Pediatric Illnesses

Feature Article

Polio: The End is Becoming Nearer

Polio: The End is Becoming Nearer

Public health and global health efforts to eradicate polio are closing in on their goal.

The relative risk for healthcare-associated infections has decreased in the last 15 years due to improvements in awareness of risk associated with devices, infection control, and evidence-based practice regarding use of devices.

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Reducing Antibiotic Use in Infants With Use of Sepsis Risk Calculator

Reducing Antibiotic Use in Infants With Use of Sepsis Risk Calculator

A study finds the use of early-onset sepsis calculator can decrease the number of infants receiving a sepsis work-up and prophylactic antibiotics.

Watchful Waiting for Acute Otitis Media Management Cost-Effective

Watchful Waiting for Acute Otitis Media Management Cost-Effective

Researchers find that fewer antibiotics were prescribed to pediatric patients with acute otitis media after using watchful waiting.

Considerable Variation Seen in Risk Assessment for Sepsis in Newborns

Considerable Variation Seen in Risk Assessment for Sepsis in Newborns

The most common factor used to identify risk for early onset sepsis was obstetric diagnosis of chorioamnionitis, according to the study.

Antiseptic, Dry Cord Care Comparable in Newborns

Antiseptic, Dry Cord Care Comparable in Newborns

A cluster randomized trial was conducted among newborns at 6 French university maternity units.

Clinical Practice Guideline on UTI in Young Children Reaffirmed

Clinical Practice Guideline on UTI in Young Children Reaffirmed

After review of literature, the 2011 clinical practice guideline on urinary tract infection in infants and young children reaffirmed.

Requirement of Tdap Vaccincation Increases HPV Immunization

Requirement of Tdap Vaccincation Increases HPV Immunization

Tdap booster and meningococcal vaccination requirements associated with larger "spillover" increases in HPV vaccination coverage.

Fluoroquinolones Use in Children Should be Considered in Specific Situations

Fluoroquinolones Use in Children Should be Considered in Specific Situations

When there is no safe and effective alternative, fluoroquinolones use should be considered in children.

Pyuria Thresholds in UTI Diagnosis

Pyuria Thresholds in UTI Diagnosis

Prevalence of UTI in young infants studied was 7.8%.

Universal Screening for Newborn Congenital CMV Cost-Effective But Concerns Remain

Universal Screening for Newborn Congenital CMV Cost-Effective But Concerns Remain

While universal screening for congenital CMV is more cost-effective than current standard of care, concerns about CMV screening remain.

CDC: Measles Outbreak in Amish Community Demonstrates Potential for Ongoing Threat

CDC: Measles Outbreak in Amish Community Demonstrates Potential for Ongoing Threat

Nearly all who were infected had not been vaccinated, researchers say.

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