Pediatric illnesses

UTI Rate Drops in Infants on Long IV Therapy Without Increase in Readmission

UTI Rate Drops in Infants on Long IV Therapy Without Increase in Readmission

Rate of infants with a UTI who received 4 or more days of intravenous antibiotics decreased from 2005 to 2015.

Intravenous Zanamivir Safe, Efficacious in Children With Influenza

Intravenous Zanamivir Safe, Efficacious in Children With Influenza

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Zanamivir is a neuraminidase inhibitor approved in the United States as an oral inhalation powder for acute, uncomplicated influenza in children ≥7 years of age and prophylaxis in children ≥5 years of age.

Factors Associated With Lower Risk for Early-Onset Sepsis in Premature Infants

Factors Associated With Lower Risk for Early-Onset Sepsis in Premature Infants

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Identification of premature infants at low risk of early onset sepsis may help guide decisions for initiating and/or discontinuing empirical antibiotic treatments in the first days of life.

Rates of Infection in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Treated With Biologic Therapy

Rates of Infection in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Treated With Biologic Therapy

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Researchers examine serious infection risk factors in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis receiving biologic therapy.

Osteomyelitis in Children More Common in the Summer, Spring

Osteomyelitis in Children More Common in the Summer, Spring

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Study assessed the effects of weather trends on the occurrence and severity of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis in affected children.

Preterm Infants at Higher Risk for RSV Hospitalization Following 2014 Guidance

Preterm Infants at Higher Risk for RSV Hospitalization Following 2014 Guidance

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New data shows a higher risk of respiratory syncytial virus hospitalization for preterm infants during the 2015-2016 season vs data from the previous season.

Better Detection and Treatment Needed for <i>H pylori</i> Infections in Children

Better Detection and Treatment Needed for H pylori Infections in Children

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In recent years, a link between childhood Helicobacter pylori and gastric cancer in adulthood has elevated the need to detect and treat H pylori in asymptomatic children.

Factors Associated With Thrombocytopenia in Neonatal Sepsis

Factors Associated With Thrombocytopenia in Neonatal Sepsis

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Maternal hypertension, intravascular thrombosis, and Gram-negative sepsis were independent risk factors for thrombocytopenia in multivariate analysis.

Using Protein and Biomarkers to Improve Risk Stratification in Sepsis

Using Protein and Biomarkers to Improve Risk Stratification in Sepsis

Addition of previously unconsidered genes from the PERSEVERE model can improve mortality risk stratification for children with septic shock.

Guidelines for Infection Prevention in Pediatric Ambulatory Settings Updated

Guidelines for Infection Prevention in Pediatric Ambulatory Settings Updated

Guidelines have been updated for infection prevention in pediatric ambulatory settings.

Efficacy of Continuous vs Intermittent Vancomycin for Pediatric MRSA Infections Evaluated

Efficacy of Continuous vs Intermittent Vancomycin for Pediatric MRSA Infections Evaluated

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Vancomycin administered via continuous infusion was found to achieve the recommended VAN trough of 15-20mg/L faster and with less risk of adverse events compared to administration via intermittent infusion.

Guidelines for Preventing Infections in Adolescent Athletes

Guidelines for Preventing Infections in Adolescent Athletes

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Many of the recommendations by sports organizations are more stringent than ordinary infection control practices for similar conditions.

FDA Approves Dose Modification for Children With HIV

FDA Approves Dose Modification for Children With HIV

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The FDA has approved labeling changes for Genvoya to include new safety and efficacy data.

Pediatric Outpatient Antimicrobial Stewardship: Minimizing Antibiotic Duration

Pediatric Outpatient Antimicrobial Stewardship: Minimizing Antibiotic Duration

Hear from experts on when to prescribe short course antibiotic therapy in pediatric populations for a variety of common infections.

