Jagan Dewan Gupta, Author at Infectious Disease Advisor - Page 4 of 21

Jagan Dewan Gupta

All articles by Jagan Dewan Gupta

Renal Osteodystrophy

Preliminary Diagnosis: Renal Osteodystrophy I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? Plain radiography. II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosing renal osteodystrophy. Advantages Quick imaging procedure. Requires minimal patient cooperation.Continue Reading Low cost procedure. Readily available. Minimal exposure to ionizing radiation. Highly sensitive for evaluating for renal osteodystrophy. Disadvantages…

Osteoarthritis

Preliminary Diagnosis: Osteoarthritis I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? Plain radiography. II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosis of osteoarthritis. Advantages Quick and relatively inexpensive imaging modality Exposes patients to minimal ionizing radiation. Highly sensitive and specific in detailing osseous abnormalitiesContinue Reading Disadvantages Limited in evaluating the surrounding…

Liver Abscess

Preliminary Diagnosis: Liver Abscess I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis Plain radiograph of the chest and abdomen II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosis of a liver abscess. Advantages Highly portable Relatively inexpensive imaging modality Disadvantages Less sensitive and specific in detecting and diagnosing a liver abscess or…

Vulvovaginal Cancer

Preliminary Diagnosis: Vulvovaginal Cancer I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? Ultrasound of the lower pelvis. II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosing vulvovaginal cancer. Advantages Does not expose patients to ionizing radiation. Highly portable imaging modality.Continue Reading Moderately sensitive and specific in detailing and characterizing vulvovaginal cancer. Relatively…

Multiple Sclerosis

Preliminary Diagnosis: Multiple Sclerosis I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? Contrasted MR of the brain per demyelinating protocol Contrasted MR of the cervical spine may additionally be performed to search for any cervical spine demyelinating plaques. II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. Advantages Highly…

Nephrolithiasis

Preliminary Diagnosis: Nephrolithiasis I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? Computed tomography (CT) scan without oral and without intravenous contrast II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosis of nephrolithiasis. Advantages Able to locate an obstructive radiopaque renal, collecting system, and urinary bladder calculi Relatively quick imaging modalities that require…

Meningitis

Preliminary Diagnosis: Meningitis I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis MR imaging of the brain and spine with and without contrast II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosis of meningitis. Advantages May be diagnostic in certain clinical settings Able to locate the focal area of meningeal inflammation and predict…

Encephalitis

Preliminary Diagnosis: Encephalitis I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? MR imaging with intravenous contrast of the brain. II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosing encephalitis. Advantages Diagnostic with positive pertinent findings in the correct clinical setting, including focal parenchymal inflammation secondary to a viral infection. Able to locate…

Intracerebral hemorrhage

Preliminary Diagnosis: Intracerebral Hemorrhage I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis Noncontrast CT of the brain II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosis of an intracerebral hemorrhage. Advantages Relatively inexpensive and more efficient and faster imaging modality compared to MR imaging Very specific and sensitive in evaluating for intracerebral…

Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome

Preliminary Diagnosis: Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? The first line imaging modality is ultrasound of the pancreas and surrounding abdominal organs. (Endoscopic sonography offers better evaluation than transabdominal sonography). II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosing Zollinger Ellison-Syndrome. Advantages Highly portable. Does not expose patients…

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