Respiratory

Feature Article

Maternal Tdap Vaccination Highly Protective Against Infant Pertussis

Maternal Tdap Vaccination Highly Protective Against Infant Pertussis

Maternal Tdap vaccination was found to be highly protective against pertussis in newborns.

The relative risk for healthcare-associated infections has decreased in the last 15 years due to improvements in awareness of risk associated with devices, infection control, and evidence-based practice regarding use of devices.

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Respiratory Infections May Trigger Acute Myocardial Infarction

Respiratory Infections May Trigger Acute Myocardial Infarction

Risk of acute myocardial infarction is 17 times higher after respiratory infection.

Antibiotic Prescribing Habits Higher in Seniors With Acute Upper RTI

Antibiotic Prescribing Habits Higher in Seniors With Acute Upper RTI

Elderly patients with a nonbacterial acute upper respiratory tract infection are more likely to be prescribed antibiotics.

Does Sepsis Risk Increase With Short-term Oral Corticosteroid Use?

Does Sepsis Risk Increase With Short-term Oral Corticosteroid Use?

An increased risk in sepsis was linked to short-term oral corticosteroid use.

Early Antibiotic Use Associated With Asthma Risk in Children

Early Antibiotic Use Associated With Asthma Risk in Children

Evidence shows that antibiotic use before age 3 years is associated with asthma risk but not with asthma exacerbations in later childhood.

Detecting TB With Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

Detecting TB With Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

Deep learning with deep convolutional neural networks can accurately detect tuberculosis on chest radiographs.

Tuberculosis Increases Risk of Osteoporosis, Osteoporotic Fractures

Tuberculosis Increases Risk of Osteoporosis, Osteoporotic Fractures

Patients with a history of tuberculosis are at risk for developing osteoporosis or osteoporotic fractures.

Tdap Vaccine More Effective in Second Trimester of Pregnancy

Tdap Vaccine More Effective in Second Trimester of Pregnancy

Maternal vaccination of tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) was found to be more effective in the second rather than the third trimester of pregnancy.

Pediatric Bronchiolitis Improved With High-Flow Warm Humidified Oxygen

Pediatric Bronchiolitis Improved With High-Flow Warm Humidified Oxygen

The first RCT of high-flow warm humidified oxygen (HFWHO) compared to low-flow cold cannula oxygen showed HFWHO was safe and more effective when used after failed standard therapy.

Interrupting Transmission of Tuberculosis Key to Containing Global Epidemic

Interrupting Transmission of Tuberculosis Key to Containing Global Epidemic

Interrupting the transmission of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis is the most important factor in curtailing the epidemic areas of high disease burden.

NIH: Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine Testing Begins

NIH: Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine Testing Begins

At this time, no vaccine to prevent or drug to treat respiratory syncytial virus infection is available.

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