Respiratory

Preadmission Corticosteroids Lower ARDS Risk in Patients With Sepsis

Preadmission Corticosteroids Lower ARDS Risk in Patients With Sepsis

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Retrospective study analyzes whether preadmission oral corticosteroids might lower ARDS risk in patients admitted to the ICU.

Viral ARIs May Lead to Wheezing in Infants Through Oxidative Stress

Viral ARIs May Lead to Wheezing in Infants Through Oxidative Stress

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Oxidative stress after viral acute respiratory infections in the first year of life may increase the risk of recurrent wheezing in early childhood.

Respiratory Infections May Trigger Acute Myocardial Infarction

Respiratory Infections May Trigger Acute Myocardial Infarction

Risk of acute myocardial infarction is 17 times higher after respiratory infection.

Antibiotic Prescribing Habits Higher in Seniors With Acute Upper RTI

Antibiotic Prescribing Habits Higher in Seniors With Acute Upper RTI

Elderly patients with a nonbacterial acute upper respiratory tract infection are more likely to be prescribed antibiotics.

Higher Risk for Pneumonia in HIV Does Not Mean Worse Outcomes

Higher Risk for Pneumonia in HIV Does Not Mean Worse Outcomes

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A Barcelona study found that patients with HIV required no special treatment for pneumonia compared with healthy individuals.

Does Sepsis Risk Increase With Short-term Oral Corticosteroid Use?

Does Sepsis Risk Increase With Short-term Oral Corticosteroid Use?

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An increased risk in sepsis was linked to short-term oral corticosteroid use.

Early Antibiotic Use Associated With Asthma Risk in Children

Early Antibiotic Use Associated With Asthma Risk in Children

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Evidence shows that antibiotic use before age 3 years is associated with asthma risk but not with asthma exacerbations in later childhood.

Detecting TB With Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

Detecting TB With Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

Deep learning with deep convolutional neural networks can accurately detect tuberculosis on chest radiographs.

AATS: Guidelines for Empyema Management Released

AATS: Guidelines for Empyema Management Released

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The American Association for Thoracic Surgery has release guidelines on the treatment of empyema from complications of pneumonia.

Tuberculosis Increases Risk of Osteoporosis, Osteoporotic Fractures

Tuberculosis Increases Risk of Osteoporosis, Osteoporotic Fractures

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Patients with a history of tuberculosis are at risk for developing osteoporosis or osteoporotic fractures.

Tdap Vaccine More Effective in Second Trimester of Pregnancy

Tdap Vaccine More Effective in Second Trimester of Pregnancy

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Maternal vaccination of tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) was found to be more effective in the second rather than the third trimester of pregnancy.

Higher Risk of Community-Acquired Pneumonia With Certain T2D Drugs

Higher Risk of Community-Acquired Pneumonia With Certain T2D Drugs

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Patients with type 2 diabetes may be at greater risk of developing community-acquired pneumonia when using thiazolidinediones with metformin compared to treatment with a sulfonylurea and metformin.

Higher Risk of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in Certain Populations

Higher Risk of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in Certain Populations

Individuals with certain occupations or in certain populations may be more at risk of fatality from hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.

Benzodiazepine Use Increases Pneumonia Risk in Alzheimer Disease

Benzodiazepine Use Increases Pneumonia Risk in Alzheimer Disease

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Risk for pneumonia should be considered when weighing the benefits and risks of benzodiazepines in patients with Alzheimer disease.

New Antibiotic Therapy Improves Acute Lung Function in Children With CF

New Antibiotic Therapy Improves Acute Lung Function in Children With CF

New antibiotic therapy is associated with greater likelihood of recovery after acute lung function decline in children with cystic fibrosis.

Treatment of CAP: Phase 3 Results of Novel Tetracycline

Treatment of CAP: Phase 3 Results of Novel Tetracycline

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Paratek announced positive outcomes for their phase 3 trial of omadacycline for treating community-acquired bacterial pneumonia.

