Treatment with cotrimoxazole in infants exposed to HIV but uninfected (HEU) increases resistance gene prevalence and α-diversity and decreases microbial taxonomic, functional pathway, and resistance gene β-diversity.
Positive results for only 18 percent of challenge tests to non-β-lactam antibiotics
Exposure to certain types of oral antibiotics may be associated with an elevated risk for Parkinson disease.
A considerable proportion of antibiotics are prescribed without a documented indication.
For patients with pharyngotonsillitis caused by group A streptococci, treatment with penicillin V four times a day for 5 days was comparable with penicillin V three times a day for 10 days
In women from 2 independent ethnic groups relocating from Thailand to the United States, investigators found a rapid increase in gut microbiome antibiotic resistance genes richness and abundance.
Recent reports present updated summaries of common pathogens and antimicrobial resistance patterns among health care-associated infections.
Progress has been made in slowing antibiotic resistance-associated deaths.
Use of at least five drugs recommended for intensive-phase treatment, four drugs for continuation phase
Researchers aimed to determine the association of antibiotic usage and rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis and flares.
The majority of patients with cystic fibrosis experience at least 1 antibiotic adverse drug reaction.
The FDA has granted QIDP designation and Fast Track designation to ATM-AVI for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections and more.
There appears to be an increased risk of cardiac symptoms, but not cardiac arrhythmias, in patients using stimulants and quinolone antibiotics concomitantly.
Many older adults do not follow instructions related to antibiotic use.
In this study, we found that early first antibiotic administration was associated with improved outcomes in ED patients with septic shock using propensity score analysis.
For the treatment of drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, ceftolozane/tazobactam regimens are superior to alternative therapies.
Postoperative antibiotic prescriptions are associated with reduced rates of infections after facial plastic surgery.
Although uptake was limited, prophylactic treatment with moxifloxacin was well-tolerated in individuals with evidence of latent tuberculosis who were in contact with patients with high-risk multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.
Compared with intravenous treatment, oral antimicrobial therapy reduced hospital stays for patients with acute pyelonephritis caused by extended-spectrum, β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriales.
Most office-based physicians who provide STI services report not having on-site access to the recommended injectable medications for same-day treatment of gonorrhea and syphilis.