Clostridium difficile Found in 53% of Public Sandboxes
Certain strains of the bacteria showed increased toxin production and some were resistant to antibiotics.
HealthDay News — According to a report published online in Zoonoses and Public Health, Clostridium difficile was present in nearly 53% of sandboxes tested in Spain.
Jose Blanco, PhD, DVM, from the department of animal health at the Complutense University of Madrid, and colleagues looked for C difficile in 20 sandboxes for children and 20 sandboxes for dogs in and around Madrid.
Testing samples from all of the sandboxes, the researchers found that more than half contained various types of C difficile. Nine of the children's sandboxes had the bacteria, and 12 of the dog sandboxes did. Certain strains of the bacteria showed increased toxin production and some were resistant to antibiotics.
"In summary, our results revealed the presence of epidemic ribotypes of C difficile in children's and dog's sandboxes, which constitutes a major health risk," the authors write. "Due to the zoonotic potential attributed to some ribotypes of C difficile, the possible presence of this emerging pathogen should be considered in any environmental risk assessment."
- Orden C, Neila C, Blanco JL, Álvarez-Pérez S, Harmanus C, Kuijper EJ, García ME, et al. Recreational sandboxes for children and dogs can be a source of epidemic ribotypes of Clostridium difficile. Zoonoses Public Health. 2017. doi: 10.1111/zph.12374. [Epub ahead of print]