Cardiovascular Disease

Bilirubin Levels May Be Predictive of Cardiovascular Disease in HIV

Bilirubin Levels May Be Predictive of Cardiovascular Disease in HIV

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Bilirubin appeared to be inversely associated with cardiovascular disease in individuals with HIV enrolled in the Veterans Aging Cohort Study.

Increased Risk for Abdominal Obesity Found in People Living With HIV

Increased Risk for Abdominal Obesity Found in People Living With HIV

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The Copenhagen Co-morbidity in HIV Infection (COCOMO) study assessed the association between risk factors for cardiovascular disease and HIV infection.

Influenza Vaccination May Reduce Mortality Risk in Heart Failure

Influenza Vaccination May Reduce Mortality Risk in Heart Failure

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A meta-analysis sought to determine the effect of influenza vaccination on cardiac-related mortality in patients with heart failure.

Pneumonia: Inflammation Linked to Cardiovascular Complications

Pneumonia: Inflammation Linked to Cardiovascular Complications

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Community-acquired pneumonia and other acute infections can cause or exacerbate cardiovascular complications.

Myopericarditis Risk in Adults Following Live Viral Vaccination Rare

Myopericarditis Risk in Adults Following Live Viral Vaccination Rare

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Findings confirm that cardiovascular complications related to commonly-administered, live viral vaccination are rare in adults.

Hepatitis C Eradication With DAAs Improves Carotid Atherosclerosis

Hepatitis C Eradication With DAAs Improves Carotid Atherosclerosis

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HCV eradication by DAA improves carotid atherosclerosis in patients with advanced fibrosis and compensated cirrhosis.

ARDS Risk High After Cardiac Surgery During Influenza Season

ARDS Risk High After Cardiac Surgery During Influenza Season

Undergoing cardiac surgery during the influenza season is associated with increased risk of ARDS.

FDA: Clarithromycin May Increase Long-Term Risk for Heart Problems, Death

FDA: Clarithromycin May Increase Long-Term Risk for Heart Problems, Death

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The recommendation was made after the FDA reviewed the results of a 10-year follow-up of the CLARICOR trial, which investigated the effects of clarithromycin in patients with stable coronary heart disease.

Viral respiratory infections associated with increased risk of acute myocardial infarction

In a self-controlled case series, patients were observed to have increased incidence of hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction within 7 days of respiratory virus detection.

Low Adherence to Guidelines for Cardiovascular Care in HIV

Low Adherence to Guidelines for Cardiovascular Care in HIV

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A new study sought to qualify the adherence to evidence-based cardiovascular care guidelines for patients living with HIV.

Pulmonary Artery Systolic Pressure Higher in HIV-Infected Individuals

Pulmonary Artery Systolic Pressure Higher in HIV-Infected Individuals

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HIV-infected people with unsuppressed HIV virus or low CD4 cell counts had a higher prevalence of increased pulmonary artery systolic pressure than uninfected people.

Carotid Plaque, Risk of Vascular Disease Events Higher in HIV

Carotid Plaque, Risk of Vascular Disease Events Higher in HIV

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Findings show that HIV status was associated with an increased rate of incidental carotid plaque, noncalcified plaque, and high-risk plaque.

Abacavir ART Does Not Increase Risk for Myocardial Infarction or CVD

Abacavir ART Does Not Increase Risk for Myocardial Infarction or CVD

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Abacavir-containing antiretroviral therapy does not appear to confer an increased risk for myocardial infarction or coronary artery disease.

Do Traditional Risk Factors for CVD Play Larger Role in HIV-Positive Premenopausal Women?

Do Traditional Risk Factors for CVD Play Larger Role in HIV-Positive Premenopausal Women?

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Traditional risk factors may incur a higher risk for CVD in HIV-positive premenopausal women than HIV infection itself.

