MicroRNAs are currently under investigation for various clinical applications in infectious disease because of their role in host response to infection and effects on innate and adaptive immune pathways.
Differences in serum inflammatory markers may exist between patients with community-acquired pneumonia who present within the first 48 hours of symptom onset vs those who present later.
Based on these data and the potential change in follow-up care, the HPV mRNA assay should not be used for a primary screening tool for cervical cancer.
Adults with community-acquired pneumonia that is visualized on CT scan but not on concurrent chest radiograph have similar pathogens, disease severity, and outcomes as patients who had pneumonia confirmed via chest radiograph.
Results provide insights into the deployment of diagnostic tools for efforts to eliminate schistosomiasis in low endemic regions.
Implementation of the sepsis calculator in daily clinical decision-making may be feasible in conjunction with existing protocols, with high adherence.
Further research on rapid tests is warranted, as industry-sponsored research tends to favor the industry's product and affects how physicians practice medicine.
Researchers validated the clinical sensitivity of the T2Candida panel for the diagnosis of bloodstream infections caused by the 5 most common pathogenic Candida species.
Prompt diagnosis of tick-borne diseases is essential but testing methods have been imprecise. Learn about some recent testing advances for Lyme disease and other tick-borne illnesses.
Babesia parasites are transmitted by common deer ticks, with approximately 1000 to 2000 cases reported each year primarily in Northeastern and Midwestern states.
A novel method - Antibody Detection by Agglutination-PCR (ADAP) - was developed to diagnose HIV in oral fluid samples. ADAP is both highly sensitive and highly specific and may allow noninvasive early diagnosis of HIV in population-based screening efforts.
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Infectious Disease Advisor Articles
- Generic HIV Medicines: Boon or Bust?
- Insulin-Treated Diabetes Reduces Dysglycemia-Related Mortality in Sepsis
- It Costs $2.2 Billion a Year to Treat Antibiotic Resistance
- Tricyclic Antidepressants May Reduce Cirrhosis Risk in Hepatitis C
- Pregnancy May Be Independently Associated With Prolonged Detection of Zika Virus RNA
- Clostridium difficile Infection in the Intensive Care Setting
- Combating Medically Important Antibiotic Use in Food-Producing Animals
- Religious Exemptions vs Mandatory Vaccinations: An Expert Perspective
- 2018 Vaccination Schedule: Adults
- Fingerstick Point-of-Care Test Allows for Single-Visit HCV Diagnoses
- Glecaprevir/Pibrentasvir Highly Efficacious for HCV/HIV Coinfection
- Fluoroquinolone Use May Increase Risk for Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection
- Reduced Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in DAA-Treated HCV Infection
- Paracetamol Overuse During Cold and Flu Season
- C difficile Risk Higher With Stoma Reversal vs Colectomy