Hepatitis

Telbivudine During Early Pregnancy Prevents HBV Transmission

Telbivudine During Early Pregnancy Prevents HBV Transmission

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A study showed that telbivudine administered during early and middle pregnancy prevented transmission of hepatitis B virus infection from mother to infants in all participants receiving antiviral treatment.

DAA-Based Eradication of HCV Associated With Improved Glycemic Control

DAA-Based Eradication of HCV Associated With Improved Glycemic Control

Direct-acting antiviral treatment of hepatitis C virus improved glycemic control for patients with type 2 diabetes.

Entecavir/Tenofovir Tx for Chronic HBV Beyond 5 Years Decreases HCC Rate

Entecavir/Tenofovir Tx for Chronic HBV Beyond 5 Years Decreases HCC Rate

Hepatocellular carcinoma decreases beyond year 5 of entecavir/tenofovir therapy in Caucasian patients with chronic hepatitis B virus.

Point-of-Care Test for Active Hepatitis C Virus Infection

Point-of-Care Test for Active Hepatitis C Virus Infection

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Point-of-care test was found to have high sensitivity and specificity for detecting HCV RNA in both capillary whole-blood samples collected by finger stick and in plasma samples collected by venipuncture.

Management of HCV in Liver Transplant Candidates and Recipients

Management of HCV in Liver Transplant Candidates and Recipients

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Expert insight from Leslie B. Lilly, MD, FRCPC, medical director of GI Transplantation from the Toronto General Hospital in Canada, about direct-acting antivirals in the management of hepatitis C virus in the liver transplantation setting.

EASL Raises Serious Concerns Over Cochrane Review of DAAs for HCV

EASL Raises Serious Concerns Over Cochrane Review of DAAs for HCV

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The European Association for the Study of the Liver raises concerns over Cochrane Review of direct acting antivirals for hepatitis C virus.

HCV Cure Rates High in HIV Coinfection With Integrated Healthcare Program

HCV Cure Rates High in HIV Coinfection With Integrated Healthcare Program

For patients with HCV and HIV coinfection, treatment is effective with standardized nurse/pharmacist support at urban clinics.

Screening for Viral Hepatitis Recommended Before Biologics in RA

Screening for Viral Hepatitis Recommended Before Biologics in RA

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The Turkish Society of Rheumatology proposed a guideline of hepatitis screening in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Liver Cancer Mortality Rates Have Doubled Since Mid-1980s

Liver Cancer Mortality Rates Have Doubled Since Mid-1980s

Liver cancer has become the fastest growing cause of cancer deaths in the Unites States.

HBV Vaccine Prevents Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Adolescents

HBV Vaccine Prevents Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Adolescents

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Universal vaccination against hepatitis B virus infection prevented non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adolescents in Taiwan, an endemic area for hepatitis B virus infection.

 Knowledge of HCV Transmission in Opioid-Dependent Pregnant Women

Knowledge of HCV Transmission in Opioid-Dependent Pregnant Women

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Most opioid-dependent pregnant patients understand that intravenous drug use is a major transmission modality of hepatitis C virus.

 High Rate of SVR Across All HCV Genotypes With Three-Drug Combo

High Rate of SVR Across All HCV Genotypes With Three-Drug Combo

A combination pill of sofosbuvir, velpatasvir, and voxilaprevir is nearly 100% effective in curing hepatitis C in patients whose disease returned after treatment with direct-acting antiviral agents.

FDA, CDC Investigating Hepatitis A Linked to Frozen Tuna

FDA, CDC Investigating Hepatitis A Linked to Frozen Tuna

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The FDA and CDC are warning consumers of a hepatitis A virus risk in contaminated frozen tuna.

Hepatitis C Virus Infection: A Risk Factor for Type 2 Diabetes?

Hepatitis C Virus Infection: A Risk Factor for Type 2 Diabetes?

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Hepatitis C virus infection may increase the risk for type 2 diabetes, but whether a causal relationship exists is unclear. Screening for type 2 diabetes in this population may have important public health implications.

Predicting Cardiovascular Outcomes in Liver Transplant Candidates

Predicting Cardiovascular Outcomes in Liver Transplant Candidates

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Dobutamine stress perfusion echocardiography can detect microvascular perfusion abnormalities that predict cardiovascular outcomes in candidates for liver transplantation.

