AAN has issued a practice guideline update for vaccine-preventable infections and immunizations for individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). A subcommittee of the AAN — tasked with developing, disseminating and implementing these guidelines — found improvements and additions to the recommendations previously issued in 2002.
The American College of Physicians endorses the necessity of a comprehensive process for disclosure of potential conflicts of interest to ensure the integrity of clinical guidelines and guidance statements.
Lyme disease, a vector-borne illness caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi, is transmitted to humans by deer ticks. It is currently nearing endemic levels of infection in North America; the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported a 130.6% increase in confirmed cases between 1997 and 2017 (12,801-29,513 cases, respectively)1. Other…
Infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a significant public health problem throughout the world and constitutes a major global cause of morbidity and mortality. Recent estimates indicate that the global rate of HCV seroprevalence increased to 2.8% in the last decade, which corresponds to >185 million cases of HCV worldwide.1 To reduce the…
Further patient advocacy is needed to ensure that recipients of HCV-infected organs have access to direct-acting antivirals as early as possible, including in a prophylactic manner, if data continue to support its benefit.
Although most providers are familiar with the symptoms of Lyme disease, coinfection with other tickborne illnesses such as babesiosis, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, and human monocytic ehrlichiosis is possible and becoming more prevalent.
Researchers found data that showed initiatives to test for hepatitis are vital to decrease infections because many patients remain asymptomatic for years, which is when chronic infection leads to complications.
Infection control and prevention (ICP) strategies represent an integral part of care for patients with oncologic diseases. Although the relevant guidelines often include established practices such as hand hygiene, barrier isolation, control of air quality, prevention of device-related infections, and prophylactic antifungal and antibiotic use, there are currently no consensus recommendations pertaining to ICP strategies…
Researchers found data that showed infection-associated cancers are attributable to hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, human papillomaviruses, and the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. Approximately half of all cancers in the United States are preventable. Also, the CDC suggests that identifying organ donors who are at high risk for oncoviruses and providing post-treatment to donor recipients for infection will mitigate oncovirus risks.
This article describes the populations at high risk for HIV infection and reports the results of a collaborative, multifaceted educational intervention designed to reduce the documented disparities related to HIV care and prevention.
Researchers found data that showed chronic hepatitis C virus infection is a risk factor for cardiovascular events, including coronary artery disease and heart failure. To improve cardiovascular and liver outcomes, they recommend the use of direct-acting antiviral therapy.