Sajan Patel, Author at Infectious Disease Advisor

Sajan Patel

All articles by Sajan Patel

Urinalysis & Micro

Urinalysis & Micro I. Problem/Condition. Urine studies can provide a wide variety of information, including the etiology of acute kidney injury (AKI) and the presence of a urinary tract infection (UTI). It is relatively inexpensive and can even be performed by the testing physician. Specific urine tests that are useful in the inpatient setting include:…

Metabolic Acidosis; Gap Positive

I. Problem/Condition. Metabolic acidosis is defined by low serum pH (less than 7.35-7.45) and low serum bicarbonate. It occurs by one of three major mechanisms: 1. Increased endogenous acid (i.e., lactic acidosis, diabetic ketoacidosis). Continue Reading 2. Decreased renal acid excretion (i.e., renal failure). 3. Loss of bicarbonate (i.e. diarrhea). In determining the underlying etiology…

Next post in Hospital Medicine