Double-dose influenza vaccine is safe and may increase antibody response in solid-organ transplant recipients
Vitamin C was associated with lower mortality rates, shorter lengths of ICU stay, and shorter durations of vasopressor use in patients with sepsis.
As Xerava is a fully-synthetic fluorocycline antibacterial that is structurally similar to tetracyclines, treatment is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to tetracycline-class antibacterial drugs.
Daily prophylaxis with TMP-SMX was not associated with change in risk for skin and soft tissue or sino-pulmonary infections, or pharyngitis in children.
The burden of childhood and infant pneumonia can be effectively reduced through the use of the pneumococcal Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine.
Elderly patients who have been inoculated with the influenza vaccine and who also use a statin are at a greater risk for medically attended acute respiratory illness.
In acute ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, prophylactic antibiotics reduce the overall infection rate, but do not reduce the risk for pneumonia, death, or dependency.
Repeated exposure to the influenza virus affects antibody quantity and quality, and strains selected for seasonal vaccines may not provide coverage sufficient for individuals frequently infected and/or vaccinated.
Just over three-quarters of health care personnel received a flu vaccine last season.
US Food and Drug Administration approval of the Gardasil 9 HPV vaccine has been expanded to include people ages 27 through 45.
The test works by measuring levels of anti-cytolethal distending toxin B (CdtB) and anti-vinculin, 2 biomarkers of post-infectious IBS-D and IBS-M.
NasoVAX, an adenovirus-based intranasal flu vaccine, shows tolerability, safety, and higher cellular immune response compared to an injectable vaccine.
Women with high-risk human papillomavirus are at higher risk for developing cardiovascular disease than women without high-risk HPV
The approval was based on Phase 3 data from 2 studies in ABSSSI, where treatment with Nuzyra was compared with linezolid, and 1 study in CABP comparing Nuzyra with moxifloxacin. Across all 3 trials, Nuzyra was found to be effective and generally safe and well-tolerated.
For women at high risk for recurrence, increasing water intake can prevent recurrence.
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased risk for sepsis mortality in postmenopausal women, which was seen in all ages.
A recent report published in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice describes the case of a 75-year-old female patient who developed acquired hemophilia following levofloxacin administration.
WHO reports two cases of the deadly virus were confirmed near the border with Uganda.
These findings may highlight physician difficulty explaining to patients why antibiotics are not required.
2017 to 2018 flu strains affect the very young and elderly especially signifantly; poor vaccine/strain match-up
Pneumococcal vaccination rates in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus improved significantly after the implementation of a multifaceted intervention at a rheumatology practice.
A flexible, scalable intervention increases antiretroviral therapy and medication-assisted treatment use while reducing mortality in people who inject drugs.
The cobas CT/NG v2.0 test for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae performed well when tested for sensitivity and specificity.
Xpert MTB/RIF may be helpful for confirming a diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis and can accurately detect resistance to rifampicin.
A high level of population-wide immunity at the time the oral polio vaccine 2 was withdrawn has helped to enhance the disappearance of Sabin-2 vaccine poliovirus.
A 9-point risk assessment (IVAT) identified persons with a history of injection drug use (IDU) safe for discharge and reduced the mean length of hospital stay (ALOS) by 20 days and total direct cost by 33%.
From 2008 to 2015, both cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grades 2, 3 and adenocarcinoma in situ rates and cervical cancer screening declined in women age 18 to 24 years.
The use of corticosteroids in sepsis appears to modestly reduce the risk for death and modestly increase neuromuscular weakness but the evidence is not definitive.
High population immunity is an indicator of the decline in serotype 2 Sabin vaccine poliovirus after serotype 2 oral poliovirus vaccine withdrawal.
Bisexual females, 'not sure' males have higher prevalence of many sexual risk behaviors
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Infectious Disease Advisor Articles
- The Misuse of Antibiotics in Acute Pancreatitis Appears Widespread
- ART Reduces Neurocognitive Impairment in Patients Living With HIV
- Polio-Like Condition in Children on Rise in the United States
- Pneumococcal H Influenzae Protein D Conjugate Vaccine Effective in Children
- Mental Health Problems in Adolescents With HIV: Overview & Expert Interview
- Epidemiology of K pneumoniae Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae Infections in Children
- Social Support Important in Short-Term Care for Older Adults With HIV
- High-Dose Influenza Vaccination May Benefit Transplant Recipients
- Low-Dose Methotrexate: No Effect on Endothelial Function in Patients Treated for HIV
- Updated HCV Treatment Guidelines for 2018 Published by AASLD-IDSA