Sidra Raza

All articles by Sidra Raza

Normal pressure hydrocephalus

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus I. What every physician needs to know. Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a clinical diagnosis based on a chronic, progressive history of gait instability, subcortical dementia, and urinary incontinence accompanied by a confirmatory physical examination and characteristic imaging studies. It is often considered in patients with a newly identified dementia or new…

B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin essential to cell production, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) synthesis and neurologic function. It is required as a co-enzyme for the metabolism of amino acids methionine, threonine, and valine as well as the formation of tetrahydrofolate which is necessary for DNA synthesis. Common signs and symptoms of…

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