The authors review gut dysfunction and microbiota changes during HIV infection and IBD and discuss how they may induce a dysfunctional mucosal barrier, dysbiosis, and changes on the cellular level, including monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells.
Rates of HIV-associated dementia have decreased from approximately 50% in the pre-cART era to 2% currently. However, roughly 50% of patients treated with cART have the milder forms of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND).
Researchers used propensity matching to examine the risk of incident/recurrent CVD or death, incident CVD, and incident heart failure by antihypertensive class among veterans with HIV and incident hypertension.
Women living with HIV have a unique set of mental health risks and stressors, but are their needs being met? Healthcare providers should be aware of these 5 ways that women with HIV are experiencing detriments to their mental health.
The researchers’ goal was to compare HIV reservoirs in children aged 5 to 12 years and adolescents aged 13 to 17 years who started combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) before the age of 6 months vs after the age of 2 years.
The acceleration of the COVID-19 pandemic continues to stress health care systems and exacerbate disparities in many communities, highlighting the importance of identifying patients at elevated risk of severe disease for COVID-19 vaccine prioritization.
Study authors identified a new tool to support pre-exposure prophylaxis adherence for HIV prevention, primarily in how adequate urine tenofovir levels measured in an immunoassay predicted HIV protection.