Sexually Transmitted Diseases

More Trials Need to Assess Effect of <i>M genitalium</i> on Female Reproductive Health Outcomes

More Trials Need to Assess Effect of M genitalium on Female Reproductive Health Outcomes

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Young, asymptomatic, high-risk women in the United States have high rates of prevalent, incident, and persistent M genitalium infections, supporting the need for clinical trials to assess the effect of M genitalium screening programs on female reproductive health outcomes.

Chlamydia Infection Not Associated With Adverse Birth Outcomes

Chlamydia Infection Not Associated With Adverse Birth Outcomes

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A chlamydia infection that has been identified during pregnancy and treated does not appear to result in a substantial increase in the risk of preterm birth compared with the risk in women tested and shown to not have a chlamydia infection.

USPSTF Recommends Screening for Syphilis in Pregnancy

USPSTF Recommends Screening for Syphilis in Pregnancy

The USPSTF says there is considerable net benefit to screening for syphilis infection in pregnant women.

High Prevalence of <i>Trichomonas vaginalis</i> in Pre-, Perimenopausal Women

High Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis in Pre-, Perimenopausal Women

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Study provides the first report of the detection rate for a T vaginalis nucleotide polymorphism associated with metronidazole resistance

Antibiotic-Resistant Gonorrhea: Prevention Strategies for a Growing Threat

Antibiotic-Resistant Gonorrhea: Prevention Strategies for a Growing Threat

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Learn about drugs in the pipeline for treatment-resistant gonorrhea.

Can We Prevent HIV and STIs Through School Programs?

Can We Prevent HIV and STIs Through School Programs?

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Although a positive impact on behavior change has been reported following the implementation of curriculum-based programs, there is a lack of clear evidence that school-based educational interventions directly prevent HIV/STIs.

Limitations With Herd Immunity From Vaccine-Type Human Papillomavirus

Limitations With Herd Immunity From Vaccine-Type Human Papillomavirus

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The limitations of herd protection for vaccine-type HPV was examined in a recent study.

Seminal HPV Infection Prevalent Worldwide, May Affect Male Fertility

Seminal HPV Infection Prevalent Worldwide, May Affect Male Fertility

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Study was the first to examine the geographical variation of seminal HPV prevalence, showing a relatively high prevalence in fertility clinic attendees when compared to the general population.

HPV-Linked Cancer Survival Rates Differ Based on Social Disparities

HPV-Linked Cancer Survival Rates Differ Based on Social Disparities

For patients with HPV-associated cancers, there are large disparities in survival based on sex, race, and age.

HPV and Cytology Co-Testing Lowers Risk of Cervical Cancer

HPV and Cytology Co-Testing Lowers Risk of Cervical Cancer

Successive negative HPV and cytology co-testing is linked decrease risks of cervical cancer.

Efficacy of 9-Valent HPV Vaccine in Young Women

Efficacy of 9-Valent HPV Vaccine in Young Women

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Findings inform further refinement of cervical cancer screening algorithms for vaccinated populations.

HPV Vaccine Linked to Lower Respiratory Papillomatosis Rates

HPV Vaccine Linked to Lower Respiratory Papillomatosis Rates

Incidence of juvenile-onset respiratory papillomatosis declined with the introduction of a HPV vaccination program.

Primary HPV Testing Recommendation Among US Physicians

Primary HPV Testing Recommendation Among US Physicians

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Many US physicians recommended primary HPV testing for women of all ages, contrary to guidelines which limit this screening approach to women ≥25 years old.

Oral HPV Prevalence Higher in Men With Concurrent Genital HPV

Oral HPV Prevalence Higher in Men With Concurrent Genital HPV

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The incidence of HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma has increased in men dramatically and that increase is projected to continue until 2060.

Secnidazole Efficacious in Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis

Secnidazole Efficacious in Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis

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Secnidazole is a 5-nitroimidazole with demonstrated in vitro antimicrobial activity against many anaerobic Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial species, while sparing Lactobacillus species.

Vaginal Microbiota Profile Predictive of Chlamydia Susceptibility

Vaginal Microbiota Profile Predictive of Chlamydia Susceptibility

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Vaginal microbiota dominated by L iners has been shown to exhibit rapid change in composition in and out of community states similar to bacterial vaginosis.

Managing Comorbidities and Coinfections in HIV: Interview With Rajesh T. Gandhi, MD

Managing Comorbidities and Coinfections in HIV: Interview With Rajesh T. Gandhi, MD

Rajesh T. Gandhi, MD, discusses management of coinfections, including HPV and sexually transmitted infections, in people with HIV.

Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Effect on Condom Use, STI Acquisition

Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Effect on Condom Use, STI Acquisition

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Varying risk perception, partner discordance in condom preference, and intermittent or partner-specific condom use make accurate assessment of condom use difficult.

Incidence of STI in PrEP Users Who Report Alcohol/Drug Use

Incidence of STI in PrEP Users Who Report Alcohol/Drug Use

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The aim of this study was to identify and characterize PrEP patients who remain at high risk for HIV as demonstrated by STI diagnosis after starting PrEP.

Frequent Syphilis Screening Necessary for High-Risk Populations

Frequent Syphilis Screening Necessary for High-Risk Populations

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In 2004, syphilis screening guidelines were changed to recommend rapid plasma regain testing every 3 to 6 months.

Breadth of Viruses Detectable in Semen Examined

Breadth of Viruses Detectable in Semen Examined

A new research letter claims that 27 viruses can be found in human semen.

CDC Reports Condom Use Up in US Single Men

CDC Reports Condom Use Up in US Single Men

About 6 in 10 sexually active single men in the United States are taking responsibility for birth control.

CDC: Cases of Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis Exceed 2 Million

CDC: Cases of Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis Exceed 2 Million

The number of cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis reported in the United States exceeded 2 million in 2016.

HIV Risk Behaviors More Prominent in Women With Mental Disorders

HIV Risk Behaviors More Prominent in Women With Mental Disorders

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Women with a mental disorder, specifically characteristics of antisocial personality disorder and borderline personality disorder, are more sexually active than their male counterparts.

New Single-Assay Test for Vaginitis Accurate as Traditional Tests

New Single-Assay Test for Vaginitis Accurate as Traditional Tests

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Vulvovaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginitis, and trichomoniasis are causes of vaginitis and cause significant amount of discomfort for women.

Vaccine-Type HPV Rates Low in Unvaccinated Women

Vaccine-Type HPV Rates Low in Unvaccinated Women

From 2009-2010 to 2013-2014, there was a decrease in the prevalence of vaccine-type human papillomavirus among unvaccinated young women, which suggests they are beginning to benefit from herd immunity.

CDC: HPV Vaccination Rate Improves in Teens

CDC: HPV Vaccination Rate Improves in Teens

About 60% of teens in the US received 1 or more HPV vaccines in 2016, but did not complete the series.

Closthioamide Inhibits Growth of Multidrug-Resistant Gonorrhea

Closthioamide Inhibits Growth of Multidrug-Resistant Gonorrhea

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A promising new treatment has been identified in the fight against multidrug-resistant gonorrhea.

<i>Mycoplasma genitalium</i>: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

Mycoplasma genitalium: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

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While Mycoplasma genitalium is emerging as one of the most common causes of sexually transmitted infections, and is often underrecognized and treated with ineffective antibiotics.

Surgery Improves HPV Related Oropharyngeal SCC Survival Rate

Surgery Improves HPV Related Oropharyngeal SCC Survival Rate

Patients with HPV-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma have higher 5-year overall survival rates after surgery.

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