Prevention

Inappropriate Antibiotic Use for Acute Bronchitis Highest in Younger Adults

Inappropriate Antibiotic Use for Acute Bronchitis Highest in Younger Adults

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The adult population is a key target of antibiotic stewardship efforts for acute bronchitis, since over half of unnecessary prescribing for bronchitis occurs in adult patients.

Preventing HCV Transmission: Utility of Needle/Syringe Programs

Preventing HCV Transmission: Utility of Needle/Syringe Programs

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Needle/syringe programs (NSPs) have proven to be effective and moderately effective in preventing transmission of HCV infection and minimizing drug-related harms among people who inject drugs in Europe and North America, respectively.

Primary HPV Testing Recommendation Among US Physicians

Primary HPV Testing Recommendation Among US Physicians

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Many US physicians recommended primary HPV testing for women of all ages, contrary to guidelines which limit this screening approach to women ≥25 years old.

CDC Updates Guidelines for Seasonal Influenza Vaccines

CDC Updates Guidelines for Seasonal Influenza Vaccines

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For the 2017-18 season, quadrivalent and trivalent influenza vaccines will be available; live attenuated influenza vaccine is not recommended for use.

FDA Approves Letermovir for Treatment and Prevention of CMV

FDA Approves Letermovir for Treatment and Prevention of CMV

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The FDA has approved letermovir for the treatment and prevention of cytomegalovirus.

Curbing Parental Vaccine Hesitancy With Web-Based, Social Media Intervention

Curbing Parental Vaccine Hesitancy With Web-Based, Social Media Intervention

Providing pregnant women with web-based vaccine information with social media applications during pregnancy is linked to greater proportion of infants up-to-date with vaccination.

Oral Tablet Influenza Vaccine Shows Promising Results

Oral Tablet Influenza Vaccine Shows Promising Results

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An investigational H1 influenza oral tablet vaccine provides similar protection against influenza as an injectable vaccine.

Adolescents at Risk for HIV Should Be Offered PrEP

Adolescents at Risk for HIV Should Be Offered PrEP

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Experts discuss new findings supporting the need for PrEP in adolescents and discuss the continued debate surrounding parental consent and other relevant issues.

CDC Contraception Recommendations Updated for Women at Risk for HIV

CDC Contraception Recommendations Updated for Women at Risk for HIV

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Women should not be denied the use of progestin-only injectables because of concerns about the possible increased risk of acquiring HIV.

Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine Protective Against Oral <i>Salmonella</i> Typhi Challenge

Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine Protective Against Oral Salmonella Typhi Challenge

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Investigators review results from the first study to assess the efficacy of a Vi-conjugate vaccine using a controlled human infection model of typhoid fever.

ACIP Votes in Favor of Newly Approved Shingles Vaccine

ACIP Votes in Favor of Newly Approved Shingles Vaccine

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CDC's ACIP approves use of Shingrix, a zoster vaccine recombinant, adjuvanted, for the prevention of shingles.

Maternal Vaccination Reduces Pertussis Incidence in Infants

Maternal Vaccination Reduces Pertussis Incidence in Infants

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In 2012, >48,000 pertussis cases were reported in the US, the largest number since the mid-1950s and waning immunity from acellular pertussis vaccination is a strong contributor.

Guidelines for Infection Prevention in Pediatric Ambulatory Settings Updated

Guidelines for Infection Prevention in Pediatric Ambulatory Settings Updated

Guidelines have been updated for infection prevention in pediatric ambulatory settings.

Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Effect on Condom Use, STI Acquisition

Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Effect on Condom Use, STI Acquisition

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Varying risk perception, partner discordance in condom preference, and intermittent or partner-specific condom use make accurate assessment of condom use difficult.

Guidelines for Preventing Infections in Adolescent Athletes

Guidelines for Preventing Infections in Adolescent Athletes

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Many of the recommendations by sports organizations are more stringent than ordinary infection control practices for similar conditions.

Majority of US Measles Cases From Lack of Vaccination

Majority of US Measles Cases From Lack of Vaccination

Most measles cases in the United States occur in unvaccinated patients.

Antibiotic Prophylaxis After C-Section Reduces Surgical Site Infections

Antibiotic Prophylaxis After C-Section Reduces Surgical Site Infections

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A study conducted at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center compares antibiotic prophylaxis treatment after cesarean section in 403 obese women.

Influenza Vaccination Crucial for Elderly Patients

Influenza Vaccination Crucial for Elderly Patients

The NFID urges those 65 and older to receive their annual influenza vaccination to protect against the flu.

Infant Vaccine Response Not Affected by Prenatal Biologic Therapy

Infant Vaccine Response Not Affected by Prenatal Biologic Therapy

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Infant vaccination effectiveness against HiB and tetanus toxin does not appear to be affected by exposure to biologic therapy taken by mothers with IBD.

CDC Reports Condom Use Up in US Single Men

CDC Reports Condom Use Up in US Single Men

About 6 in 10 sexually active single men in the United States are taking responsibility for birth control.

Influenza Vaccination Among Health Care Personnel Reviewed

Influenza Vaccination Among Health Care Personnel Reviewed

Only 78% of health care personnel and only 53.6% of pregnant women received influenza vaccination during the 2016-2017 influenza season.

Recurrent Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis in Women: Examining the Efficacy of Preventive Hydration

Recurrent Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis in Women: Examining the Efficacy of Preventive Hydration

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Data to support hydration as a preventive measure for women with recurrent acute uncomplicated cystitis are sparse.

HSV-2 Infection May Increase Risk of HIV Acquisition

HSV-2 Infection May Increase Risk of HIV Acquisition

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A systematic review analyzed whether infection with HSV-2 increases risk of HIV acquisition.

Are Prophylactic Antibiotics Before Dental Procedures Necessary to Prevent Infective Endocarditis?

Are Prophylactic Antibiotics Before Dental Procedures Necessary to Prevent Infective Endocarditis?

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People with prosthetic heart valves may be more susceptible to oral streptococcal infective endocarditis following invasive dental procedures.

Herpes Zoster Risk Greatly Increased in Psoriasis

Herpes Zoster Risk Greatly Increased in Psoriasis

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An increased risk of herpes zoster was found in women, elderly patients, and patients with psoriasis.

HIV Risk Behaviors More Prominent in Women With Mental Disorders

HIV Risk Behaviors More Prominent in Women With Mental Disorders

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Women with a mental disorder, specifically characteristics of antisocial personality disorder and borderline personality disorder, are more sexually active than their male counterparts.

Clinic Visits, Costs Decreased by Rotavirus Vaccination in US Children

Clinic Visits, Costs Decreased by Rotavirus Vaccination in US Children

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An analysis of the financial burden associated with rotavirus infection revealed a lower cost burden for children receiving complete and incomplete vaccination relative to completely unvaccinated children.

Otopathogen Prevalence Altered Since Pneumococcal Vaccine Introduction

Otopathogen Prevalence Altered Since Pneumococcal Vaccine Introduction

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A new longitudinal study updates the epidemiology of acute otitis media in the decade after pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction.

Three-Part Strategy Announced for Hepatitis A Outbreak

Three-Part Strategy Announced for Hepatitis A Outbreak

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A 3-part strategy was announced to combat the hepatitis A outbreak in San Diego, California.

FDA: Tetanus and Diphtheria Vaccine Shortage Resolved

FDA: Tetanus and Diphtheria Vaccine Shortage Resolved

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The FDA has updated its list of resolved CBER-regulated product shortages to alert the public that the tetanus and diphteria vaccine shortage has been resolves.

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