe antibiotics properly were effective at raising compliance with antibiotic policy and decreasing the duration of treatment, according to a Cochrane review.
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) causes roughly 9300 infections each year.
More effective antimicrobial treatments are needed to reduce adverse events burden for patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).
A virtual simulation allows clinicians to role play to improve clinician-patient communication.
Children on 5-day regimen had more treatment failures, less reduction in symptoms.
Microbiology labs play an important role in antimicrobial stewardship and resistance monitoring, but are underused.
Systemwide implementation of hospital stewardship programs reduced inappropriate use and cost of antibiotics.
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