Eggerthella lenta displays high minimal inhibitory concentrations to piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP), and empiric TZP monotherapy is a risk factor for 30-day mortality.
All articles by Jessica Martin
Vaginal microbiota composition is a risk factor for subsequent preterm prelabor rupture of the fetal membranes and is associated with adverse short-term maternal and neonatal outcomes.
Findings indicate the critical role of conservative fluid strategy in the management of patients with complicated influenza.
MRSA nares screening can be a stewardship tool to streamline empiric antibiotic therapy among those not nares colonized with MRSA.
This will be the first systematic review and meta-analysis on risk factors for pneumonia among neonates in India.
Maternal vaccination against pertussis between 27 and 36 weeks of gestation was associated with a high percentage of newborns with protective pertussis antibody concentrations.
Further studies are required to evaluate the effectiveness of the ivermectin schedule for treatment of strongyloidiasis, and quantitative methods of high sensitivity and accuracy are needed to monitor treatment success or to predict reactivation.
Induced hypothermia (target temperature 32°C-34°C) proved harmful with regards to respiratory function and it also prolonged septic shock.
Participants underwent a pre- and post-bronchodilator spirometry, single-breath diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide, CT, and echocardiogram.
Healthcare resource utilization and costs attributable to primary Clostridium difficile infection and recurrent C difficile infection are substantial.
A systemic literature review was conducted to determine the outcomes of initiating ART before or after conception in pregnant women with HIV.
The absolute risk of hepatitis B virus reactivation in individuals with active or resolved infections who were treated with DAAs for hepatitis C virus.
Individuals with hepatitis C virus infection, genotype 1 or 3, without cirrhosis, were evaluated for sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment.
Capillary refill time has the potential to predict outcomes in patients with sepsis-related hyperlactatemia.
Study provides the first report of the detection rate for a T vaginalis nucleotide polymorphism associated with metronidazole resistance
For pregnant women in their first trimester, a 2011 Committee Opinion from the ACOG recommended that sulfonamides and nitrofurantoin may be prescribed only if other antimicrobial therapies are deemed clinically inappropriate.
Study analyzed the trends of nasopharyngeal carriage and antibiotic resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza, and Moraxella catarrhalis isolated from young children with acute otitis media during a 16-year period.
Five factors were found to be significantly associated with UTI antibiotic use in order of decreasing association: presence of urinary catheter, urinary frequency, fever, new-onset hypotension, and confusion.
Results support a role for ceftazidime-avibactam as a potential alternative to carbapenems in patients with nosocomial pneumonia (including ventilator-associated pneumonia) caused by Gram-negative pathogens.
Prevention of severe and fatal infection caused by influenza was observed mainly in patients who were vaccinated in both the current and previous seasons, reinforcing the recommendation of annual vaccination in older adults.
Iclaprim was noninferior to vancomycin with respect to the early clinical response at an early time point in the treatment of ABSSSI caused or suspected to be caused by gram-positive organisms.
Providers may continue to offer vaccines until June 30 of every year, the date marking the end of the influenza season, because influenza is unpredictable.
Study found that many hospitalized infants did not receive rotavirus vaccination before discharge and were no longer age-eligible for vaccination after discharge from the hospital.
MenB-FHbp was safe and immunogenic after dose 2 and dose 3 and was also associated with more injection-site reactions than hepatitis A virus vaccine and saline.
Hepatitis B immunoglobulin at birth combined with full hepatitis B vaccine series provides infants with protection against perinatal infection from hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive mothers.
Maternal smoking during pregnancy exerts an effect on leukocyte telomere length at birth but in utero HIV/combination antiretroviral therapy exposure does not.
Researchers found an approximately 1.4-fold increased risk of failure to achieve SVR12 within the PPI users group compared to the non-PPI users group.
Report updated the 2006 American College of Chest Physicians clinical practice guideline for cough due to TB and other chronic infections.
Antiretroviral maintenance therapy administered on 4 consecutive days each week was found to be effective in patients with HIV-1.
Infants born via vaginal delivery to mothers exposed to intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for group B Streptococcus demonstrated altered fecal microbiota immediately following birth.