Michael Heneghan

All articles by Michael Heneghan

The liver and systemic disease

How can I be sure that the patient has hepatopulmunary syndrome or portopulmonary hypertension? What signs and symptoms are usually found? In the initial stages of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS), the patient complains only of a very mild dyspnea, or can be asymptomatic. In more advanced stages, however, dyspnea, cyanosis, clubbing of the fingers, spider nevi,…

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