Prevention

Tuberculosis Vaccine May Reverse Type 1 Diabetes

Tuberculosis Vaccine May Reverse Type 1 Diabetes

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The vaccine bacillus Calmette-Guérin for tuberculosis may have the potential to reverse type 1 diabetes.

Progress Made in Global Containment of Poliovirus

Progress Made in Global Containment of Poliovirus

Progress has been made towards containing the poliovirus.

Clinician Communication Impacts Parental Decision-Making With Flu Vaccination

Clinician Communication Impacts Parental Decision-Making With Flu Vaccination

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Clinician communication in recommending influenza vaccination in children impacts parental vaccine decision-making.

Recombinant Influenza Vaccine Better Protects Elderly Patients

Recombinant Influenza Vaccine Better Protects Elderly Patients

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Flublok Quadrivalent, developed without the use of eggs, is a recombinant protein-based vaccine.

Cochrane Review: Vaccines Not Effective in Preventing the Common Cold

Cochrane Review: Vaccines Not Effective in Preventing the Common Cold

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A Cochrane Review has found no evidence to support using vaccines to prevent the common cold.

Maternal Antibodies Hinder Antigenic Responses to Vaccines in Infants

Maternal Antibodies Hinder Antigenic Responses to Vaccines in Infants

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Infant vaccine responses are affected by maternal antibody concentrations and infant age at first vaccination.

Breast-Feeding Profoundly Affects Infant Gut Microbiome Composition

Breast-Feeding Profoundly Affects Infant Gut Microbiome Composition

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Breast-feeding throughout the first year of infant's life was found to influence the bacterial composition and diversity of the infant gut microbiome in a dose-dependent manner.

Predictors of Parental Intent to Vaccinate Against HPV

Predictors of Parental Intent to Vaccinate Against HPV

Maternal education, Hispanic ethnicity, and provider recommendations are associated with parental intent to vaccinate adolescents against HPV.

Updated Guidelines to MenB Vaccine Reflect More Dosing Options

Updated Guidelines to MenB Vaccine Reflect More Dosing Options

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The ACIP released updated guidelines to include recommendations for a newly approved 3-dose formulation of serogroup B meningococcal vaccine.

Hand Washing: Does Water Temperature Play a Role?

Hand Washing: Does Water Temperature Play a Role?

Time matters more than water temperature for effective hand washing.

New HPV Vaccination Recommendations Effective Against Genital Warts

New HPV Vaccination Recommendations Effective Against Genital Warts

Two rather than 3 doses of the human papillomavirus vaccine is enough to protect against genital warts in preteens and teens.

New Hope For Immunity Against Polio: An Effective, Reduced-Dose Vaccine

New Hope For Immunity Against Polio: An Effective, Reduced-Dose Vaccine

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Three new aluminum hydroxide adjuvanted, reduced-dose, inactivated polio vaccines (IPV-Al) were found to be noninferior to standard IPV in healthy infants age 6 weeks.

Reducing Unnecessary Antibiotic Use With Rapid Viral Testing

Reducing Unnecessary Antibiotic Use With Rapid Viral Testing

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Patients with acute respiratory illnesses receiving rapid point-of-care testing had a higher dose of antibiotics.

Oral HPV Risk Substantially Reduced With HPV Vaccine

Oral HPV Risk Substantially Reduced With HPV Vaccine

The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine offers a higher degree of protection in oral HPV infections.

Boosting Vaccination Rates Among the Elderly

Boosting Vaccination Rates Among the Elderly

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A survey presented at the American Academy of Physician Assistants says a healthcare providers vaccination recommendation for elderly patients is greater than media influence.

Oral Prophylactic Therapy Designated Breakthrough Therapy for CDI Prevention

Oral Prophylactic Therapy Designated Breakthrough Therapy for CDI Prevention

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The FDA granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to Synthetic Biologics' ribaxamase SYN-004 for Clostridium difficile infection prevention.

