Sexually Transmitted Diseases

CDC Report on Recommendation Adherence in Uncomplicated Gonorrhea Treatment

CDC Report on Recommendation Adherence in Uncomplicated Gonorrhea Treatment

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Improving provider adherence to treatment recommendations for antibiotic use across the full spectrum of healthcare settings is an integral part of a comprehensive approach to combating the emergence of antimicrobial-resistant gonorrhea.

HPV Vaccination May Offer Protection Against Cervical Precancer

HPV Vaccination May Offer Protection Against Cervical Precancer

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The authors concluded, "There is high-certainty evidence that HPV vaccines protect against cervical precancer in adolescent girls and young women aged 15 to 26," while also indicated that future studies should have long-term follow-up.

HSV-1 and HSV-2 Seroprevalence Among Pregnant Women in the United States

HSV-1 and HSV-2 Seroprevalence Among Pregnant Women in the United States

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Further investigation into new strategies to prevent herpes simplex virus (HSV) acquisition in pregnant women and to prevent HSV transmission from mother to neonate are warranted.

mRNA Assay Less Sensitive Than DNA Assay for Latent HPV

mRNA Assay Less Sensitive Than DNA Assay for Latent HPV

Based on these data and the potential change in follow-up care, the HPV mRNA assay should not be used for a primary screening tool for cervical cancer.

Findings Support Nonavalent HPV Vaccine Use in Women With HIV

Findings Support Nonavalent HPV Vaccine Use in Women With HIV

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The HR-HPV types covered by the nonavalent HPV vaccine had similar clearance rates to HR-HPV types not included, and women infected with multiple anogenital HR-HPV types had lower rates of clearance than women infected with only 1 type.

Doxycycline Post-Exposure Prophylaxis May Prevent STIs in High-Risk MSM

Doxycycline Post-Exposure Prophylaxis May Prevent STIs in High-Risk MSM

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In the future, doxycycline post-exposure prophylaxis might become an effective addition to a combined intervention approach to reduce the high rate of STIs in PrEP users.

HPV Vaccination: Should Adolescents Be Allowed to Give Consent?

HPV Vaccination: Should Adolescents Be Allowed to Give Consent?

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Adolescent consent may help minimize delays in vaccination and reduce the overall incidence of cervical, oropharyngeal, and anal cancers.

<i>Trichomonas vaginalis</i> Infection Rates Disproportionately High in African Americans

Trichomonas vaginalis Infection Rates Disproportionately High in African Americans

There were positive associations for TV infection prevalence with female sex, black race, older age, being below the poverty level, and having 2 or more sexual partners.

Improving HPV Vaccination Rates via Bundled Intervention

Improving HPV Vaccination Rates via Bundled Intervention

A bundled intervention including communication skills training and performance feedback may improve human papillomavirus vaccination.

HPV Vaccine Completion Rates in Adolescents Improve With Physician Communication

HPV Vaccine Completion Rates in Adolescents Improve With Physician Communication

For adolescents, a health care professional HPV vaccine communication intervention is associated with improved HPV vaccine series initiation and completion.

Prevalence of HPV16 High Among HIV-Positive Men Having Sex With Men

Prevalence of HPV16 High Among HIV-Positive Men Having Sex With Men

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Study confirms HPV16 as an important determinant of high-grade lesions and supports its place as a priority for anal cancer prevention.

Marijuana, Alcohol Intervention May Help to Reduce STIs Among Adolescents

Marijuana, Alcohol Intervention May Help to Reduce STIs Among Adolescents

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Behavioral interventions that include sexual risk reduction combined with alcohol- and cannabis-focused elements are effective in reducing STI incidence among adolescents.

Pristinamycin Effective, Well-Tolerated Treatment for <i>Mycoplasma genitalium</i>

Pristinamycin Effective, Well-Tolerated Treatment for Mycoplasma genitalium

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The increasing prevalence of macrolide resistance underscores the need for research focused on identifying a safe and effective treatment for Mycoplasma genitalium.

CDC Reports on Latest Estimates of HSV-1, HSV-2 Prevalence in the United States

CDC Reports on Latest Estimates of HSV-1, HSV-2 Prevalence in the United States

CDC publishes the latest estimates of HSV-1, HSV-2 prevalence in the United States.

