Microbiome

Sepsis-Related Brain Dysfunction Linked to Gut Bacteria

Sepsis-Related Brain Dysfunction Linked to Gut Bacteria

Gut bacteria may be tied to sepsis-related brain dysfunction.

High Concentrations of Key Vaginal Bacteria May Increase Risk for HIV Acquisition

High Concentrations of Key Vaginal Bacteria May Increase Risk for HIV Acquisition

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Study evaluated the association between the concentrations of specific vaginal bacteria and increased risk for HIV acquisition in African women.

Vaginal Dysbiosis Increases Risk for Preterm Fetal Membrane Rupture

Vaginal Dysbiosis Increases Risk for Preterm Fetal Membrane Rupture

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Vaginal microbiota composition is a risk factor for subsequent preterm prelabor rupture of the fetal membranes and is associated with adverse short-term maternal and neonatal outcomes.

Role of the Microbiome on HIV Infection, Prevention, and Treatment

Role of the Microbiome on HIV Infection, Prevention, and Treatment

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The interactions between HIV, ART, human sexual behavior, and the gut microbiome are complex and sorting out these interactions will be important to design future interventions.

Vaginal Microbiota Profile Predictive of Chlamydia Susceptibility

Vaginal Microbiota Profile Predictive of Chlamydia Susceptibility

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Vaginal microbiota dominated by L iners has been shown to exhibit rapid change in composition in and out of community states similar to bacterial vaginosis.

Infant Gut Microbiome Altered by Maternal Antibiotic Use

Infant Gut Microbiome Altered by Maternal Antibiotic Use

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Mothers' use of antibiotics affects infant gut composition up to a month later.

Ribaxamase May Prevent Opportunistic Infections During IV β-lactam Treatment

Ribaxamase May Prevent Opportunistic Infections During IV β-lactam Treatment

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SYN-004, ribaxamase, is an oral B-lactamase medication to be combined with intravenous β-lactam antibiotics to prevent disruption of the gut microbiome.

Ridinilazole Preserves Gut Microbiome Diversity in Treatment of <i>C difficile</i> Infection

Ridinilazole Preserves Gut Microbiome Diversity in Treatment of C difficile Infection

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Compared with fidaxomicin, ridinilazole preserved gut microbiome diversity to a greater extent in the treatment of Clostridium difficile infection.

Microbiome Diversity in Respiratory Tract Linked to Airway Inflammation

Microbiome Diversity in Respiratory Tract Linked to Airway Inflammation

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Lower microbial diversity in the respiratory tract was linked with prophylactic antibiotic use and less airway inflammation in cystic fibrosis.

Penile Microbiome Linked to Increased HIV Risk in Heterosexual Partners

Penile Microbiome Linked to Increased HIV Risk in Heterosexual Partners

The microbiome of the area on the penis located under the foreskin in uncircumcised straight men has been linked to increased risk for contracting HIV.

New Method Gauges Persistence of Donor Microbes After Fecal Transplant

New Method Gauges Persistence of Donor Microbes After Fecal Transplant

Therapeutic donor microbes can remain for months or years in patients who've undergone fecal microbiota transplantation.

Vaginal Microbiome May Render HIV Tenofovir Microbicide Less Effective

Vaginal Microbiome May Render HIV Tenofovir Microbicide Less Effective

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Tenofovir gel reduced the incidence of HIV infection by 61% in women with Lactobacillus-dominant vaginal flora but only 18% in women with non-Lactobacillus bacteria, according to a new study.

Gut Microbiota Associated With Parkinson's Disease Progression

Gut Microbiota Associated With Parkinson's Disease Progression

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An imbalance in gut microbiota may be associated with the progression of Parkinson's disease.

Breast-Feeding Profoundly Affects Infant Gut Microbiome Composition

Breast-Feeding Profoundly Affects Infant Gut Microbiome Composition

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Breast-feeding throughout the first year of infant's life was found to influence the bacterial composition and diversity of the infant gut microbiome in a dose-dependent manner.

Vaginal Microbiota May Affect Tenofovir Applied Intravaginally

Vaginal Microbiota May Affect Tenofovir Applied Intravaginally

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New study suggests that the vaginal microbiome may modify tenofovir delivery.

Cervicovaginal Microbiome Composition Affects HIV Risk

Cervicovaginal Microbiome Composition Affects HIV Risk

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The abundance of certain bacterial taxa in the cervicovaginal microbiome plays a role in the risk of acquiring HIV infection.

Allergy, Asthma Predicted by Newborn Gut Microbiome

Allergy, Asthma Predicted by Newborn Gut Microbiome

Stool samples from a racially diverse group of infants were used to map the bacterial and fungal gut environment.

Healthy Gut Microbiome Often Compromised in Patients in Intensive Care

Healthy Gut Microbiome Often Compromised in Patients in Intensive Care

Increased levels of harmful bacteria boost the risk for hospital-acquired infections, researchers say.

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