Researchers conducted a randomized trial that compared the effects of 3 treatment regimens for the prevention of tuberculosis infection among individuals with HIV infection currently taking antiretroviral therapy.
Investigators sought to determine whether preoperative hair removal, including the method, timing, or setting of removal increases the risk for surgical site infection compared with no removal.
Many patients developed irreversible blindness, according to the report.
Patients with H pylori infection had a higher likelihood of having evidence of carotid atherosclerosis and higher BMI and triglyceride levels.
However, no differences seen in readmission based on number of physician days worked.
0.5-mg and 1-mg tablets may contain levels of N-nitroso-varenicline at or above levels approved by the FDA.
Advisory panel will review a variety of evidence, including new data from Israel.
Majority of trials do not specify Black enrollment target and do not report specific plans to enroll Black adults in their studies.
Investigators sought to identify factors associated with septic shock development and 30-day mortality in patients admitted to an intensive care unit for treatment of candidemia.
Investigators conducted a study to determine whether empiric antibiotic therapy with adjunctive gentamicin improves outcomes in patients with septic shock admitted to the intensive care unit.
Researchers assessed the sex-specific association between self-reported sleep duration and mortality in an East Asian population.
Researchers investigated the prevalence, natural history, and clinical significance of pulmonary disease in outpatients with SARS-CoV-2.
Screening recommended for all women aged 24 years and younger and those aged 25 years and older at increased infection risk.
Highest population immunity level of 77.2 percent found for adults aged 65 years and older; lowest level of 17.9 percent seen for children younger than 12 years.
More than half of children and adolescents receiving active oncologic treatment had modifications to cancer-directed therapy.
Vaccine efficacy substantially higher against severe disease than against infection; no evidence seen for declining protection against severe disease.
A large case-control study conducted in Scotland assessed the risk for both hospitalization for COVID-19 and severe COVID-19 among teachers and their household members vs adults in the general population.
In a qualitative study, researchers assessed the impact of COVID‐19 pandemic on the self‐care of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
Compared with nonpharmacologic approaches, research consistently supports the benefits of medication for opioid use disorder, including fewer deaths, higher rates of sustained recovery, and greater cost-effectiveness.
No association seen for acquisition of hospital-acquired respiratory pathogen with fatal outcomes for patients with COVID-19.