Nosocomial Infections

Delaying Rotavirus Vaccination Until Discharge Leads to Missed Opportunities

Delaying Rotavirus Vaccination Until Discharge Leads to Missed Opportunities

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Study found that many hospitalized infants did not receive rotavirus vaccination before discharge and were no longer age-eligible for vaccination after discharge from the hospital.

Prevalence of MRSA in ICU Patients After State-Mandated Surveillance

Prevalence of MRSA in ICU Patients After State-Mandated Surveillance

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The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization did not decline after implementation of state-legislated active surveillance among critically ill adults.

Reducing Surgical Site Infections Using Telehealth Electronic Monitoring

Reducing Surgical Site Infections Using Telehealth Electronic Monitoring

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Following vascular reconstruction, patients will receive postdischarge care that includes telehealth electronic monitoring.

Antibiotics, Mechanical Bowel Preparation Associated With Reduced SSIs

Antibiotics, Mechanical Bowel Preparation Associated With Reduced SSIs

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Oral antibiotics combined with mechanical bowel preparation should be considered for all patients undergoing left-sided colorectal cancer resections.

Treatment of Neurologic Complications in Infective Endocarditis

Treatment of Neurologic Complications in Infective Endocarditis

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Mortality rates associated with infective endocarditis range from 16% to 25%, with the highest rates observed among patients with nosocomial healthcare-associated infective endocarditis.

Reported Penicillin Allergy Increases Risk of Surgical Site Infections

Reported Penicillin Allergy Increases Risk of Surgical Site Infections

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Penicillin allergy may compromise receipt of recommended antibiotic prophylaxis intended to prevent surgical site infections.

Enteral Gram-Negative Colonization Associated With New ICU Infections

Enteral Gram-Negative Colonization Associated With New ICU Infections

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Researchers concluded that risk of ICU acquired Gram-negative bacteria was low in mechanically ventilated patients receiving selective digestive tract decontamination.

Claims-Based Estimates Not Accurate for Sepsis Analysis

Claims-Based Estimates Not Accurate for Sepsis Analysis

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The study includes a large number of diverse hospitals which account for approximately 10% of all acute care hospitalizations in the United States in 2014.

Antibiotic Prophylaxis After C-Section Reduces Surgical Site Infections

Antibiotic Prophylaxis After C-Section Reduces Surgical Site Infections

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A study conducted at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center compares antibiotic prophylaxis treatment after cesarean section in 403 obese women.

Conjunctivitis More Common in Adult Women Than Men

Conjunctivitis More Common in Adult Women Than Men

Adult women have a higher prevalence of conjunctivitis than men.

Methicillin-Susceptible <i>Staphyloccocus aureus</i> Carriers Unlikely to Acquire MRSA

Methicillin-Susceptible Staphyloccocus aureus Carriers Unlikely to Acquire MRSA

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Study results can be used to support an antimicrobial stewardship policy discouraging empiric coverage for MRSA infections in a population of MSSA carriers.

Ridinilazole Preserves Gut Microbiome Diversity in Treatment of <i>C difficile</i> Infection

Ridinilazole Preserves Gut Microbiome Diversity in Treatment of C difficile Infection

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Compared with fidaxomicin, ridinilazole preserved gut microbiome diversity to a greater extent in the treatment of Clostridium difficile infection.

Routine Evidence-Based Care for <i>S aureus</i> Infection Improves Survival

Routine Evidence-Based Care for S aureus Infection Improves Survival

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Increase use of evidence-based care processes decreased mortality associated with S aureus bacteremia in VHA hospitals.

Outcomes of Adolescent Sepsis Cases in Community Hospital ED

Outcomes of Adolescent Sepsis Cases in Community Hospital ED

Sepsis cases among adolescents seen in emergency departments is rare according to a recently published research letter.

Risk Stratification in Febrile Infants Using Complete Blood Cell Counts

Risk Stratification in Febrile Infants Using Complete Blood Cell Counts

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The parameters of the complete blood cell count, WBC, ANC and platelet count were used to test accuracy in identifying infants with invasive bacterial infections.

Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Men With Sepsis, Pneumonia

Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Men With Sepsis, Pneumonia

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Men who have sepsis or pneumonia have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.

WHO Passes Resolution to Mark Sepsis as a Global Health Priority

WHO Passes Resolution to Mark Sepsis as a Global Health Priority

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A resolution recently adopted by the World Health Organization's World Health Assembly could significantly lower the incidence and impact of sepsis.

Follow-up Blood Culture in Gram-Negative Bacteremia Should Be Avoided

Follow-up Blood Culture in Gram-Negative Bacteremia Should Be Avoided

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Follow-up blood cultures may have little utility in the management of Gram-negative bacilli bacteremia, according to data from a recent study.

Septic Arthritis Outbreak in NJ Linked to Intra-articular Injections

Septic Arthritis Outbreak in NJ Linked to Intra-articular Injections

An outbreak of septic arthritis linked to intra-articular injections was identified at an outpatient practice in New Jersey.

Stethoscope Hygiene Low Despite Guidelines

Stethoscope Hygiene Low Despite Guidelines

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Educating clinicians about the importance of stethoscope hygiene does not appear to increase the practice.

Fluoroquinolone-Resistant <i>E coli</i>: Prominent Complication in Prostate Biopsy

Fluoroquinolone-Resistant E coli: Prominent Complication in Prostate Biopsy

The most common complication of prostate biopsy is infection, with mild bleeding also reported.

Challenges in Managing Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

Challenges in Managing Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

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Diagnosis is one of the primary difficulties in managing hospital acquired pneumonia.

Risk Factors for Early Return ED Visits for UTI Identified

Risk Factors for Early Return ED Visits for UTI Identified

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Researchers found certain risk factors associated with early return visits to the emergency department in patients with UTIs.

<i>Serratia marcescens</i> Outbreak After Drug Tampering in US Hospital

Serratia marcescens Outbreak After Drug Tampering in US Hospital

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A hospital nurse was found responsible for an outbreak of Serratia marcescens as a result of an illegal opioid diversion.

Bloodstream Infection Risk High With Use of Central Venous Catheters

Bloodstream Infection Risk High With Use of Central Venous Catheters

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Use of central venous catheters is associated with the highest rates of bloodstream infections compared with other forms of vascular access.

Decrease Rate of <i>S aureus</i> Resistance Seen With Certain Antibiotics

Decrease Rate of S aureus Resistance Seen With Certain Antibiotics

In recent years, Staphlococcus aureus infections have been more susceptible to key antibiotics.

<i>Candida auris</i>: Dispatch From an Outbreak

Candida auris: Dispatch From an Outbreak

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Rapid identification of Candida auris is crucial in order to implement appropriate precautions and avoid transmission to other patients.

CDC: High Rate of Legionnaires' Disease in Healthcare Facilities

CDC: High Rate of Legionnaires' Disease in Healthcare Facilities

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that 76% of US healthcare facilities reported cases of Legionnaires' disease.

Burden of Care Greater With Diabetic Foot Ulcers and Infections

Burden of Care Greater With Diabetic Foot Ulcers and Infections

Study investigated an estimated 6.7 million diabetic foot cases and the risk for emergency department or inpatient admissions and number of outpatient visits.

Narrow Window for Preoperative Antibiotics Does Not Reduce Infections

Narrow Window for Preoperative Antibiotics Does Not Reduce Infections

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Narrowing the window for surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis from 60 minutes to 30 minutes before surgery did not improve rates of surgical site infection, reduce 30-day mortality, or shorten hospital lengths of stay.

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