antibiotics

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

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Investigators identified patient, provider, and practice characteristics associated with antibiotic prescribing in an attempt to determine factors contributing to inappropriate antimicrobial use.

Antibiotic Prescribing Habits for UTI in Pregnant Women

Antibiotic Prescribing Habits for UTI in Pregnant Women

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For pregnant women in their first trimester, a 2011 Committee Opinion from the ACOG recommended that sulfonamides and nitrofurantoin may be prescribed only if other antimicrobial therapies are deemed clinically inappropriate.

Inappropriate Antibiotic Treatment Tied to Patient, Provider Characteristics

Inappropriate Antibiotic Treatment Tied to Patient, Provider Characteristics

Patient, practice, and provider characteristics are associated with inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing in the outpatient setting.

Trends of <i>S pneumoniae, H influenzae</i> Antibiotic Resistance in Children

Trends of S pneumoniae, H influenzae Antibiotic Resistance in Children

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Study analyzed the trends of nasopharyngeal carriage and antibiotic resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza, and Moraxella catarrhalis isolated from young children with acute otitis media during a 16-year period.

Iclaprim Comparable With Vancomycin for Gram-Positive Acute Bacterial Skin Infections

Iclaprim Comparable With Vancomycin for Gram-Positive Acute Bacterial Skin Infections

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Iclaprim was noninferior to vancomycin with respect to the early clinical response at an early time point in the treatment of ABSSSI caused or suspected to be caused by gram-positive organisms.

Long-Term Macrolide Use Increases Risk of Resistant <i>P acnes</i>

Long-Term Macrolide Use Increases Risk of Resistant P acnes

Long-term oral macrolide administration may increase macrolide-resistant Propionibacterium acnes.

CDC: New Data Show Progress in Combating Antibiotic Resistance

CDC: New Data Show Progress in Combating Antibiotic Resistance

The CDC has released new data in its Antibiotic Resistance Investment Map on the progress in combating antibiotic resistance.

Alternative Therapeutics for Mild Infections May Help to Retain Antibiotic Efficacy

Alternative Therapeutics for Mild Infections May Help to Retain Antibiotic Efficacy

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Developing alternative, non-antibiotic treatments for certain "self-limiting infections" may help preserve the effectiveness of antibiotics.

New Immunotherapy Approach Shows Promise in Fight Against Antibiotic Resistance

New Immunotherapy Approach Shows Promise in Fight Against Antibiotic Resistance

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A new immunotherapy approach has shown promise in it's first-in-human trial for antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Acute RTI in Children: Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics

Acute RTI in Children: Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics

Broad-spectrum antibiotics are not associated with better clinical or patient-centered outcomes compared with narrow-spectrum antibiotics in pediatric acute RTI.

Genome Sequencing Identifies Early Ampicillin Resistance

Genome Sequencing Identifies Early Ampicillin Resistance

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Using whole-genome sequencing, investigators determined that genetically different plasmids from antibiotic-resistant strains emerged in Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium in the late 1950s, prior to the release of ampicillin for clinical use.

Ceftaroline Fosamil Associated With Shorter ABSSSI-Related Hospital Stay

Ceftaroline Fosamil Associated With Shorter ABSSSI-Related Hospital Stay

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Compared with vancomycin, patients with ABSSSI treated with ceftaroline fosamil had significantly shorter length of hospital stay.

Guideline-Adherent Antibiotics Decrease Readmission for Acute Chest Syndrome

Guideline-Adherent Antibiotics Decrease Readmission for Acute Chest Syndrome

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Researchers believe implementation of treatment guidelines for children with sickle cell disease with acute chest syndrome may decrease hospital readmission rates.

Antibiotic Prophylaxis May Help Prevent Recurrent Cellulitis

Antibiotic Prophylaxis May Help Prevent Recurrent Cellulitis

The recurrence of cellulitus can be prevented by antibiotic prophylaxis.

