Diagnostics

Point-of-Care Testing of HIV-Exposed Infants Improves Linkage to Care

Point-of-Care Testing of HIV-Exposed Infants Improves Linkage to Care

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Point-of-care testing of HIV-exposed infants at birth yielded results comparable to the standard of care laboratory-based testing and reduced time to result and time to antiretroviral therapy initiation.

Better Diagnostics Needed for Milder HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders

Better Diagnostics Needed for Milder HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders

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In order to assess and manage milder forms of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders, effective cognitive screening instruments are needed.

Eye Abnormalities May Be First Sign of Congenital Zika Virus Infection

Eye Abnormalities May Be First Sign of Congenital Zika Virus Infection

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Infants exposed to the Zika virus in utero should have their eyes examined for possible virus-related abnormalities.

CMV Infection in Mothers and Infants: Diagnostic and Treatment Challenges

CMV Infection in Mothers and Infants: Diagnostic and Treatment Challenges

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Cytomeglovirus infection is associated with a range of diagnostic and treatment challenges and a relatively high transmission rate from the mother to the fetus.

Diagnosing Rhinosinusitis Using Clinical Decision Rules

Diagnosing Rhinosinusitis Using Clinical Decision Rules

Clinical decision rules can be used to diagnose acute rhinosinusitis and acute bacterial rhinosinusitis.

Increased Incidence of Chlamydia Due to Changes in Cancer Screening Guidelines

Increased Incidence of Chlamydia Due to Changes in Cancer Screening Guidelines

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Recent cervical cancer screening guideline changes in Canada were associated with reduced chlamydia testing and reported new cases of chlamydia in women.

New Criteria Needed For Infection Diagnosis Among Elderly in ER

New Criteria Needed For Infection Diagnosis Among Elderly in ER

A study published in the Journal of American Geriatrics Society calls for a new criteria for diagnosing infection among elderly in the emergency department.

Can Testing Placental Tissue Confirm Zika Infection?

Can Testing Placental Tissue Confirm Zika Infection?

Zika infection can be ruled out or confirmed by testing fetal and placental tissue according to a study published in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Point-of-Care Test for Active Hepatitis C Virus Infection

Point-of-Care Test for Active Hepatitis C Virus Infection

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Point-of-care test was found to have high sensitivity and specificity for detecting HCV RNA in both capillary whole-blood samples collected by finger stick and in plasma samples collected by venipuncture.

Sepsis-Related Mortality Decreased With Rapid Implementation of Protocol

Sepsis-Related Mortality Decreased With Rapid Implementation of Protocol

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Rapid treatment of sepsis using mandated care bundles improves outcomes.

Advances in Point-of-Care Testing and Tips for Clinicians

Advances in Point-of-Care Testing and Tips for Clinicians

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An expert interview on recent developments in molecular point-of-care and near-patient testing for infectious diseases.

New Assay Targets Susceptibility to Ciprofloxacin in Gonorrhea

New Assay Targets Susceptibility to Ciprofloxacin in Gonorrhea

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In an effort to combat extensive drug-resistance in gonorrhea, a new assay identifies patients who may still have a response to an older, less reliable therapy.

Designer Protein Halts Influenza Virus From Infecting Cells

Designer Protein Halts Influenza Virus From Infecting Cells

A designer protein stopped the influenza virus from infecting cells in culture and protected mice after being exposed to heavy doses of the virus, according to a new study.

OpenArray PCR Platform Can Be Adapted to Discriminate Emerging Pathogens

OpenArray PCR Platform Can Be Adapted to Discriminate Emerging Pathogens

The OpenArray polymerase chain reaction platform can detect and discriminate agents in plasma and blood samples.

New Technique for Urine Culture Improves Pathogen Detection in UTI

New Technique for Urine Culture Improves Pathogen Detection in UTI

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A new enhanced technique for urine culture detects over twice as many pathogens as standard urine culture in women with symptoms of urinary tract infection.

