Emerging Diseases

Threat of Zika Virus Still Significant in California

Threat of Zika Virus Still Significant in California

By

Since 2015, California has seen many travel-related Zika virus cases, and as the population of mosquitos that spread the virus continue to expand across the state, there is a significant risk for new Zika cases.

CDC: Greater Awareness of Valley Fever Needed Nationally

CDC: Greater Awareness of Valley Fever Needed Nationally

Greater nationwide awareness of the fungal infection Valley fever is needed.

Congo Approves Four More Experimental Ebola Therapies

Congo Approves Four More Experimental Ebola Therapies

Four more experimental treatments for Ebola virus have been approved by the Congo health ministry for use in an outbreak of the deadly infectious disease in the country's northeast.

Vaccinations Begin in Congo Ebola Outbreak

Vaccinations Begin in Congo Ebola Outbreak

First to be vaccinated will be health workers, contacts of confirmed Ebola patients

Neurodevelopmental Anomalies, Birth Defects Linked to Zika ID'd

Neurodevelopmental Anomalies, Birth Defects Linked to Zika ID'd

Many children of mothers with evidence of confirmed or possible Zika virus infection during pregnancy do not undergo all recommended evaluations.

Thirteen Confirmed Ebola Cases in Latest Congo Outbreak

Thirteen Confirmed Ebola Cases in Latest Congo Outbreak

The number of confirmed cases in a new Ebola outbreak in Congo has reached 13, including three deaths.

New Ebola Outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo

New Ebola Outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Just a week after being declared Ebola-free, the DRC said that a new outbreak of the deadly virus has killed at least 20 people.

Fidaxomicin Effective for Long-Term Cure of <i>Clostridium difficile</i>

Fidaxomicin Effective for Long-Term Cure of Clostridium difficile

By

Fidaxomicin demonstrated the strongest evidence for being the most effective treatment in providing a long-term cure for C difficile infection.

FDA: <i>Vibrio parahaemolyticus</i> Illnesses Tied to Fresh Crab Meat From Venezuela

FDA: Vibrio parahaemolyticus Illnesses Tied to Fresh Crab Meat From Venezuela

There have been 12 reported cases of people in the United States becoming sick after eating fresh crab meat from Venezuela.

Clinicians Warn That Zika Virus May Still Be an Area of Concern for Travelers

Clinicians Warn That Zika Virus May Still Be an Area of Concern for Travelers

By

Infectious disease experts from Emory University School of Medicine recommend that patients contemplating travel to Zika-affected areas consult with their care providers regarding travel plans and potential Zika virus testing.

High Rates of <i>Salmonella</i> Contamination Identified in Kratom

High Rates of Salmonella Contamination Identified in Kratom

High rates of Salmonella contamination have been identified in kratom products collected and tested since February 2018.

Individual Blood Donations No Longer Require Testing for Zika Virus

Individual Blood Donations No Longer Require Testing for Zika Virus

Individual blood donations will no longer need to be tested for the Zika virus.

First Pediatric Outbreak of <i>Mycobacterium abscessus</i> Hand and Foot Disease in the United States

First Pediatric Outbreak of Mycobacterium abscessus Hand and Foot Disease in the United States

By

Immunocompetent children acquired Mycobacterium abscessus cutaneous infections after exposure to the pathogen in a wading pool.

Fever, Rash, Conjunctival Hyperemia Common Symptoms of Pediatric Zika Virus Infection

Fever, Rash, Conjunctival Hyperemia Common Symptoms of Pediatric Zika Virus Infection

By

Symptomatic pediatric patients infected with Zika virus generally have a mild, often nonspecific symptoms not requiring hospitalization.

Fever, Rash, Erythema Seen in Most Puerto Rican Kids Infected With Zika Virus

Fever, Rash, Erythema Seen in Most Puerto Rican Kids Infected With Zika Virus

Most children with Zika virus (ZIKV) infection have fever, rash, and facial or neck erythema.

Platform Manufacturing May Speed Pandemic Vaccine Development

Platform Manufacturing May Speed Pandemic Vaccine Development

By

With the advent of platform manufacturing technology, vaccines can be developed quickly to stop the spread of outbreaks.