FDA Expands Peramivir Injection for Children With Acute Uncomplicated Influenza

FDA Expands Peramivir Injection for Children With Acute Uncomplicated Influenza

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The has expanded the use of Rapivab to pediatric patients aged ≥2 years with acute uncomplicated influenza

Antibiotics Not Recommended in Pediatrics With Negative Rapid Strep Test Results

Antibiotics Not Recommended in Pediatrics With Negative Rapid Strep Test Results

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Pediatric patients with group A streptococcal pharyngitis should not be treated with antibiotics if results of an RADT are negative.

Clinic Visits, Costs Decreased by Rotavirus Vaccination in US Children

Clinic Visits, Costs Decreased by Rotavirus Vaccination in US Children

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An analysis of the financial burden associated with rotavirus infection revealed a lower cost burden for children receiving complete and incomplete vaccination relative to completely unvaccinated children.

Otopathogen Prevalence Altered Since Pneumococcal Vaccine Introduction

Otopathogen Prevalence Altered Since Pneumococcal Vaccine Introduction

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A new longitudinal study updates the epidemiology of acute otitis media in the decade after pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction.

High-Dose Vitamin D Does Not Prevent Pediatric Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

High-Dose Vitamin D Does Not Prevent Pediatric Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

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High-dose vitamin D supplements do not prevent viral upper respiratory tract infections in young children.

HPV Vaccine Does Not Increase Risk for Adverse Maternal, Infant Outcomes

HPV Vaccine Does Not Increase Risk for Adverse Maternal, Infant Outcomes

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Inadvertent administration of the quadrivalent HPV vaccine during periconception or pregnancy was not associated with additional risk to mothers and their infants.

Tympanogram Results May Guide Appropriate Use of Abx in Acute Otitis Media

Tympanogram Results May Guide Appropriate Use of Abx in Acute Otitis Media

Older age and peaked tympanogram are associated with reduced risk of treatment failure in young children with acute otitis media.

New Scoring System Predicts In-Hospital Mortality in Critically Ill Children With Sepsis

New Scoring System Predicts In-Hospital Mortality in Critically Ill Children With Sepsis

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A new organ dysfunction scoring system that predicts in-hospital mortality was validated in critically ill children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit.

Chasing Serotype Replacement in Pneumococcal Pneumonia

Chasing Serotype Replacement in Pneumococcal Pneumonia

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Increasing rates of non-pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 13 serotypes of invasive pneumococcal disease present a new challenge to the global containment of the infection.

Rotavirus Vaccine Linked to Decrease In Pediatric Gastroenteritis Hospitalizations

Rotavirus Vaccine Linked to Decrease In Pediatric Gastroenteritis Hospitalizations

Implementation of rotavirus vaccination correlated with a reduction in acute gastroenteritis related hospitalization rates among children.

Risk of Congenital Malformations With Gestational Antibiotic Use

Risk of Congenital Malformations With Gestational Antibiotic Use

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The use of specific antibiotics during pregnancy may be associated with increased risk for major congenital malformations.

Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy Reduces Infant Risk for Acute Lower Respiratory Infection

Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy Reduces Infant Risk for Acute Lower Respiratory Infection

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Influenza vaccination during pregnancy decreases infant hospitalizations for all-cause acute lower respiratory tract infection during the first 3 months of life.

Acute Otitis Media Epidemiology Changed With Pneumococcal Vaccines

Acute Otitis Media Epidemiology Changed With Pneumococcal Vaccines

Since the introduction of pneumococcal vaccines, the epidemiology of acute otitis media has changed considerably.

Point-of-Care Testing of HIV-Exposed Infants Improves Linkage to Care

Point-of-Care Testing of HIV-Exposed Infants Improves Linkage to Care

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Point-of-care testing of HIV-exposed infants at birth yielded results comparable to the standard of care laboratory-based testing and reduced time to result and time to antiretroviral therapy initiation.

Measles Outbreak Linked to Community With Low MMR Vaccination Rates

Measles Outbreak Linked to Community With Low MMR Vaccination Rates

An outbreak of measles has been identified in Minnesota.

Eye Abnormalities May Be First Sign of Congenital Zika Virus Infection

Eye Abnormalities May Be First Sign of Congenital Zika Virus Infection

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Infants exposed to the Zika virus in utero should have their eyes examined for possible virus-related abnormalities.

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