Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Primary HPV Testing Recommendation Among US Physicians

Primary HPV Testing Recommendation Among US Physicians

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Many US physicians recommended primary HPV testing for women of all ages, contrary to guidelines which limit this screening approach to women ≥25 years old.

Oral HPV Prevalence Higher in Men With Concurrent Genital HPV

Oral HPV Prevalence Higher in Men With Concurrent Genital HPV

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The incidence of HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma has increased in men dramatically and that increase is projected to continue until 2060.

Secnidazole Efficacious in Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis

Secnidazole Efficacious in Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis

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Secnidazole is a 5-nitroimidazole with demonstrated in vitro antimicrobial activity against many anaerobic Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial species, while sparing Lactobacillus species.

Vaginal Microbiota Profile Predictive of Chlamydia Susceptibility

Vaginal Microbiota Profile Predictive of Chlamydia Susceptibility

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Vaginal microbiota dominated by L iners has been shown to exhibit rapid change in composition in and out of community states similar to bacterial vaginosis.

Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Effect on Condom Use, STI Acquisition

Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Effect on Condom Use, STI Acquisition

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Varying risk perception, partner discordance in condom preference, and intermittent or partner-specific condom use make accurate assessment of condom use difficult.

Incidence of STI in PrEP Users Who Report Alcohol/Drug Use

Incidence of STI in PrEP Users Who Report Alcohol/Drug Use

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The aim of this study was to identify and characterize PrEP patients who remain at high risk for HIV as demonstrated by STI diagnosis after starting PrEP.

Frequent Syphilis Screening Necessary for High-Risk Populations

Frequent Syphilis Screening Necessary for High-Risk Populations

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In 2004, syphilis screening guidelines were changed to recommend rapid plasma regain testing every 3 to 6 months.

Breadth of Viruses Detectable in Semen Examined

Breadth of Viruses Detectable in Semen Examined

A new research letter claims that 27 viruses can be found in human semen.

CDC Reports Condom Use Up in US Single Men

CDC Reports Condom Use Up in US Single Men

About 6 in 10 sexually active single men in the United States are taking responsibility for birth control.

CDC: Cases of Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis Exceed 2 Million

CDC: Cases of Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis Exceed 2 Million

The number of cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis reported in the United States exceeded 2 million in 2016.

HIV Risk Behaviors More Prominent in Women With Mental Disorders

HIV Risk Behaviors More Prominent in Women With Mental Disorders

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Women with a mental disorder, specifically characteristics of antisocial personality disorder and borderline personality disorder, are more sexually active than their male counterparts.

New Single-Assay Test for Vaginitis Accurate as Traditional Tests

New Single-Assay Test for Vaginitis Accurate as Traditional Tests

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Vulvovaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginitis, and trichomoniasis are causes of vaginitis and cause significant amount of discomfort for women.

Vaccine-Type HPV Rates Low in Unvaccinated Women

Vaccine-Type HPV Rates Low in Unvaccinated Women

From 2009-2010 to 2013-2014, there was a decrease in the prevalence of vaccine-type human papillomavirus among unvaccinated young women, which suggests they are beginning to benefit from herd immunity.

CDC: HPV Vaccination Rate Improves in Teens

CDC: HPV Vaccination Rate Improves in Teens

About 60% of teens in the US received 1 or more HPV vaccines in 2016, but did not complete the series.

Closthioamide Inhibits Growth of Multidrug-Resistant Gonorrhea

Closthioamide Inhibits Growth of Multidrug-Resistant Gonorrhea

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A promising new treatment has been identified in the fight against multidrug-resistant gonorrhea.

<i>Mycoplasma genitalium</i>: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

Mycoplasma genitalium: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

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While Mycoplasma genitalium is emerging as one of the most common causes of sexually transmitted infections, and is often underrecognized and treated with ineffective antibiotics.

Surgery Improves HPV Related Oropharyngeal SCC Survival Rate

Surgery Improves HPV Related Oropharyngeal SCC Survival Rate

Patients with HPV-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma have higher 5-year overall survival rates after surgery.

Scalp Nodularity Associated With Secondary Syphilis

Scalp Nodularity Associated With Secondary Syphilis

A rare case of secondary syphilis which primarily presented with multiple nodules on the scalp has been detailed in a case report.

Meningococcal B Vaccine Protective Against Gonorrhea

Meningococcal B Vaccine Protective Against Gonorrhea

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People who had been vaccinated with the MeNZB vaccine were less likely to have gonorrhea than people who weren't vaccinated.

Increased Incidence of Chlamydia Due to Changes in Cancer Screening Guidelines

Increased Incidence of Chlamydia Due to Changes in Cancer Screening Guidelines

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Recent cervical cancer screening guideline changes in Canada were associated with reduced chlamydia testing and reported new cases of chlamydia in women.

Survivors of Anal Cancer Have Higher Risk of HPV-Related Second Cancers

Survivors of Anal Cancer Have Higher Risk of HPV-Related Second Cancers

Survivors of anal cancer have an elevated risk of HPV-related second primary malignancies.

New Assay Targets Susceptibility to Ciprofloxacin in Gonorrhea

New Assay Targets Susceptibility to Ciprofloxacin in Gonorrhea

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In an effort to combat extensive drug-resistance in gonorrhea, a new assay identifies patients who may still have a response to an older, less reliable therapy.

 Lack of Expedited Partner Therapy Associated With Increase STI Rates

Lack of Expedited Partner Therapy Associated With Increase STI Rates

Expedited partner therapy associated with lower rates of sexually transmitted infections.

Risk of Virus-Associated Cancers in HIV-uninfected MSM With Nitrite Inhalants

Risk of Virus-Associated Cancers in HIV-uninfected MSM With Nitrite Inhalants

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Long-term heavy nitrite inhalant use is associated with elevated risk of some virus-associated cancers.

Congressional Acts Pose Threat to National ID Health Initiatives

Congressional Acts Pose Threat to National ID Health Initiatives

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Passage of the 2017 budget, along with congressional approval of the AHCA, leaves large holes in the funding of the proposed national approach to infectious disease control.

Preventing HIV/STIs by Addressing Mental Health Issues in Black Adolescents

Preventing HIV/STIs by Addressing Mental Health Issues in Black Adolescents

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Psycho-education and skills building may mitigate the psychopathology that contributes to HIV/STI risk in black adolescents.

Syphilis Rates Disproportionately High Among MSM in US

Syphilis Rates Disproportionately High Among MSM in US

Because MSM represent the majority of all primary and secondary syphilis cases, addressing the high rates of syphilis among MSM is essential to the success of syphilis prevention programs.

Adolescent HPV Vaccination Rates Improve With Parental Self-Persuasion

Adolescent HPV Vaccination Rates Improve With Parental Self-Persuasion

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Self-persuasion method facilitates HPV vaccination better than external persuasion in low literacy, safety-net settings.

CDC: Nearly Half of US Adults Infected With HPV

CDC: Nearly Half of US Adults Infected With HPV

HPV vaccine has the potential to reverse the epidemic and prevent thousands of cancers in the United States each year.

New Guideline on HPV Vaccine for Cervical Cancer Prevention

New Guideline on HPV Vaccine for Cervical Cancer Prevention

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The American Society of Clinical Oncology issued new recommendations based on 4 levels of resource settings on human papillomavirus vaccination for cervical cancer prevention.

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