Vaccination Reduces Influenza-associated Death in Children and Adolescents

Vaccination Reduces Influenza-associated Death in Children and Adolescents

Vaccination reduces influenza-associated death in children with overall effectiveness of 65%.

Maternal Tdap Vaccination Highly Protective Against Infant Pertussis

Maternal Tdap Vaccination Highly Protective Against Infant Pertussis

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Maternal Tdap vaccination was found to be highly protective against pertussis in newborns.

Pediatric Bronchiolitis Improved With High-Flow Warm Humidified Oxygen

Pediatric Bronchiolitis Improved With High-Flow Warm Humidified Oxygen

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The first RCT of high-flow warm humidified oxygen (HFWHO) compared to low-flow cold cannula oxygen showed HFWHO was safe and more effective when used after failed standard therapy.

Pneumonia Risk in Dementia Increases With Proton Pump Inhibitor Use

Pneumonia Risk in Dementia Increases With Proton Pump Inhibitor Use

Age, male gender, underlying cerebrovascular disease, chronic pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, diabetes mellitus, and usage of antipsychotics were independent risk factors of pneumonia among dementia patients with PPI usage.

High Cardiac Troponin Levels Predict Mortality in CAP

High Cardiac Troponin Levels Predict Mortality in CAP

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Elevated cardiac troponin levels were highly predictive of both in-hospital and long-term mortality in patients admitted for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

Rhinovirus Pneumonia Increases Mortality in Stem Cell Transplant Recipients

Rhinovirus Pneumonia Increases Mortality in Stem Cell Transplant Recipients

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Rhinovirus detection in the lower respiratory tract had high mortality rates comparable to viral pneumonia associated with other well-established respiratory viruses.

Antibiotic Prescribing Habits Vary Widely Across Practices in Children With CAP

Antibiotic Prescribing Habits Vary Widely Across Practices in Children With CAP

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Although published guidelines recommend amoxicillin in most children with community-acquired pneumonia, due to nonclinical factors, macrolides and broad-spectrum antibiotics continue to be prescribed.

Interrupting Transmission of Tuberculosis Key to Containing Global Epidemic

Interrupting Transmission of Tuberculosis Key to Containing Global Epidemic

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Interrupting the transmission of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis is the most important factor in curtailing the epidemic areas of high disease burden.

Decrease in Pneumococcal Bacteremia With Routine PCV13 Vaccine

Decrease in Pneumococcal Bacteremia With Routine PCV13 Vaccine

Researchers observed a 95.3% reduction of S pneumoniae bacteremia after implementation of routine immunization with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

NIH: Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine Testing Begins

NIH: Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine Testing Begins

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At this time, no vaccine to prevent or drug to treat respiratory syncytial virus infection is available.

Acute Respiratory Infections Reduced in Patients Receiving GERD Treatment

Acute Respiratory Infections Reduced in Patients Receiving GERD Treatment

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First study to examine the benefit of treating GERD with proton pump inhibitors in reducing the acute respiratory infections complications.

Safety and Efficacy of Intravenous Zanamivir in Severe Influenza

Safety and Efficacy of Intravenous Zanamivir in Severe Influenza

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Intravenous zanamivir is as safe and efficacious as oral oseltamivir in hospitalized patients with severe influenza.

Inhaled Corticosteroids Does Not Increase Pneumonia Risk in Children With Asthma

Inhaled Corticosteroids Does Not Increase Pneumonia Risk in Children With Asthma

Inhaled corticosteroids use may not increase risk of pneumonia or other respiratory infections in children with asthma.

Considerable Variation Seen in Risk Assessment for Sepsis in Newborns

Considerable Variation Seen in Risk Assessment for Sepsis in Newborns

The most common factor used to identify risk for early onset sepsis was obstetric diagnosis of chorioamnionitis, according to the study.

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