Low MMR Vaccination Rates in US Adult Travelers

Low MMR Vaccination Rates in US Adult Travelers

More than half of eligible traveling Americans don't get the measles, mumps, rubella vaccine.

PrEP in the Transgender Population: New Study to Examine Effects

PrEP in the Transgender Population: New Study to Examine Effects

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Dr Sara Gianella talks with Dr Sheldon Morris, from the University of California San Diego AntiViral Research Center about an upcoming PrEP study in transgender people, including understanding HIV prevention in this population, uptake of PrEP, and adherence to treatment.

Tenofovir During Pregnancy Prevents Prenatal Transmission of HBV

Tenofovir During Pregnancy Prevents Prenatal Transmission of HBV

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Women with a high hepatitis B viral load who receive tenofovir during pregnancy have a significantly reduced risk for passing on the virus to their child, without an increase in the risk of adverse events.

Cholera Vaccine Recommendations Issued by ACIP

Cholera Vaccine Recommendations Issued by ACIP

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Report provides new recommendations and guidance for vaccination providers and travelers about the use of lyophilized CVD 103-HgR (Vaxchora, PaxVax, Redwood City, California).

Pediatric Influenza Armamentarium Bolstered by New Investigational Vaccine

Pediatric Influenza Armamentarium Bolstered by New Investigational Vaccine

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Seqirus IIV4, an investigational quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine, was found to be noninferior to US-licensed comparator IIV4 in children aged 5 to 17 years.

Lyme and Other Tickborne Diseases: Tips for Prevention

Lyme and Other Tickborne Diseases: Tips for Prevention

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The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a toolkit to help individuals protect themselves from Lyme and other tickborne diseases.

Periodontal Disease and Rheumatoid Arthritis: What Are the Links?

Periodontal Disease and Rheumatoid Arthritis: What Are the Links?

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Bi-directional mechanisms linking periodontal disease to the development of rheumatoid arthritis may offer biomarkers for the development of RA and treatment objectives that influence the courses of both inflammatory conditions.

CDC: Ensuring a Continuous Yellow Fever Vaccine Supply in US

CDC: Ensuring a Continuous Yellow Fever Vaccine Supply in US

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Sanofi Pasteur submitted an investigational new drug application to the Food and Drug Administration of an alternative to the yellow fever vaccine, Stamaril, after recent shortages of YF-VAX.

EHR and Reporting Tools May Reduce Hospital-acquired Conditions

EHR and Reporting Tools May Reduce Hospital-acquired Conditions

The use of electronic health record (EHR) documentation has helped lower hospital-acquired conditions for inpatients.

Tdap Vaccine More Effective in Second Trimester of Pregnancy

Tdap Vaccine More Effective in Second Trimester of Pregnancy

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Maternal vaccination of tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) was found to be more effective in the second rather than the third trimester of pregnancy.

AAFP Hoping to Boost Adult Vaccination Rates With Educational Videos

AAFP Hoping to Boost Adult Vaccination Rates With Educational Videos

The American Academy of Family Physicians created 3 online videos to educate vaccine-hesitant, adult patients on the benefits of vaccination.

Pneumonia Rate in Children Decreased With PCV10 Vaccine

Pneumonia Rate in Children Decreased With PCV10 Vaccine

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The rate of pneumonia decreased with the introduction of the 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) in vaccine-eligible children and older, unvaccinated children.

Adolescent HPV Vaccination Rates Improve With Parental Self-Persuasion

Adolescent HPV Vaccination Rates Improve With Parental Self-Persuasion

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Self-persuasion method facilitates HPV vaccination better than external persuasion in low literacy, safety-net settings.

New Guideline on HPV Vaccine for Cervical Cancer Prevention

New Guideline on HPV Vaccine for Cervical Cancer Prevention

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The American Society of Clinical Oncology issued new recommendations based on 4 levels of resource settings on human papillomavirus vaccination for cervical cancer prevention.

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