In terms of screening for obstructive sleep apnea in people living with HIV, the STOP-BANG questionnaire had good sensitivity, whereas the Berlin questionnaire and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale demonstrated good specificity.
All articles by Natasha Priya Dyal, MD
Progression in characterizing the symptoms and treatments for infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and the subsequent development of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Five patients at 3 hospitals in northern Italy developed Guillain–Barré syndrome after the onset of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by a novel strain of the viral family (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 [SARS-CoV-2]) has highlighted the need for novel treatment options. However, novel treatments are often offered using noncentralized data from small or anecdotal studies, with regimens for these treatments varying on an institutional basis. Therefore,…
The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have caused more significant change than previously expected as the United States now has the most cases worldwide.
New evidence supports the possibility of gastrointestinal infection with the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus, as well as a possible feco-oral route of transmission.
As infections with SARS-CoV-2 continue to increase, there has been a concurrent increase in news and data, both accurate and inaccurate.
The first case of COVID-19 as a result of infection with SARS-CoV-2 was confirmed in New York City; the first death related to the infection has also been reported.
The US FDA has issued a statement to announce the launch of an interactive database that provides information on the ART currently available for purchase under the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued an official health update for the outbreak of novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV.
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have identified a target gene in mosquitos that renders the insects completely refractory to all 4 serotypes of the dengue virus and thus, incapable of transmitting the virus to humans, according to study results published in PLoS Pathogens.1 Dengue fever is caused by infection with 1 of…
Although uptake was limited, prophylactic treatment with moxifloxacin was well-tolerated in individuals with evidence of latent tuberculosis who were in contact with patients with high-risk multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.
Delafloxacin may provide a feasible alternative antibiotic monotherapy option for treating patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) who have renal impairment in both inpatient and outpatient settings.
As a result of retrospective identification of inappropriate use of antibiotics, antimicrobial stewardship is a growing area of concern and research in medicine. This was clearly demonstrated via a plethora of poster presentations on this topic at IDWeek 2019.
Approximately 1 in 5 people with HIV also has prevalent DM, and control of hemoglobin A1c levels in these patients may have a beneficial effect on CD4 counts.
Lefamulin appears to be noninferior in safety and efficacy compared with moxifloxicin in the treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia.
A novel, and newly licensed hexavalent vaccine, comprising DTaP, IPV, Hib and HepB vaccines, may allow for simplification of administering and adhering to recommendations for infant vaccine series.
In light of Immunization Awareness Month, the American College of Physicians has issued a press statement to remind adults of the importance of staying up to date on all recommended vaccinations.
In conjunction with its release of the adult guidelines earlier this year, the ACIP earlier this year has issued an annual update on pediatric immunization schedules.
Researchers at the National Institute for Health Research Imperial Clinical Research Facility at Hammersmith Hospital in London have demonstrated immunogenic responses in the first human phase 1 trial of a novel vaccine for the prevention of C trachomatis infection.
The United States Preventative Service Task Force has issued a statement that reaffirms its 2009 recommendations for screening pregnant women for hepatitis B virus.
In patients who are immunocompromised, such as people living with HIV, the new fourth-generation QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus assay demonstrated similar sensitivity to the third-generation interferon-gamma release assay for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis.
A significant percentage of patients with uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) are treated with an empiric antibiotic agent to which the etiologic bacteria is resistant.
Avirulins may provide a valuable chemical foundation for the development of the next generation of prophylactic medications for HIV-1 in women, according to results of a study presented at American Society of Microbiology (ASM) Microbe 2019 held from June 20-24, 2019, in San Francisco, California. Although much progress has been made in decreasing the risk…
Though much has been done in an effort to close them, there are still significant gaps in knowledge and research advancement on outbreaks of infection with Cyclospora cayetanensis. In an effort to increase awareness of these gaps, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) held a Grand Rounds presentation on June 13, 2019, presented…
Serious infections related to treatment with rituximab in patients with multiple sclerosis are rare and successfully resolvable.
WHO leads its annual campaign, SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands, to increase global awareness of the importance of hand hygiene among healthcare workers.
A second patient has attained sustained remission of HIV after cessation of treatment.
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