Single-Dose Ebola Vaccine Durable for 1 to 2 Years

Single-Dose Ebola Vaccine Durable for 1 to 2 Years

By

Study provides new data on the durability of the humoral immune response up to 2 years after single-dose injection with rVSV-ZEBOV vaccine in a population of primarily European ancestry, and additional data on durability at 1 year after vaccination in 2 African populations.

Zika Virus RNA Often Identified in Semen of Men With Symptomatic Infection

Zika Virus RNA Often Identified in Semen of Men With Symptomatic Infection

Zika virus RNA is frequently present in the semen of men with symptomatic ZIKV infection and can persist for over 6 months.

Pregnancy May Be Independently Associated With Prolonged Detection of Zika Virus RNA

Pregnancy May Be Independently Associated With Prolonged Detection of Zika Virus RNA

By

Pregnant women may have about a 3-fold longer estimated median detection window for Zika virus RNA in serum.

An Effective Zika Vaccine May Eliminate Prenatal Infections

An Effective Zika Vaccine May Eliminate Prenatal Infections

By

A vaccine against Zika virus, once available and effectively deployed, may substantially reduce prenatal infections.

A Zika vaccine could virtually eliminate prenatal infections

A Zika virus vaccine shown to be of moderate to high efficacy in eliminating prenatal infections provides 90% coverage.

Rate of Birth Defects in Pregnant Women With Confirmed Zika Virus Infection

Rate of Birth Defects in Pregnant Women With Confirmed Zika Virus Infection

By

Researchers estimated this risk among pregnant women with symptomatic Zika virus infection in French territories in the Americas.

Zika Virus-Associated Neurogenic Bladder Requires Prompt Management

Zika Virus-Associated Neurogenic Bladder Requires Prompt Management

By

Prompt identification may help reduce the risk for subsequent renal failure and minimize overall disease burden.

Multistate Outbreak of <i>Salmonella</i> Linked to Popular Herbal Drug

Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Linked to Popular Herbal Drug

By

Kratom, the controversial plant used by some as an opioid substitute, is at the center of a multistate Salmonella outbreak, prompting the CDC to issue a recommendation against the consumption of kratom in any form.

Evidence of Postnatal Zika Virus Transmission From Breast Milk

Evidence of Postnatal Zika Virus Transmission From Breast Milk

By

Although Zika virus is known to be transmitted by mosquitos, sexual contact, blood transfusion, or laboratory exposure, there is also evidence supporting maternal transmission to infants via breastfeeding, delivery, or close contact.

Microcephaly rates elevated in Brazil prior to Zika virus epidemic

Microcephaly was associated with lack of maternal schooling, living without a partner, smoking during pregnancy, intrauterine growth restriction, vaginal delivery, and the pregnancy being the mother's first.

Climate Change: Effects on the Incidence and Distribution of Infectious Diseases

Climate Change: Effects on the Incidence and Distribution of Infectious Diseases

By

Without proactive measures and response, the changing climate is projected to continue to adversely affect the global incidence and distribution of infectious diseases and cause 250,000 additional deaths per year between 2030 and 2050.

Rapid, Point-of-Care Tool for Identifying Onchocerciasis in <i>L loa</i>-Endemic Areas

Rapid, Point-of-Care Tool for Identifying Onchocerciasis in L loa-Endemic Areas

By

A test-and-not-treat strategy may help areas in which loiasis is endemic and onchocerciasis is hypoendemic so that individuals who are not at risk for serious adverse events are safely given ivermectin treatment.

Growing Body of Evidence Links Zika Virus With Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Growing Body of Evidence Links Zika Virus With Guillain-Barré Syndrome

By

Evidence suggests a link between the Zika virus infection and Guillain-Barré Syndrome.

Multidrug-Resistant <i>Salmonella</i> Strains Emerging in United States

Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella Strains Emerging in United States

Analysis demonstrated that the differentiation into clades correlated more closely with the presence of an ASSuT genotype and certain MLST sequence types than with the geographic origin of the isolates.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters