Antibiotic Stewardship

Pharmacists Play Role in Cutting Hospital-Acquired Infections

Pharmacists Play Role in Cutting Hospital-Acquired Infections

Pharmacists are increasingly becoming involved in antibiotic surveillance, including e-surveillance methods; formulation of antibiotic-use policies; and day-to-day control of problematic antibiotic use.

Combating Medically Important Antibiotic Use in Food-Producing Animals

Combating Medically Important Antibiotic Use in Food-Producing Animals

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The new WHO guidelines restricts antibiotic use in animals for purposes of growth promotion as well as avoidance of use for disease prevention.

No Benefit From Prophylactic Antimicrobials in Aspiration Pneumonitis

No Benefit From Prophylactic Antimicrobials in Aspiration Pneumonitis

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Use of prophylactic antimicrobial therapy was not associated with a reduction in mortality or transfer to critical care compared with patients managed with supportive care only.

Antibiotic Rotation in ICU Does Not Reduce Prevalence of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria

Antibiotic Rotation in ICU Does Not Reduce Prevalence of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria

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Findings from the study did not provide evidence that antibiotic mixing, compared with antibiotic cycling with 6-week cycling periods reduced the prevalence of carriage with antibiotic-resistant, Gram-negative bacteria in the ICU.

Antibiotic Stewardship: Role of MRSA Nasal Screening

Antibiotic Stewardship: Role of MRSA Nasal Screening

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MRSA nares screening can be a stewardship tool to streamline empiric antibiotic therapy among those not nares colonized with MRSA.

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

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Investigators identified patient, provider, and practice characteristics associated with antibiotic prescribing in an attempt to determine factors contributing to inappropriate antimicrobial use.

How Often Do Patients Select Antibiotics Over Surgery for Acute Appendicitis?

How Often Do Patients Select Antibiotics Over Surgery for Acute Appendicitis?

Although most patients would choose surgical intervention for treatment of acute uncomplicated appendicitis, some would opt for antibiotics alone.

Prolonged Antibiotic Prophylaxis May Increase CDI Risk After Cardiac Surgery

Prolonged Antibiotic Prophylaxis May Increase CDI Risk After Cardiac Surgery

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Readmissions for CDI occurred close to hospital discharge, consistent with the CDC's surveillance study findings.

Antibiotics, Mechanical Bowel Preparation Associated With Reduced SSIs

Antibiotics, Mechanical Bowel Preparation Associated With Reduced SSIs

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Oral antibiotics combined with mechanical bowel preparation should be considered for all patients undergoing left-sided colorectal cancer resections.

Inappropriate Antibiotic Use for Acute Bronchitis Highest in Younger Adults

Inappropriate Antibiotic Use for Acute Bronchitis Highest in Younger Adults

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The adult population is a key target of antibiotic stewardship efforts for acute bronchitis, since over half of unnecessary prescribing for bronchitis occurs in adult patients.

Factors Associated With Lower Risk for Early-Onset Sepsis in Premature Infants

Factors Associated With Lower Risk for Early-Onset Sepsis in Premature Infants

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Identification of premature infants at low risk of early onset sepsis may help guide decisions for initiating and/or discontinuing empirical antibiotic treatments in the first days of life.

Are Antibiotic Stewardship Programs the Antidote to Antibiotic Overuse?

Are Antibiotic Stewardship Programs the Antidote to Antibiotic Overuse?

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Optimizing outcomes with an antibiotic stewardship programs requires a team approach that involves point-of-care providers.

Long-Term Behavioral Interventions on Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Long-Term Behavioral Interventions on Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

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Inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics is a contributing factor in antibiotic resistance.

Pediatric Outpatient Antimicrobial Stewardship: Minimizing Antibiotic Duration

Pediatric Outpatient Antimicrobial Stewardship: Minimizing Antibiotic Duration

Hear from experts on when to prescribe short course antibiotic therapy in pediatric populations for a variety of common infections.

