Results from a narrative review published in the Journal of Medical Ethics suggest broad yet conditional support for data sharing among patients and the general public, with many studies citing concerns about confidentiality, privacy, data security, risk management, and accountability.
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have identified a target gene in mosquitos that renders the insects completely refractory to all 4 serotypes of the dengue virus and thus, incapable of transmitting the virus to humans, according to study results published in PLoS Pathogens.1 Dengue fever is caused by infection with 1 of…
A report on the largest multistate produce-linked Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli outbreak in the United States highlighted challenges in determining the route of contaminated lettuce and in providing rapid, actionable guidance during an outbreak.
Treatment with cotrimoxazole in infants exposed to HIV but uninfected (HEU) increases resistance gene prevalence and α-diversity and decreases microbial taxonomic, functional pathway, and resistance gene β-diversity.
Patients who received heart transplants from hepatitis C virus-positive vs -negative donors were found to have comparable survival at 1 year and patients who developed transplant-related hepatitis C responded well to treatment.
Researchers found that in patients with hepatitis B virus there are differences in patients with fatty liver and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, which can be accurately quantified with second-harmonic generation and 2-photon excited fluorescence.