Respiratory

Feature Article

Update on Latent Tuberculosis Testing and Treatment

Update on Latent Tuberculosis Testing and Treatment

A representative from the California Department of Public Health discusses latent TB infection testing and treatment recommendations and reasons why US physicians have been slow to test for and treat for the condition.

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Update to Pulmonary Tuberculosis Screening Recommendations

Update to Pulmonary Tuberculosis Screening Recommendations

Report updated the 2006 American College of Chest Physicians clinical practice guideline for cough due to TB and other chronic infections.

Acute RTI in Children: Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics

Acute RTI in Children: Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics

Broad-spectrum antibiotics are not associated with better clinical or patient-centered outcomes compared with narrow-spectrum antibiotics in pediatric acute RTI.

Primary Prophylaxis Reduces Pneumocystis Pneumonia in Rheumatic Disease

Primary Prophylaxis Reduces Pneumocystis Pneumonia in Rheumatic Disease

Prolonged treatment with high-dose steroids is a significant risk factor for pneumocystis pneumonia in patients with hematologic malignancies, solid organ transplants, and rheumatic diseases.

Reduced Rate of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia With Nebulized Antibiotics

Reduced Rate of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia With Nebulized Antibiotics

Prophylactic antibiotics delivered by nebulization in patients who were mechanically ventilated reduced the rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia

Likelihood of Self-Administered Treatment Completion for Latent TB

Likelihood of Self-Administered Treatment Completion for Latent TB

The iAdhere study found that once-weekly self-administration of isoniazid and rifapentine had high treatment completion rates in the United States, Hong Kong, Spain, and South Africa.

Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis to Increase in 4 High-Burden Countries

Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis to Increase in 4 High-Burden Countries

Additional strategies to prevent transmission will be necessary to stop multidrug-resistant (MDR) or extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis in countries with a high burden of MDR tuberculosis.

Preterm Infants at Higher Risk for RSV Hospitalization Following 2014 Guidance

Preterm Infants at Higher Risk for RSV Hospitalization Following 2014 Guidance

New data shows a higher risk of respiratory syncytial virus hospitalization for preterm infants during the 2015-2016 season vs data from the previous season.

Metformin Reduces Mortality During Tuberculosis Therapy

Metformin Reduces Mortality During Tuberculosis Therapy

Researchers assess all-cause mortality during tuberculosis treatment in patients with diabetes, the use of metformin, and effect sputum culture-conversion rates.

Risk for TB Infection Predicted by New Scoring System

Risk for TB Infection Predicted by New Scoring System

This new risk score may guide the identification of high-risk people who would benefit from preventative measures.

Labored Breathing, Hypoxemia May Indicate Pneumonia in Children

Labored Breathing, Hypoxemia May Indicate Pneumonia in Children

Difficulty breathing and hypoxemia may be a better indication of pneumonia in children.

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