More Trials Need to Assess Effect of <i>M genitalium</i> on Female Reproductive Health Outcomes

More Trials Need to Assess Effect of M genitalium on Female Reproductive Health Outcomes

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Young, asymptomatic, high-risk women in the United States have high rates of prevalent, incident, and persistent M genitalium infections, supporting the need for clinical trials to assess the effect of M genitalium screening programs on female reproductive health outcomes.

Chlamydia Infection Not Associated With Adverse Birth Outcomes

Chlamydia Infection Not Associated With Adverse Birth Outcomes

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A chlamydia infection that has been identified during pregnancy and treated does not appear to result in a substantial increase in the risk of preterm birth compared with the risk in women tested and shown to not have a chlamydia infection.

USPSTF Recommends Screening for Syphilis in Pregnancy

USPSTF Recommends Screening for Syphilis in Pregnancy

The USPSTF says there is considerable net benefit to screening for syphilis infection in pregnant women.

High Prevalence of <i>Trichomonas vaginalis</i> in Pre-, Perimenopausal Women

High Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis in Pre-, Perimenopausal Women

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Study provides the first report of the detection rate for a T vaginalis nucleotide polymorphism associated with metronidazole resistance

Antibiotic-Resistant Gonorrhea: Prevention Strategies for a Growing Threat

Antibiotic-Resistant Gonorrhea: Prevention Strategies for a Growing Threat

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Learn about drugs in the pipeline for treatment-resistant gonorrhea.

Can We Prevent HIV and STIs Through School Programs?

Can We Prevent HIV and STIs Through School Programs?

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Although a positive impact on behavior change has been reported following the implementation of curriculum-based programs, there is a lack of clear evidence that school-based educational interventions directly prevent HIV/STIs.

Limitations With Herd Immunity From Vaccine-Type Human Papillomavirus

Limitations With Herd Immunity From Vaccine-Type Human Papillomavirus

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The limitations of herd protection for vaccine-type HPV was examined in a recent study.

Seminal HPV Infection Prevalent Worldwide, May Affect Male Fertility

Seminal HPV Infection Prevalent Worldwide, May Affect Male Fertility

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Study was the first to examine the geographical variation of seminal HPV prevalence, showing a relatively high prevalence in fertility clinic attendees when compared to the general population.

HPV-Linked Cancer Survival Rates Differ Based on Social Disparities

HPV-Linked Cancer Survival Rates Differ Based on Social Disparities

For patients with HPV-associated cancers, there are large disparities in survival based on sex, race, and age.

HPV and Cytology Co-Testing Lowers Risk of Cervical Cancer

HPV and Cytology Co-Testing Lowers Risk of Cervical Cancer

Successive negative HPV and cytology co-testing is linked decrease risks of cervical cancer.

Efficacy of 9-Valent HPV Vaccine in Young Women

Efficacy of 9-Valent HPV Vaccine in Young Women

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Findings inform further refinement of cervical cancer screening algorithms for vaccinated populations.

HPV Vaccine Linked to Lower Respiratory Papillomatosis Rates

HPV Vaccine Linked to Lower Respiratory Papillomatosis Rates

Incidence of juvenile-onset respiratory papillomatosis declined with the introduction of a HPV vaccination program.

Primary HPV Testing Recommendation Among US Physicians

Primary HPV Testing Recommendation Among US Physicians

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Many US physicians recommended primary HPV testing for women of all ages, contrary to guidelines which limit this screening approach to women ≥25 years old.

Oral HPV Prevalence Higher in Men With Concurrent Genital HPV

Oral HPV Prevalence Higher in Men With Concurrent Genital HPV

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The incidence of HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma has increased in men dramatically and that increase is projected to continue until 2060.

Secnidazole Efficacious in Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis

Secnidazole Efficacious in Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis

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Secnidazole is a 5-nitroimidazole with demonstrated in vitro antimicrobial activity against many anaerobic Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial species, while sparing Lactobacillus species.

Vaginal Microbiota Profile Predictive of Chlamydia Susceptibility

Vaginal Microbiota Profile Predictive of Chlamydia Susceptibility

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Vaginal microbiota dominated by L iners has been shown to exhibit rapid change in composition in and out of community states similar to bacterial vaginosis.

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