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MicroRNAs in Infectious Disease: Emerging Clinical Applications

MicroRNAs in Infectious Disease: Emerging Clinical Applications

MicroRNAs are currently under investigation for various clinical applications in infectious disease because of their role in host response to infection and effects on innate and adaptive immune pathways.

Diagnostics

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Influenza Point-of-Care Tests Influence Patient Outcomes

Influenza Point-of-Care Tests Influence Patient Outcomes

Point-of-care testing for influenza has a role persons with influenza-like illnesses, particularly in emergency departments and during influenza epidemics, but tests are not a substitute for clinical assessment.

High Sensitivity, Specificity for Chlamydia Point-of-Care Test

High Sensitivity, Specificity for Chlamydia Point-of-Care Test

Polymerase chain reaction test has high sensitivity and specificity for vaginal swab samples.

Quick New Ebola Test Approved by FDA

Quick New Ebola Test Approved by FDA

A fast, single-use fingerstick test for infection with the Ebola virus has been approved by the FDA.

A Model to Predict Mortality and Disease Outcomes in C difficile Infection

A Model to Predict Mortality and Disease Outcomes in C difficile Infection

This study presents a simple, widely available and inexpensive model for predicting C difficile infection severity and mortality to identify patients at risk at admission to the ED.

Viral Suppression in Children on ART Identified Via Quantitative HIV Antibody Levels

Viral Suppression in Children on ART Identified Via Quantitative HIV Antibody Levels

For children receiving , HIV-1-specific antibody levels can be useful markers for measuring viral suppression or for low residual cell-associated HIV-1 DNA levels.

Evidence of Zika Congenital Syndrome in Pre-Term Newborn

Evidence of Zika Congenital Syndrome in Pre-Term Newborn

Case-study demonstrates that epithelial cells are susceptible to congenitally acquired Zika virus.

New Assay Efficacious for Diagnosing Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis and Rifampin Resistance

New Assay Efficacious for Diagnosing Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis and Rifampin Resistance

Xpert MTB/RIF may be helpful for confirming a diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis and can accurately detect resistance to rifampicin.

ALT-70 Model Provides Accurate Diagnosis of Lower Extremity Cellulitis

ALT-70 Model Provides Accurate Diagnosis of Lower Extremity Cellulitis

The widespread implementation of ALT-70 into clinical practice may help decrease misdiagnosis rates of lower-extremity cellulitis.

Tuberculosis Assessment More Efficient With Sputum Molecular Testing

Tuberculosis Assessment More Efficient With Sputum Molecular Testing

In patients with possible tuberculosis, sputum molecular testing may facilitate a more accurate and efficient assessment of disease.

Review of Diagnostic Tools for Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections

Review of Diagnostic Tools for Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections

The journal Annals of Emergency Medicine recently published an article reviewing the tools used to diagnose necrotizing soft tissue infection.

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