Prevention

Restricting Fluoroquinolone Use Helped With CDI Decline in England

Restricting Fluoroquinolone Use Helped With CDI Decline in England

The outbreak of Clostridium difficile in England that began in 2006 was curbed by reducing the use of fluoroquinolones, according to a study.

Respiratory Vaccination Reduces Heart Failure Outcomes

Respiratory Vaccination Reduces Heart Failure Outcomes

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Vaccination may be able to prevent significant morbidity and mortality associated with heart failure, according to a study.

Efficacy of Antibiotic Prescribing Interventions in Hospitals Assessed

Efficacy of Antibiotic Prescribing Interventions in Hospitals Assessed

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Interventions used to help physicians prescribe antibiotics properly were effective at raising compliance with antibiotic policy and decreasing the duration of treatment, according to a Cochrane review.

ACIP Issues 2017 Updated Immunization Schedule

ACIP Issues 2017 Updated Immunization Schedule

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The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has issued updated 2017 immunization schedules for for children, adolescents, and adults.

Intrapartum Azithromycin Decreases Maternal, Neonatal Infections

Intrapartum Azithromycin Decreases Maternal, Neonatal Infections

Azithromycin given to women in labor decreases infections in both women and newborns during the puerperal period.

AAP: Better Strategies Needed to Increase Adolescent Vaccination Rates

AAP: Better Strategies Needed to Increase Adolescent Vaccination Rates

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, HPV and influenza immunization rates remain well below the Healthy People 2020 goals.

Quadracel Vaccine Now Available in the US

Quadracel Vaccine Now Available in the US

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Quadracel was approved for active immunization against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and poliomyelitis in children aged 4 to 6 years old.

Strategies for Reducing Hospital-Acquired Infections

Strategies for Reducing Hospital-Acquired Infections

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Study finds that patients were 10% to 30% less likely to acquire a multidrug-resistant organism or C difficile if enhanced disinfection strategies were used in hospitals.

Improved Catheter Safety Measures Reduce Bloodstream Infections

Improved Catheter Safety Measures Reduce Bloodstream Infections

Interventions related to central venous catheters were, on average, associated with 57% fewer bloodstream infections and substantial savings to hospitals.

LAIV Safe in Children With Underlying Medical Conditions

LAIV Safe in Children With Underlying Medical Conditions

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A CDC study found no significant differences in risks of hospitalization following vaccination with LAIV in children who had underlying illnesses compared to healthy children.

Study Finds Single-Dose <i>S aureus</i> Vaccine Effective and Durable

Study Finds Single-Dose S aureus Vaccine Effective and Durable

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A 4-antigen vaccine for Staphylococcus aureus disease demonstrates robust functional immune responses durable through month 12.

Blood Test May Determine Chance of Surviving Ebola Infection

Blood Test May Determine Chance of Surviving Ebola Infection

Changes in messenger RNA abundance proved to be a reliable means of predicting patient's chances of surviving Ebola virus disease.

Diet and Exercise Reduces Portal Pressure in Patients With Cirrhosis

Diet and Exercise Reduces Portal Pressure in Patients With Cirrhosis

In overweight/obese patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension, a 16-weeks of diet and moderate exercise were safe and reduced body weight and portal pressure.

How Effective is the Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine Over Time?

How Effective is the Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine Over Time?

Vaccine efficiency began decreasing as soon as 1-year post-vaccination.

Counseling HIV-Serodiscordant Couples: Key ART and PrEP Messages

Counseling HIV-Serodiscordant Couples: Key ART and PrEP Messages

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Standardized counseling messages accompanying ART and PrEP help maximize HIV prevention in HIV-serodiscordant couples.

Stribild HIV Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Brings Higher Completion Rate

Stribild HIV Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Brings Higher Completion Rate

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HIV PEP preferred regimen Stribild seems to be a good option for immunocompetent people without HIV infection due to the ease of use and tolerable adverse effect profile.

Lidocaine Provides Consistent Pain Relief in Infant Vaccination

Lidocaine Provides Consistent Pain Relief in Infant Vaccination

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In a randomized controlled trial, researchers found that liposomal lidocaine provided consistent analgesia during infant vaccination.

Dapivirine Vaginal Ring Efficacious in Preventing HIV-1 Infection

Dapivirine Vaginal Ring Efficacious in Preventing HIV-1 Infection

Phase 3 trial involving women from sub-Saharan Africa finds the dapivirine ring effective in preventing HIV-1 infection without any safety concerns.

CDC: Use of Needle Exchange Programs Up But Concerns Remain

CDC: Use of Needle Exchange Programs Up But Concerns Remain

Significant increase in the use of needle exchange programs in the US, but injection drug users don't always use sterile needles.

Lean Six Sigma Helps to Reduce Health Care-Associated Infections

Lean Six Sigma Helps to Reduce Health Care-Associated Infections

Among patients undergoing surgical procedures, using the Lean Six Sigma methodology can reduce the risk of health care-associated infections.

Unvaccinated Adults Create Considerable Economic Burden With Preventable Diseases

Unvaccinated Adults Create Considerable Economic Burden With Preventable Diseases

The economic burden is estimated to be nearly $9 billion.

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