For criminal justice-involved persons living with HIV, sustained retention in care decreases over time post-release.
Close to one-third of sexually active HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) have not received syphilis screening in the past 12 months.
Alcohol use may be associated with microstructural compromise to frontal white matter in patients infected with HIV who do not have dementia and are undergoing antiretroviral therapy.
In the new subgroup analysis, these results were found to be consistent regardless of baseline regimen.
The approval of Intelence for this patient population was based on an open-label, single arm trial (N=20) which showed that the safety and efficacy of etravirine + an optimized background regimen (ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor in combination with 1 or 2 NRTIs [N=14] and/or combination with an integrase inhibitor [N=7]) was comparable to that observed in adults.
The FDA has approved Symtuza for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in treatment-naive and in virologically suppressed adults.
Fixed-dose bictegravir, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide might be a safe and efficacious alternative to continued boosted protease inhibitor therapy in patients with HIV-1
Concerns and motivations regarding living donor status in people with HIV should be assessed by physicians and independent living donor advocates.
Investigators used DXA scans to assess the progression to osteopenia and osteoporosis in individuals with HIV.
The CDC has issued updated recommendations regarding the use of 3HP for the treatment of latent tuberculosis.
Considerable numbers of MSM and persons who inject drugs who are unaware of their HIV infection report missed opportunities for diagnosis.
Infectious Disease Advisor speaks with Elizabeth D. Lowenthal, MD, about the challenges associated with revealing HIV seropositive status to children.
The researchers believe this study is the first to detect a statistically significant, unexpected inverse association between efavirenz use and depression.
Investigators sought to assess the effectiveness of tools to predict the risk of chronic kidney disease in individuals with HIV.
Appropriate monitoring and implementation of guidelines for opioid therapy is lacking in patients living with HIV.
Researchers examined unplanned pregnancies and contraceptive use among HIV-positive women in a cross-sectional study.
The final review included 47 articles that fell under 1 of the following categories: primary data on cognitive variables of providers; data on cognitive variables and perspectives of individuals at risk for HIV infection; literature on PrEP implementation; and case studies of PrEP demonstration and implementation projects.
The increased presence of social network support may decrease the risk for HIV seroconversion in black MSM.
Although rates of mother-to-child transmission of HIV have decreased as a result of effective treatments and protective delivery and feeding practices, transmission does persist.
Simplification to atazanavir/ritonavir plus lamivudine as a maintenance therapy has the same effect on markers of systemic inflammation biomarkers as triple therapy.
Antiretroviral therapy resulting in long-term viral suppression of HIV may contribute to cancer prevention.
For gay and bisexual men, an increase in HIV PrEP is associated with a reduction in condom use.
The maximum concentration of the integrase inhibitor dolutegravir was significantly higher in older people living with HIV.
The labeling now states that Prezcobix is not recommended for use in pregnant women due to substantially lower exposures of the active ingredients, darunavir and cobicistat, during pregnancy.
Cancer treatment rates for HIV-infected seniors were lowest among the younger subset of patients, who would likely benefit most from treatment in terms of life expectancy.
An increased risk for cardiovascular disease with ritonavir-boosted darunavir regimens for HIV was identified in a prospective multicenter study.
Mental health professionals supporting patients living with HIV need to make space for their patients to process the emotional effect of their diagnosis, but not to make assumptions about what it means to them.
A substantial proportion of these individuals diagnosed with HIV, psychiatric disorders, and substance use disorders are out of care and urgently require intervention.
Bilirubin appeared to be inversely associated with cardiovascular disease in individuals with HIV enrolled in the Veterans Aging Cohort Study.
Implementing initiatives to maintain Medicaid enrollment and to expedite Medicaid reenrollment and having alternate resources available in gaps are important to ensure continuous antiretroviral therapy to optimize HIV outcomes.
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Infectious Disease Advisor Articles
- The Misuse of Antibiotics in Acute Pancreatitis Appears Widespread
- ART Reduces Neurocognitive Impairment in Patients Living With HIV
- Polio-Like Condition in Children on Rise in the United States
- Pneumococcal H Influenzae Protein D Conjugate Vaccine Effective in Children
- Mental Health Problems in Adolescents With HIV: Overview & Expert Interview
- Epidemiology of K pneumoniae Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae Infections in Children
- Social Support Important in Short-Term Care for Older Adults With HIV
- High-Dose Influenza Vaccination May Benefit Transplant Recipients
- Low-Dose Methotrexate: No Effect on Endothelial Function in Patients Treated for HIV
- Updated HCV Treatment Guidelines for 2018 Published by AASLD-IDSA