Increased CVD Risk Persists for Years After Treatment for Sepsis or Pneumonia

Increased CVD Risk Persists for Years After Treatment for Sepsis or Pneumonia

Cardiovascular disease risks persist for years after sepsis or pneumonia.

Hepatitis C Virus Infection and Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Hepatitis C Virus Infection and Cardiovascular Disease Risk

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Epidemiological data demonstrate a link between HCV infection and cardiovascular disease, whereas treatment studies suggest viral eradication may lower the risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

Predicting Cardiovascular Outcomes in Liver Transplant Candidates

Predicting Cardiovascular Outcomes in Liver Transplant Candidates

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Dobutamine stress perfusion echocardiography can detect microvascular perfusion abnormalities that predict cardiovascular outcomes in candidates for liver transplantation.

Respiratory Infections May Trigger Acute Myocardial Infarction

Respiratory Infections May Trigger Acute Myocardial Infarction

Risk of acute myocardial infarction is 17 times higher after respiratory infection.

Pitavastatin Lowers Cholesterol More Effectively Than Pravastatin in HIV

Pitavastatin Lowers Cholesterol More Effectively Than Pravastatin in HIV

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Pitavastatin reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol to a greater extent than pravastatin with a similar safety profile in patients with HIV and dyslipidemia.

Does Use of Azithromycin Increase Risk of Ventricular Arrhythmia?

Does Use of Azithromycin Increase Risk of Ventricular Arrhythmia?

Patients who took azithromycin weren't any more likely to develop ventricular arrhythmia than those taking amoxicillin.

Impact of HIV Infection and ART on Evolving Risks of Heart Failure

Impact of HIV Infection and ART on Evolving Risks of Heart Failure

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HIV poses higher risks of heart failure even at younger ages of infection, and 25% of all new cases in the United States occur in people between age 13 and 24.

No Difference in Warfarin Dosing in HIV Patients With Venous Thrombosis

No Difference in Warfarin Dosing in HIV Patients With Venous Thrombosis

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No difference in warfarin requirements seen in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients with venous thrombosis.

Statin Use Low in Patients With HIV

Statin Use Low in Patients With HIV

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Statin use was more common among older patients, men, those with CHD, hypertension, diabetes, and patients taking NRTIs and protease inhibitors.

High Cardiac Troponin Levels Predict Mortality in CAP

High Cardiac Troponin Levels Predict Mortality in CAP

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Elevated cardiac troponin levels were highly predictive of both in-hospital and long-term mortality in patients admitted for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

Cardiovascular Disease in Persons With HIV Infection

Cardiovascular Disease in Persons With HIV Infection

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Persons living with HIV infection have a higher risk for cardiovascular disease; use of some antiretroviral agents can exacerbate this risk.

Reducing CVD Risk Using a Vaccine-Based Approach

Reducing CVD Risk Using a Vaccine-Based Approach

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In preclinical animal studies, vaccination against PSCK9 lowered serum lipids and vaccination against ApoC3 lowered serum triglyceride levels.

Pacemaker Increases Infective Endocarditis Risk in Aortic Valve Replacement

Pacemaker Increases Infective Endocarditis Risk in Aortic Valve Replacement

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Researchers looked at the role of concomitant pacemaker presence and the risk of infective endocarditis in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement.

New Evidence Links Zika Virus With Heart Problems in Adults

New Evidence Links Zika Virus With Heart Problems in Adults

Two-thirds of Venezuelan Zika patients showed evidence of heart failure after contracting the virus.

New Study Links Darunavir to Increased Risk for CVD

New Study Links Darunavir to Increased Risk for CVD

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Study looking at the use of 2 frequently used protease inhibitors (atazanavir and darunavir) is suggesting that cumulative use of darunavir may be independently associated with a small but gradually increasing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk.

Confronting Coronary Heart Disease in HIV/AIDS

Confronting Coronary Heart Disease in HIV/AIDS

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A review of coronary heart disease in patients with HIV.

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