Whole genome sequencing data that are now housed in a national monitoring system of antibiotic-resistant Salmonella bacteria may assist in tracking antibiotic resistance patterns, according to a prepared statement issued by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).1
The National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) is an an interagency partnership among the CDC, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), as well as state and local health departments. It is the only source of national information on antibiotic resistance in foodborne pathogens.
By including genome sequencing data, health officials have the tools to rapidly detect genes that make bacteria resistant to some antibiotics, allowing officials with the CDC to effectively track antibiotic resistance patterns and trends, officials with the CDC explained.
An interactive tool – NARMS Now: Human Data – has also been created: http://wwwn.cdc.gov/narmsnow/.2
The most recent national data on antibiotic resistance among several types of bacteria that commonly cause gastrointestinal infections can be found in the 2014 NARMS Annual Human Isolates Report.
Published by the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID) and the Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases (DFWED), the report authors note that these bacteria are most commonly spread via food and include: Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, Escherichia coli O157, and Vibrio species.
1. CDC releases genetic data on antibiotic resistant Salmonella infections [press release]. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Published August 29, 2016.
2. NARMS 2014 Human Isolates Surveillance Report. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Updated August 26, 2016.