Nosocomial Infections

Feature Article

Strategies for Reducing Hospital-Acquired Infections

Strategies for Reducing Hospital-Acquired Infections

Study finds that patients were 10% to 30% less likely to acquire a multidrug-resistant organism or C difficile if enhanced disinfection strategies were used in hospitals.

The relative risk for healthcare-associated infections has decreased in the last 15 years due to improvements in awareness of risk associated with devices, infection control, and evidence-based practice regarding use of devices.

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SOFA Score Better Predicts In-Hospital Mortality for Adults in ICU

SOFA Score Better Predicts In-Hospital Mortality for Adults in ICU

SOFA score has greater prognostic accuracy for in-hospital mortality than SIRS criteria or the qSOFA score.

No Effect of Alkalosis on Mortality in ICU Patients With Sepsis

No Effect of Alkalosis on Mortality in ICU Patients With Sepsis

Metabolic alkalosis did not have any effect on 30-day and 12-month mortality in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock.

Improved Catheter Safety Measures Reduce Bloodstream Infections

Improved Catheter Safety Measures Reduce Bloodstream Infections

Interventions related to central venous catheters were, on average, associated with 57% fewer bloodstream infections and substantial savings to hospitals.

Quick SOFA Better Than SIRS, Severe Sepsis in Identifying Mortality Risk

Quick SOFA Better Than SIRS, Severe Sepsis in Identifying Mortality Risk

Quick SOFA had greater prognostic accuracy for in-hospital mortality than did either SIRS or severe sepsis.

Presepsin Accurately Detects Early-Onset Sepsis in Preterm Neonates

Presepsin Accurately Detects Early-Onset Sepsis in Preterm Neonates

Compared with pro-calcitonin and C-reactive protein, presepsin has better diagnostic accuracy in discriminating early-onset sepsis.

Sepsis Leading Cause of Hospital Readmission and Associated Costs

Sepsis Leading Cause of Hospital Readmission and Associated Costs

Among medical conditions, sepsis is a leading cause of hospital readmissions and associated costs.

Ultrasonography Detects Erosive Joint Changes Associated With Septic Arthritis

Ultrasonography Detects Erosive Joint Changes Associated With Septic Arthritis

Persistence of Doppler signal and a thickened synovial tissue at 3 months are associated with a poor clinical outcome in patients with septic arthritis.

CDC: 13 US Cases of Candida auris Identified

CDC: 13 US Cases of Candida auris Identified

Possible 4 deaths associated to C auris infection. Seven cases presented in 4 states: Illinois, Maryland, New Jersey, and New York.

Hydrocortisone Does Not Reduce Risk of Septic Shock in Severe Sepsis

Hydrocortisone Does Not Reduce Risk of Septic Shock in Severe Sepsis

Researchers did not observe a significant improvement with hydrocortisone over placebo for time until septic shock or mortality.

Fungal Infection-Free Survival Not Improved with Empirical Micafungin Treatment

Fungal Infection-Free Survival Not Improved with Empirical Micafungin Treatment

Treatment was tested in critically ill patients with ICU-acquired sepsis, multiple Candida colonization, and multiple organ failure.

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