Daily Text Messaging Improves ART Adherence in Youth

Daily text messaging intervention can improve ART adherence among HIV-positive adolescents and young adults.
Daily text messaging intervention can improve ART adherence among HIV-positive adolescents and young adults.

HealthDay News — A two-way, personalized daily text messaging intervention can improve antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence among HIV-positive adolescents and young adults, according to a study in AIDS and Behavior.

Robert Garofalo, MD, MPH, from the Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital in Chicago, and colleagues conducted a randomized trial of a two-way, personalized daily text messaging intervention to improve ART adherence among 105 poorly adherent HIV-positive adolescents and young adults (age 16 to 29 years). ART adherence was assessed via self-report visual analogue scale at 3 and 6 months for mean adherence level and proportion who were ≥90% adherent.

The researchers found that over the 6-month intervention period, the average effect estimate was significant for ≥90% adherence (odds ratio, 2.12) and was maintained 6 months after intervention (at 12 months). Very high satisfaction scores were seen for the intervention.

"These results suggest both feasibility and initial efficacy of this approach," the authors write. "Given study limitations, additional testing of this intervention as part of a larger clinical trial with objective and/or clinical outcome measures of adherence is warranted."

Reference

Garofalo R, Kuhns LM, Hotton A, Johnson A, Muldoon A, Rice D. A randomized controlled trial of personalized text message reminders to promote medication adherence among HIV-positive adolescents and young adults. AIDS Behav. 2016;20:1049-1059. doi: 10.1007/s10461-015-1192-x

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