HBV Reactivation: A Safety Concern With DAA Use in HBV/HCV Coinfection

HBV Reactivation: A Safety Concern With DAA Use in HBV/HCV Coinfection

Hepatitis B virus reactivation has become a safety concern in patients with HBV and HCV coinfection receiving direct-acting antiviral agents.

Transplantation of HCV-Infected Kidneys Into Uninfected Patients Possible

Transplantation of HCV-Infected Kidneys Into Uninfected Patients Possible

Researchers evaluated the safety and efficacy of transplantation of kidneys from HCV genotype 1-viremic donors into HCV-negative patients, followed by elbasvir-grazoprevir (Zepatier) treatment.

Tenofovir During Pregnancy Prevents Prenatal Transmission of HBV

Tenofovir During Pregnancy Prevents Prenatal Transmission of HBV

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Women with a high hepatitis B viral load who receive tenofovir during pregnancy have a significantly reduced risk for passing on the virus to their child, without an increase in the risk of adverse events.

Sharp Increase in Maternal HCV Infection in US

Sharp Increase in Maternal HCV Infection in US

Hepatitis C virus infections among pregnant women have nearly doubled between 2009 and 2014 in the United States according to the CDC.

HCV Infection Doubled in Reproductive-aged Women From 2006 to 2014

HCV Infection Doubled in Reproductive-aged Women From 2006 to 2014

Researchers found that there was a doubling in the number of reproductive-aged women with acute and past or present HCV infection in the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System.

CDC: Rise in HCV Infections Tripled in Last 5 Years

CDC: Rise in HCV Infections Tripled in Last 5 Years

The CDC reports that new hepatitis C virus infections in the US have nearly tripled over 5 years.

DAA Treatment Combo for HCV Improves Patient-Reported Outcomes

DAA Treatment Combo for HCV Improves Patient-Reported Outcomes

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An investigational direct-acting antiviral treatment combination improves patient-reported outcomes in addition to sustained virologic response in patients with HCV, especially patients with cirrhosis.

Phase 3 Study Finds Pan-Genotypic HCV Regimen Highly Efficacious

Phase 3 Study Finds Pan-Genotypic HCV Regimen Highly Efficacious

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Findings from the EXPEDITION-1 study, a phase 3 trial, evaluated the efficacy and safety of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir for the treatment of chronic HCV infection in patients with genotype 1, 2, 4, 5, or 6 and compensated cirrhosis.

Investigational Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir Dose Safe in Children With HCV

Investigational Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir Dose Safe in Children With HCV

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Investigational dosage of once-daily ledipasvir/sofosbuvir was safe and highly efficacious in children age 6 to 11 with chronic HCV infection.

New EASL Guidelines for Managing Hepatitis B Virus Infection

New EASL Guidelines for Managing Hepatitis B Virus Infection

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The new European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) clinical practice guidelines for hepatitis B virus infection identifies new management strategies for an incurable disease.

Clinical Practice Update on Managing Patients Cured of HCV Infection

Clinical Practice Update on Managing Patients Cured of HCV Infection

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Patients with chronic HCV infection who have achieved a sustained virologic response with treatment are considered cured, but they may still be at risk for complications such as hepatocellular carcinoma. The American Gastroenterological Association Institute addresses these issues in its clinical practice update on managing patients cured of HCV infection.

Statins Reduce Risk of Cirrhosis Decompensation in HBV, HCV

Statins Reduce Risk of Cirrhosis Decompensation in HBV, HCV

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Statin use decreased rates of decompensation in patients with liver cirrhosis due to HBV and HCV infections and, to a lesser extent, in patients with alcohol-induced cirrhosis. Mortality rates were also reduced in statin users with HBV-related cirrhosis.

Hepatitis B and C Infection May Increase Risk for Parkinson Disease

Hepatitis B and C Infection May Increase Risk for Parkinson Disease

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While prior studies have found an association between hepatitis C and the risk for Parkinson disease, the association between hepatitis B and Parkinson disease is new and needs further confirmation.

Pharmacist Interventions Can Help to Optimize HCV Treatment

Pharmacist Interventions Can Help to Optimize HCV Treatment

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Clinical pharmacists can encourage preventive measures on reducing HCV transmission, increase education adherence, assist in initiating HCV treatment, assist in monitoring clinical and adverse effects, and facilitate medication acquisition.

HBV, HCV Could Be Wiped Out as Public Health Threats by 2030

HBV, HCV Could Be Wiped Out as Public Health Threats by 2030

Despite being the seventh leading cause of death in the world, viral hepatitis accounts for less than 1% of the National Institutes of Health research budget.

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