Cancer

Many New Cancer Patients Unaware of Their Hepatitis Status

Many New Cancer Patients Unaware of Their Hepatitis Status

Large proportion of participants with newly diagnosed cancer learned of infection through study.

Educational Intervention Improves HPV Vaccination

Educational Intervention Improves HPV Vaccination

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Educational interventions delivered in a clinical setting may improve vaccination behaviors.

HIV & Cancer Risk: Expert Interview

HIV & Cancer Risk: Expert Interview

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Although rates of AIDS-defining malignancies have declined in recent decades, cancer remains a leading cause of mortality in people living with HIV.

Cisplatin Superior to Cetuximab for HPV+ Oropharyngeal Cancer

Cisplatin Superior to Cetuximab for HPV+ Oropharyngeal Cancer

For treatment of HPV positive low-risk oropharyngeal cancer, cetuximab shows no benefit compared with the standard cisplatin regimen in terms of reduced toxicity and results in worse tumor control.

Increased Risk for First and Second Primary Cancers in Patients With HIV/AIDS

Increased Risk for First and Second Primary Cancers in Patients With HIV/AIDS

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Increased cancer prevention, screening, and treatment are needed for people living with HIV both before and after an initial cancer diagnosis.

Hispanics With HIV Face Higher Risk for HPV-Related Cancer

Hispanics With HIV Face Higher Risk for HPV-Related Cancer

But five-year survival was above 50 percent among HIV-infected Hispanics across HPV-related cancer types.

Levofloxacin Prophylaxis Decreases Bacteremia in Children With Acute Leukemia

Levofloxacin Prophylaxis Decreases Bacteremia in Children With Acute Leukemia

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Among children with acute leukemia receiving intensive chemotherapy, receipt of levofloxacin prophylaxis compared with no prophylaxis resulted in a significant reduction in bacteremia.

Incidence of 43,371 Cases of HPV-Associated Cancers in 2015

Incidence of 43,371 Cases of HPV-Associated Cancers in 2015

Decreases in cervical cancer, vaginal SCC from 1999 to 2015; increases in oropharyngeal, anal, vulvar SCC.

Lenvatinib Approved as First-Line Treatment for Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Lenvatinib Approved as First-Line Treatment for Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

The approval was supported by findings from the multicenter, randomized, open-label, noninferiority trial, REFLECT (N=945), which included patients with previously untreated, metastatic or unresectable HCC.

Efficacy of Immediate Oral Etoposide for Mild to Moderate AIDS-Related Kaposi Sarcoma

Efficacy of Immediate Oral Etoposide for Mild to Moderate AIDS-Related Kaposi Sarcoma

Among individuals with HIV and mild to moderate Kaposi sarcoma initiating ART, immediate oral etoposide chemotherapy provided no substantial clinical benefit by 48 weeks compared to delayed, as needed therapy.

Cancer Risk Increased for Older Patients Living With HIV

Cancer Risk Increased for Older Patients Living With HIV

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Investigators assessed the impact of age and length of time with HIV infection on risk for developing cancer.

How HIV Affects Cervical Cancer Risk and Outcomes

How HIV Affects Cervical Cancer Risk and Outcomes

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Women with HIV have an increased risk for persistent HPV infection, which frequently progresses to cervical cancer, and they should be warned of their increased risk for HPV and cervical cancer and, when appropriate, advised to undergo HPV vaccination.

AACR Estimates Cancer Incidence Rates in HIV Through 2030

AACR Estimates Cancer Incidence Rates in HIV Through 2030

As HIV becomes a lifelong disease rather than fatal, researchers investigated how cancer might affect people with HIV through 2030.

New Guideline on HPV Vaccine for Cervical Cancer Prevention

New Guideline on HPV Vaccine for Cervical Cancer Prevention

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The American Society of Clinical Oncology issued new recommendations based on 4 levels of resource settings on human papillomavirus vaccination for cervical cancer prevention.

Antibiotics May Reduce Survival in Renal Cancer

Antibiotics May Reduce Survival in Renal Cancer

Patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma show low progression-free survival when treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors with broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Predictors of Distant Metastases in HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

Predictors of Distant Metastases in HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

Distant metastases rates are up in patients with HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer, who actively smoke or have T4 tumors.

HCV Infection Linked to Nonhepatic Cancers in the Elderly

HCV Infection Linked to Nonhepatic Cancers in the Elderly

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In the elderly population, hepatitis C virus infection is associated with cancers other than hepatocellular carcinoma, such as bile duct and pancreatic cancers and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Prophylactic Lamivudine Reduces HBV Flares During Chemotherapy

Prophylactic Lamivudine Reduces HBV Flares During Chemotherapy

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Patients with breast cancer who have chronic HBV infection have fewer flares while undergoing chemotherapy if they are treated with prophylactic lamivudine.

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