MicroRNAs are currently under investigation for various clinical applications in infectious disease because of their role in host response to infection and effects on innate and adaptive immune pathways.
A new treatment-decision score for the diagnosis of TB in children with HIV performed well, and when used in an algorithm may facilitate prompt treatment decision making for children at a high risk for mortality.
The use of guideline recommendations from the IDSA for neuroimaging in the management of community-acquired bacterial meningitis is most likely to lead to detection of major head CT scan findings that subsequently affect clinical management.
Researchers have developed a clinical prediction tool to estimate the probabilities of third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, and multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Investigators recommend blood culture bottle system for culturing periprosthetic tissue specimens due to its ability to efficiently and rapidly detect a wider range of bacteria compared with conventional microbiology methods.
After the first human case of leptospirosis was reported in the United States Virgin Islands following Hurricanes Irma and Maria, the US Virgin Islands arbovirus surveillance system was adapted to include leptospirosis surveillance.