Azithromycin Prevents COPD Exacerbations in <i>H Pylori</i> Seropositive Patients

Azithromycin Prevents COPD Exacerbations in H Pylori Seropositive Patients

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Azithromycin is more likely to reduce exacerbations of COPD among patients with antibodies against Helicobacter pylori.

Risk of Congenital Malformations With Gestational Antibiotic Use

Risk of Congenital Malformations With Gestational Antibiotic Use

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The use of specific antibiotics during pregnancy may be associated with increased risk for major congenital malformations.

Risk of Adverse Events Common For Hospitalized Patients Using Antibiotics

Risk of Adverse Events Common For Hospitalized Patients Using Antibiotics

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Antibiotic-associated adverse drug events are more common among hospitalized patients.

Antibiotic Course Completion and Resistance: Is There a Link?

Antibiotic Course Completion and Resistance: Is There a Link?

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Little evidence is available to support the theory that failing to complete a prescribed antibiotic course contributes to antibiotic resistance.

Short-Term Outcomes in Small Skin Abscesses Improve With Antibiotics

Short-Term Outcomes in Small Skin Abscesses Improve With Antibiotics

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Patients with a simple abscess who received TMP-SMX along with incision and drainage had improved short-term outcomes compared to those who just received incision and drainage.

Some Antibiotics May Reduce Biofilm in Urinary Tract Infections

Some Antibiotics May Reduce Biofilm in Urinary Tract Infections

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Second- and third-generation fluoroquinolones, cephalosporins, and aminoglycosides were shown to decrease the quantity of biofilm produced by Escherichia coli isolates in children with urinary tract infection in an in vitro study.

No Benefits Seen for Adjunctive Clindamycin in Cellulitis

No Benefits Seen for Adjunctive Clindamycin in Cellulitis

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Results from atrial of clindamycin in cellulitis cast doubt on hospital guidelines.

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Have Long Resided on Ready-to-Eat Foods

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Have Long Resided on Ready-to-Eat Foods

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Cal-State researchers set out to quantify how much antibiotic resistant bacteria is on produce and in dairy products we eat every day. They learned there's quite a bit— but is it likely to make us sick?

Antimicrobial Dressing For Diabetic Foot Ulcers Improve Healing

Antimicrobial Dressing For Diabetic Foot Ulcers Improve Healing

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Using antimicrobial dressing instead of a non-antimicrobial dressing may increase healing of diabetic foot ulcers.

Antibiotic Use Ineffective in Non-Severe Meningococcal Disease

Antibiotic Use Ineffective in Non-Severe Meningococcal Disease

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Researchers found no evidence supporting the use of pre-admission antibiotics for cases on non-severe meningococcal disease.

Emphasis on Patient Harm Increases Physician Support of Financial Penalties

Emphasis on Patient Harm Increases Physician Support of Financial Penalties

Physicians who receive information about patient harms are more likely to support financial penalties targeting inappropriate antibiotic prescribing.

Voluntary Recall Announced for Injectable Antibiotic

Voluntary Recall Announced for Injectable Antibiotic

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Alvogen announced a voluntary recall for its injectable antibiotic Clindamycin Injection ADD-Vantage.

Structurally Modified Vancomycin Demonstrates Superior Antimicrobial Activity

Structurally Modified Vancomycin Demonstrates Superior Antimicrobial Activity

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Binding pocket and peripheral structural modifications of vancomycin improve its antimicrobial activity and durability.

Antibiotics Overprescribed for Acute Conjunctivitis

Antibiotics Overprescribed for Acute Conjunctivitis

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Researchers found that 60% of patients diagnosed with acute conjunctivitis were overprescribed antibiotics.

Decrease Rate of <i>S aureus</i> Resistance Seen With Certain Antibiotics

Decrease Rate of S aureus Resistance Seen With Certain Antibiotics

In recent years, Staphlococcus aureus infections have been more susceptible to key antibiotics.

Antibiotics May Not Be Beneficial in Older Adults With UTI

Antibiotics May Not Be Beneficial in Older Adults With UTI

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Antibiotics may not be as effective in treating urinary tract infections in older adults.

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