Prolonged treatment with high-dose steroids is a significant risk factor for pneumocystis pneumonia in patients with hematologic malignancies, solid organ transplants, and rheumatic diseases.
SMS reminders are moderately effective in increasing the amount of people receiving the influenza vaccine.
Prophylactic antibiotics delivered by nebulization in patients who were mechanically ventilated reduced the rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia
Incidence of juvenile-onset respiratory papillomatosis declined with the introduction of a HPV vaccination program.
The iAdhere study found that once-weekly self-administration of isoniazid and rifapentine had high treatment completion rates in the United States, Hong Kong, Spain, and South Africa.
Three cases of community-acquired pneumonia involving Chlamydia caviae after exposure to ill guinea pigs have been described
Additional strategies to prevent transmission will be necessary to stop multidrug-resistant (MDR) or extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis in countries with a high burden of MDR tuberculosis.
Diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis is challenging, although new, next-generation rapid POC testing holds promise for greatly improved sensitivity. Shorter and more effective treatments are needed.
New data shows a higher risk of respiratory syncytial virus hospitalization for preterm infants during the 2015-2016 season vs data from the previous season.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is associated with long-term risk of pneumonia in a younger population of patients treated with PPIs.
Researchers concluded that risk of ICU acquired Gram-negative bacteria was low in mechanically ventilated patients receiving selective digestive tract decontamination.
The FDA has granted priority review for Avycaz (ceftazidime/avibactam) to expand the current indications.
Isoniazid-rifapentine regimen sees high completion rates for latent tuberculosis infection.
Total knee arthroplasty is more commonly linked to surgical site infection compared to total hip arthroplasty.
Researchers assess all-cause mortality during tuberculosis treatment in patients with diabetes, the use of metformin, and effect sputum culture-conversion rates.
The relationship between negative tuberculin skin test and in-hospital mortality has not been previously studied.
The efficacy of delafloxacin in treating Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilius influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis isolates was examined.
This new risk score may guide the identification of high-risk people who would benefit from preventative measures.
Difficulty breathing and hypoxemia may be a better indication of pneumonia in children.
High-dose vitamin D supplements do not prevent viral upper respiratory tract infections in young children.
Cardiovascular disease risks persist for years after sepsis or pneumonia.
Influenza vaccination is recommended annually because of antigenic drift, which warrants the change of influenza vaccine on a year-to-year basis.
Lower microbial diversity in the respiratory tract was linked with prophylactic antibiotic use and less airway inflammation in cystic fibrosis.
Regeneron discontinued further development of suptavumab for respiratory syncytial virus.
A new study examined whether isoniazid resistance was associated with variations in treatment outcomes in patients receiving standard first-line pharmacotherapy for TB.
A 'wait-and-see' approach may reduce the number of inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions for acute upper respiratory tract infections.
A change of QuantiFERON-TB interferon (IFN)γ values could improve tuberculosis detection.
Azithromycin is more likely to reduce exacerbations of COPD among patients with antibodies against Helicobacter pylori.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis engages the host immune response to drive immunopathology and tissue destruction by disrupting negative regulatory pathways in human macrophages.
A recent update of a meta-analysis evaluating treatments for latent tuberculosis infection found that several regimens, including those with a low pill burden and short duration, were safe and effective.
Sign Up for Free e-newsletters
Infectious Disease Advisor Articles
- Climate Change: Effects on the Incidence and Distribution of Infectious Diseases
- Improving Campaigns Regarding the Value of Adult Vaccines
- Seminal HPV Infection Prevalent Worldwide, May Affect Male Fertility
- Pausing ART to Identify Biomarkers for HIV RNA Rebound: Safety and Ethical Considerations
- MicroRNAs in Infectious Disease: Emerging Clinical Applications
- Efficacy of Direct-Acting Antivirals for HCV Clearance in Older Adults
- SVR Achieved With Sofosbuvir, Grazoprevir/Elbasvir Plus Ribavirin in HCV
- First Oral Smallpox Treatment Submitted to FDA for NDA
- Trends in Meningococcal Disease Following MenACWY Vaccine Introduction
- Clinician Accuracy Evaluated for Lyme Disease