Efficacy of Procalcitonin-Guided Antimicrobial Stewardship Initiative for Diagnosing Pneumonia

Efficacy of Procalcitonin-Guided Antimicrobial Stewardship Initiative for Diagnosing Pneumonia

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Implementation of a procalcitonin diagnostic algorithm improves diagnostic yield and reduces hospital length of stay in bacterial pneumonia.

"Hard Stop" Alert May Reduce <i>C difficile</i> Orders for Laxative-Taking Patients

"Hard Stop" Alert May Reduce C difficile Orders for Laxative-Taking Patients

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A "hard stop" requiring providers to think critically about C difficile testing in the presence of laxative use or absence of documented diarrhea strengthened CDI testing stewardship.

Dexamethasone Reduces Need for Antibiotics in Adults With Sore Throat

Dexamethasone Reduces Need for Antibiotics in Adults With Sore Throat

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Looking for a way to reduce inappropriate antibiotic use for adults with acute sore throats, researchers evaluated whether as single dose of oral corticosteriod can effectively reduce likelihood of symptom resolution.

Advances in Point-of-Care Testing and Tips for Clinicians

Advances in Point-of-Care Testing and Tips for Clinicians

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An expert interview on recent developments in molecular point-of-care and near-patient testing for infectious diseases.

Antibiotic Prescribing Habits Vary Widely Across Practices in Children With CAP

Antibiotic Prescribing Habits Vary Widely Across Practices in Children With CAP

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Although published guidelines recommend amoxicillin in most children with community-acquired pneumonia, due to nonclinical factors, macrolides and broad-spectrum antibiotics continue to be prescribed.

Reducing Antibiotic Use in Infants With Use of Sepsis Risk Calculator

Reducing Antibiotic Use in Infants With Use of Sepsis Risk Calculator

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A study finds the use of early-onset sepsis calculator can decrease the number of infants receiving a sepsis work-up and prophylactic antibiotics.

WHO Prioritizes Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria on Pathogens List

WHO Prioritizes Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria on Pathogens List

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The World Health Organization has developed a global priority list of pathogens for the research and development of new antibiotics.

FDA Approves Procalcitonin Biomarker Test to Aid Antibiotic Decision Making

FDA Approves Procalcitonin Biomarker Test to Aid Antibiotic Decision Making

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Test uses procalcitonin as a biomarker to help make antibiotic management decisions in patients with lower respiratory tract infections and sepsis.

Restricting Fluoroquinolone Use Helped With CDI Decline in England

Restricting Fluoroquinolone Use Helped With CDI Decline in England

The outbreak of Clostridium difficile in England that began in 2006 was curbed by reducing the use of fluoroquinolones, according to a study.

Efficacy of Antibiotic Prescribing Interventions in Hospitals Assessed

Efficacy of Antibiotic Prescribing Interventions in Hospitals Assessed

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Interventions used to help physicians prescribe antibiotics properly were effective at raising compliance with antibiotic policy and decreasing the duration of treatment, according to a Cochrane review.

Carbapenem-Resistant <i>Enterobacteriaceae</i> Widespread in US Hospitals

Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Widespread in US Hospitals

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) causes roughly 9300 infections each year.

Antimicrobial Options Assessed for Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Antimicrobial Options Assessed for Community-Acquired Pneumonia

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More effective antimicrobial treatments are needed to reduce adverse events burden for patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

Clinicians Reduce Antibiotic Overuse Using Simulation Tool

Clinicians Reduce Antibiotic Overuse Using Simulation Tool

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A virtual simulation allows clinicians to role play to improve clinician-patient communication.

Duration of Antibiotic Use in Acute Otitis Media

Duration of Antibiotic Use in Acute Otitis Media

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Children on 5-day regimen had more treatment failures, less reduction in symptoms.

Microbiology Labs Play an Important Role in Antimicrobial Stewardship

Microbiology Labs Play an Important Role in Antimicrobial Stewardship

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Microbiology labs play an important role in antimicrobial stewardship and resistance monitoring, but are underused.

Systemwide Hospital Stewardship Reduces Misuse, Cost of Antibiotics

Systemwide Hospital Stewardship Reduces Misuse, Cost of Antibiotics

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Systemwide implementation of hospital stewardship programs reduced inappropriate use and cost of antibiotics.

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