Prevention

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Inappropriate Antibiotic Use for Acute Bronchitis Highest in Younger Adults

Inappropriate Antibiotic Use for Acute Bronchitis Highest in Younger Adults

The adult population is a key target of antibiotic stewardship efforts for acute bronchitis, since over half of unnecessary prescribing for bronchitis occurs in adult patients.

Primary HPV Testing Recommendation Among US Physicians

Primary HPV Testing Recommendation Among US Physicians

Many US physicians recommended primary HPV testing for women of all ages, contrary to guidelines which limit this screening approach to women ≥25 years old.

FDA Approves Letermovir for Treatment and Prevention of CMV

FDA Approves Letermovir for Treatment and Prevention of CMV

The FDA has approved letermovir for the treatment and prevention of cytomegalovirus.

Curbing Parental Vaccine Hesitancy With Web-Based, Social Media Intervention

Curbing Parental Vaccine Hesitancy With Web-Based, Social Media Intervention

Providing pregnant women with web-based vaccine information with social media applications during pregnancy is linked to greater proportion of infants up-to-date with vaccination.

ACIP Votes in Favor of Newly Approved Shingles Vaccine

ACIP Votes in Favor of Newly Approved Shingles Vaccine

CDC's ACIP approves use of Shingrix, a zoster vaccine recombinant, adjuvanted, for the prevention of shingles.

Maternal Vaccination Reduces Pertussis Incidence in Infants

Maternal Vaccination Reduces Pertussis Incidence in Infants

In 2012, >48,000 pertussis cases were reported in the US, the largest number since the mid-1950s and waning immunity from acellular pertussis vaccination is a strong contributor.

Guidelines for Infection Prevention in Pediatric Ambulatory Settings Updated

Guidelines for Infection Prevention in Pediatric Ambulatory Settings Updated

Guidelines have been updated for infection prevention in pediatric ambulatory settings.

Guidelines for Preventing Infections in Adolescent Athletes

Guidelines for Preventing Infections in Adolescent Athletes

Many of the recommendations by sports organizations are more stringent than ordinary infection control practices for similar conditions.

Majority of US Measles Cases From Lack of Vaccination

Majority of US Measles Cases From Lack of Vaccination

Most measles cases in the United States occur in unvaccinated patients.

Antibiotic Prophylaxis After C-Section Reduces Surgical Site Infections

Antibiotic Prophylaxis After C-Section Reduces Surgical Site Infections

A study conducted at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center compares antibiotic prophylaxis treatment after cesarean section in 403 obese women.

Infant Vaccine Response Not Affected by Prenatal Biologic Therapy

Infant Vaccine Response Not Affected by Prenatal Biologic Therapy

Infant vaccination effectiveness against HiB and tetanus toxin does not appear to be affected by exposure to biologic therapy taken by mothers with IBD.

Are Prophylactic Antibiotics Before Dental Procedures Necessary to Prevent Infective Endocarditis?

Are Prophylactic Antibiotics Before Dental Procedures Necessary to Prevent Infective Endocarditis?

People with prosthetic heart valves may be more susceptible to oral streptococcal infective endocarditis following invasive dental procedures.

Clinic Visits, Costs Decreased by Rotavirus Vaccination in US Children

Clinic Visits, Costs Decreased by Rotavirus Vaccination in US Children

An analysis of the financial burden associated with rotavirus infection revealed a lower cost burden for children receiving complete and incomplete vaccination relative to completely unvaccinated children.

Otopathogen Prevalence Altered Since Pneumococcal Vaccine Introduction

Otopathogen Prevalence Altered Since Pneumococcal Vaccine Introduction

A new longitudinal study updates the epidemiology of acute otitis media in the decade after pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction.

Medical Vaccine Exemptions Increase Following California Elimination of Personal Belief Exemptions

Medical Vaccine Exemptions Increase Following California Elimination of Personal Belief Exemptions

Medical exemption can be obtained with a written letter from a licensed physician with an explanation of why vaccination would be unsafe.

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