Prevention

Clinic Visits, Costs Decreased by Rotavirus Vaccination in US Children

Clinic Visits, Costs Decreased by Rotavirus Vaccination in US Children

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An analysis of the financial burden associated with rotavirus infection revealed a lower cost burden for children receiving complete and incomplete vaccination relative to completely unvaccinated children.

Otopathogen Prevalence Altered Since Pneumococcal Vaccine Introduction

Otopathogen Prevalence Altered Since Pneumococcal Vaccine Introduction

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A new longitudinal study updates the epidemiology of acute otitis media in the decade after pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction.

Three-Part Strategy Announced for Hepatitis A Outbreak

Three-Part Strategy Announced for Hepatitis A Outbreak

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A 3-part strategy was announced to combat the hepatitis A outbreak in San Diego, California.

FDA: Tetanus and Diphtheria Vaccine Shortage Resolved

FDA: Tetanus and Diphtheria Vaccine Shortage Resolved

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The FDA has updated its list of resolved CBER-regulated product shortages to alert the public that the tetanus and diphteria vaccine shortage has been resolves.

CDC: HPV Vaccination Rate Improves in Teens

CDC: HPV Vaccination Rate Improves in Teens

About 60% of teens in the US received 1 or more HPV vaccines in 2016, but did not complete the series.

New CDC Guidelines for SSI Prevention Leave Unanswered Questions

New CDC Guidelines for SSI Prevention Leave Unanswered Questions

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The CDC Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee analyzed and extracted recommendations from 176 relevant studies between 1998 and 2014 for application in reducing surgical site infection.

HPV Vaccination Rates Lower Among Cancer Survivors

HPV Vaccination Rates Lower Among Cancer Survivors

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Human papillomavirus vaccine initiation rates are low among young cancer survivors.

WHO: 12.9 Million Infants Go Unvaccinated Worldwide

WHO: 12.9 Million Infants Go Unvaccinated Worldwide

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The World Health Organization reports that 12.9 million infants worldwide did not receive any vaccinations in 2016.

AAP: Hepatitis B Vaccine Should Be Given Within 24 Hours of Birth

AAP: Hepatitis B Vaccine Should Be Given Within 24 Hours of Birth

The first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine should be given within the first 24 hours of life.

Hepatitis B: Search for the Cure and Challenges That Remain

Hepatitis B: Search for the Cure and Challenges That Remain

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One of the main challenges in managing and controlling hepatitis B infection today is identifying people who are infected and ensuring that they have access to suitable treatment.

Chasing Serotype Replacement in Pneumococcal Pneumonia

Chasing Serotype Replacement in Pneumococcal Pneumonia

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Increasing rates of non-pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 13 serotypes of invasive pneumococcal disease present a new challenge to the global containment of the infection.

Rotavirus Vaccine Linked to Decrease In Pediatric Gastroenteritis Hospitalizations

Rotavirus Vaccine Linked to Decrease In Pediatric Gastroenteritis Hospitalizations

Implementation of rotavirus vaccination correlated with a reduction in acute gastroenteritis related hospitalization rates among children.

Recurrent UTI Vaccine Granted FDA Fast Track Designation

Recurrent UTI Vaccine Granted FDA Fast Track Designation

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FDA has granted Fast Track Designation to investigational vaccine for recurrent urinary track infection.

Stethoscope Hygiene Low Despite Guidelines

Stethoscope Hygiene Low Despite Guidelines

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Educating clinicians about the importance of stethoscope hygiene does not appear to increase the practice.

VZV-Related CAP Linked to Significant Mortality, Morbidity Rates

VZV-Related CAP Linked to Significant Mortality, Morbidity Rates

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Varicella-zoster virus-related community-acquired pneumonia can be linked to significant rates of morbidity and mortality in adults.

Second Dose of Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate Shows Enhanced Immunogenicity

Second Dose of Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate Shows Enhanced Immunogenicity

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A tetravalent dengue vaccine candidate (TDV) was found to be safe and immunogenic in an ongoing phase 2 trial. A second TDV dose induced enhanced immunogenicity against DENV-3 and DENV-4 in children who were seronegative before vaccination, supporting the initiation of phase 3 trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TDV given in a 2-dose schedule 3 months apart.

 Vaccination Hesitancy May Result in 3-Fold Increase Measles Cases

Vaccination Hesitancy May Result in 3-Fold Increase Measles Cases

Researchers determined that just a 5% drop in MMR vaccine coverage could triple the number of measles cases ever year.

CDC Update: Total Depletion of Yellow Fever Vaccine in US

CDC Update: Total Depletion of Yellow Fever Vaccine in US

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Sanofi Pasteur announced the total depletion of their stock of yellow fever vaccine YF-VAX.

Voluntary Recall of Meningitis Vaccine

Voluntary Recall of Meningitis Vaccine

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GlaxoSmithKline has initiated a voluntary recall of Menveo vaccine for meningitis for intramuscular injection.

Many Parents Unclear About Additional Vaccines Their Teen May Need

Many Parents Unclear About Additional Vaccines Their Teen May Need

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A new national poll suggests that many parents are unaware of when their child's next vaccine is required.

CMV Infection in Mothers and Infants: Diagnostic and Treatment Challenges

CMV Infection in Mothers and Infants: Diagnostic and Treatment Challenges

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Cytomeglovirus infection is associated with a range of diagnostic and treatment challenges and a relatively high transmission rate from the mother to the fetus.

Meningococcal B Vaccine Protective Against Gonorrhea

Meningococcal B Vaccine Protective Against Gonorrhea

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People who had been vaccinated with the MeNZB vaccine were less likely to have gonorrhea than people who weren't vaccinated.

Tuberculosis Vaccine May Reverse Type 1 Diabetes

Tuberculosis Vaccine May Reverse Type 1 Diabetes

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The vaccine bacillus Calmette-Guérin for tuberculosis may have the potential to reverse type 1 diabetes.

Progress Made in Global Containment of Poliovirus

Progress Made in Global Containment of Poliovirus

Progress has been made towards containing the poliovirus.

Clinician Communication Impacts Parental Decision-Making With Flu Vaccination

Clinician Communication Impacts Parental Decision-Making With Flu Vaccination

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Clinician communication in recommending influenza vaccination in children impacts parental vaccine decision-making.

Recombinant Influenza Vaccine Better Protects Elderly Patients

Recombinant Influenza Vaccine Better Protects Elderly Patients

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Flublok Quadrivalent, developed without the use of eggs, is a recombinant protein-based vaccine.

Cochrane Review: Vaccines Not Effective in Preventing the Common Cold

Cochrane Review: Vaccines Not Effective in Preventing the Common Cold

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A Cochrane Review has found no evidence to support using vaccines to prevent the common cold.

Maternal Antibodies Hinder Antigenic Responses to Vaccines in Infants

Maternal Antibodies Hinder Antigenic Responses to Vaccines in Infants

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Infant vaccine responses are affected by maternal antibody concentrations and infant age at first vaccination.

Breast-Feeding Profoundly Affects Infant Gut Microbiome Composition

Breast-Feeding Profoundly Affects Infant Gut Microbiome Composition

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Breast-feeding throughout the first year of infant's life was found to influence the bacterial composition and diversity of the infant gut microbiome in a dose-dependent manner.

Predictors of Parental Intent to Vaccinate Against HPV

Predictors of Parental Intent to Vaccinate Against HPV

Maternal education, Hispanic ethnicity, and provider recommendations are associated with parental intent to vaccinate adolescents against HPV.

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