Respiratory

Respiratory Infections, Repeat Surgeries Up SSI Risk in Total Joint Arthroplasty

Respiratory Infections, Repeat Surgeries Up SSI Risk in Total Joint Arthroplasty

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Total knee arthroplasty is more commonly linked to surgical site infection compared to total hip arthroplasty.

Metformin Reduces Mortality During Tuberculosis Therapy

Metformin Reduces Mortality During Tuberculosis Therapy

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Researchers assess all-cause mortality during tuberculosis treatment in patients with diabetes, the use of metformin, and effect sputum culture-conversion rates.

Accuracy of Negative Tuberculin Skin Test in Predicting In-Hospital Tuberculosis  Mortality

Accuracy of Negative Tuberculin Skin Test in Predicting In-Hospital Tuberculosis Mortality

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The relationship between negative tuberculin skin test and in-hospital mortality has not been previously studied.

Efficacy of Delafloxacin in Treating Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia

Efficacy of Delafloxacin in Treating Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia

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The efficacy of delafloxacin in treating Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilius influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis isolates was examined.

Risk for TB Infection Predicted by New Scoring System

Risk for TB Infection Predicted by New Scoring System

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This new risk score may guide the identification of high-risk people who would benefit from preventative measures.

Labored Breathing, Hypoxemia May Indicate Pneumonia in Children

Labored Breathing, Hypoxemia May Indicate Pneumonia in Children

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Difficulty breathing and hypoxemia may be a better indication of pneumonia in children.

High-Dose Vitamin D Does Not Prevent Pediatric Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

High-Dose Vitamin D Does Not Prevent Pediatric Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

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High-dose vitamin D supplements do not prevent viral upper respiratory tract infections in young children.

Increased CVD Risk Persists for Years After Treatment for Sepsis or Pneumonia

Increased CVD Risk Persists for Years After Treatment for Sepsis or Pneumonia

Cardiovascular disease risks persist for years after sepsis or pneumonia.

Influenza Vaccine's Effectiveness Following Repeated Vaccination

Influenza Vaccine's Effectiveness Following Repeated Vaccination

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Influenza vaccination is recommended annually because of antigenic drift, which warrants the change of influenza vaccine on a year-to-year basis.

Microbiome Diversity in Respiratory Tract Linked to Airway Inflammation

Microbiome Diversity in Respiratory Tract Linked to Airway Inflammation

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Lower microbial diversity in the respiratory tract was linked with prophylactic antibiotic use and less airway inflammation in cystic fibrosis.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Treatment Development Discontinued

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Treatment Development Discontinued

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Regeneron discontinued further development of suptavumab for respiratory syncytial virus.

Time to Sputum Culture Conversion Similar in Isoniazid-Resistant and Susceptible TB

Time to Sputum Culture Conversion Similar in Isoniazid-Resistant and Susceptible TB

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A new study examined whether isoniazid resistance was associated with variations in treatment outcomes in patients receiving standard first-line pharmacotherapy for TB.

Guaifenesin/Pseudoephedrine May Reduce Antibiotic Rx for Acute URTI

Guaifenesin/Pseudoephedrine May Reduce Antibiotic Rx for Acute URTI

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A 'wait-and-see' approach may reduce the number of inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions for acute upper respiratory tract infections.

Tuberculosis Detection Could Improve With Conversion Value Change

Tuberculosis Detection Could Improve With Conversion Value Change

A change of QuantiFERON-TB interferon (IFN)γ values could improve tuberculosis detection.

Azithromycin Prevents COPD Exacerbations in <i>H Pylori</i> Seropositive Patients

Azithromycin Prevents COPD Exacerbations in H Pylori Seropositive Patients

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Azithromycin is more likely to reduce exacerbations of COPD among patients with antibodies against Helicobacter pylori.

<i>M tuberculosis</i> Disrupts Regulatory Macrophage Pathways Driving Immunopathology

M tuberculosis Disrupts Regulatory Macrophage Pathways Driving Immunopathology

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis engages the host immune response to drive immunopathology and tissue destruction by disrupting negative regulatory pathways in human macrophages.

Update on Safe, Effective Treatments for Latent Tuberculosis Infection

Update on Safe, Effective Treatments for Latent Tuberculosis Infection

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A recent update of a meta-analysis evaluating treatments for latent tuberculosis infection found that several regimens, including those with a low pill burden and short duration, were safe and effective.

Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy Reduces Infant Risk for Acute Lower Respiratory Infection

Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy Reduces Infant Risk for Acute Lower Respiratory Infection

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Influenza vaccination during pregnancy decreases infant hospitalizations for all-cause acute lower respiratory tract infection during the first 3 months of life.

VZV-Related CAP Linked to Significant Mortality, Morbidity Rates

VZV-Related CAP Linked to Significant Mortality, Morbidity Rates

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Varicella-zoster virus-related community-acquired pneumonia can be linked to significant rates of morbidity and mortality in adults.

Challenges in Managing Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

Challenges in Managing Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

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Diagnosis is one of the primary difficulties in managing hospital acquired pneumonia.

Improving QoL in Patients With Bronchiectasis and <i>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</i>

Improving QoL in Patients With Bronchiectasis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

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High-doses of atorvastatin reduced inflammation and improved health-related quality of life in patients with bronchiectasis.

Mortality From ARDS Lower in High-Volume ICUs

Mortality From ARDS Lower in High-Volume ICUs

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Patients admitted to high-volume intensive care units with acute respiratory distress syndrome were likely to experience a shorter hospital stay and lower mortality rate.

Mortality in MDR TB Decreases With Directly Observed Therapy

Mortality in MDR TB Decreases With Directly Observed Therapy

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A decrease in all-cause mortality associated with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) can be correlated with an increase in directly observed therapy.

Reduced Incidence of Sepsis in Patients With Asthma

Reduced Incidence of Sepsis in Patients With Asthma

Asthma patients with infections have a reduced risk of developing sepsis.

Cochrane Review: Vaccines Not Effective in Preventing the Common Cold

Cochrane Review: Vaccines Not Effective in Preventing the Common Cold

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A Cochrane Review has found no evidence to support using vaccines to prevent the common cold.

Preadmission Corticosteroids Lower ARDS Risk in Patients With Sepsis

Preadmission Corticosteroids Lower ARDS Risk in Patients With Sepsis

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Retrospective study analyzes whether preadmission oral corticosteroids might lower ARDS risk in patients admitted to the ICU.

Viral ARIs May Lead to Wheezing in Infants Through Oxidative Stress

Viral ARIs May Lead to Wheezing in Infants Through Oxidative Stress

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Oxidative stress after viral acute respiratory infections in the first year of life may increase the risk of recurrent wheezing in early childhood.

Respiratory Infections May Trigger Acute Myocardial Infarction

Respiratory Infections May Trigger Acute Myocardial Infarction

Risk of acute myocardial infarction is 17 times higher after respiratory infection.

Antibiotic Prescribing Habits Higher in Seniors With Acute Upper RTI

Antibiotic Prescribing Habits Higher in Seniors With Acute Upper RTI

Elderly patients with a nonbacterial acute upper respiratory tract infection are more likely to be prescribed antibiotics.

Higher Risk for Pneumonia in HIV Does Not Mean Worse Outcomes

Higher Risk for Pneumonia in HIV Does Not Mean Worse Outcomes

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A Barcelona study found that patients with HIV required no special treatment for pneumonia compared with healthy individuals.

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