Novel RNA Virus Detected With Next-Generation Metagenomic Sequencing

Novel RNA Virus Detected With Next-Generation Metagenomic Sequencing

Next-generation metagenomic sequencing can detect a new RNA virus, human hepegivirus-1.

New Rapid, Low-Cost Test for Zika Virus Surveillance

New Rapid, Low-Cost Test for Zika Virus Surveillance

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A new rapid, low-cost test may enable on-site detection of Zika virus in mosquitoes and human blood and semen, allowing for more efficient disease surveillance and diagnosis.

WHO: Trained Lay Providers Can Perform HIV Rapid Diagnostic Testing

WHO: Trained Lay Providers Can Perform HIV Rapid Diagnostic Testing

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A World Health Organization expert panel recommended lay health care workers be allowed to conduct HIV testing services using rapid diagnostic tests.

Can Bone Ultrasonography Accurately Detect HIV-induced Osteoporosis?

Can Bone Ultrasonography Accurately Detect HIV-induced Osteoporosis?

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Researchers assessed whether bone ultrasonography parameters were altered with a tenofovir treatment regimen compared to other antiretroviral drugs.

Detecting TB With Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

Detecting TB With Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

Deep learning with deep convolutional neural networks can accurately detect tuberculosis on chest radiographs.

Diagnosing Pneumonia: Ultrasound More Accurate Than Radiology

Diagnosing Pneumonia: Ultrasound More Accurate Than Radiology

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Point of care lung ultrasound is an accurate tool for the diagnosis of pneumonia.

Reducing Antibiotic Use in Infants With Use of Sepsis Risk Calculator

Reducing Antibiotic Use in Infants With Use of Sepsis Risk Calculator

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A study finds the use of early-onset sepsis calculator can decrease the number of infants receiving a sepsis work-up and prophylactic antibiotics.

Low Rates of HCV Testing Seen in Baby Boomers

Low Rates of HCV Testing Seen in Baby Boomers

Of 76.2 million baby boomers in the US in 2015, only 10.5 million had been tested for hepatitis C, according to new research.

FDA Allows Marketing of Automated Antibiotic Sensitivity Test for Bacteremia

FDA Allows Marketing of Automated Antibiotic Sensitivity Test for Bacteremia

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The US FDA is now allowing marketing of new automated test to identify organisms that cause bacermia and provide antibiotic sensitivity results.

Two DC Women Found to Be Negative for Zika Due to Flawed Testing

Two DC Women Found to Be Negative for Zika Due to Flawed Testing

All 409 specimens that tested negative between July and December will be retested by the CDC.

Study Supports Current Prevention Interventions for Zika Exposure

Study Supports Current Prevention Interventions for Zika Exposure

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The current sexual prevention guidelines recommend that men use condoms or abstain from sex for 6 months after Zika virus exposure. Now there are strong data to support these guidelines.

First HBV Quantitative Test to Assess Antiviral Therapy Response

First HBV Quantitative Test to Assess Antiviral Therapy Response

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The new HBV test service from Quest Diagnostics measures the quantity of viral antigen to determine if the immune system is responding to treatment.

Screening Tools Ineffective in Diagnosing Chikungunya in the Elderly

Screening Tools Ineffective in Diagnosing Chikungunya in the Elderly

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Chikungunya outbreaks have been associated with higher mortality rates than originally thought, mostly in the elderly and individuals with underlying conditions.

Lung Ultrasonography is Fast and Accurate for Diagnosing Pneumonia

Lung Ultrasonography is Fast and Accurate for Diagnosing Pneumonia

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Lung ultrasonography is a rapid, effective alternative to CT scans and chest radiographs for diagnosing pneumonia in the ED and ICU.

HPV16 DNA Reliable in Diagnosing HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

HPV16 DNA Reliable in Diagnosing HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

HPV16 DNA detected in fine-needle aspirations from neck masses is a reliable indicator for diagnosis of an HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer.

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