Experts discuss the various imaging modalities for children who require diagnostic workup beyond urine culture, as well as the consequences of overusing antibiotics and antibiotic route of administration.
Researchers examined the prevalence of HIV drug resistance patterns among HIV-infected infants using 3 nationally representative surveys in South Africa that evaluated the effectiveness of national programs to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
A new treatment-decision score for the diagnosis of TB in children with HIV performed well, and when used in an algorithm may facilitate prompt treatment decision making for children at a high risk for mortality.
In 2018, adolescent vaccination coverage in the United States continued to improve for meningococcal and HPV vaccines and remains high for tetanus and reduced diphtheria toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine.
The researchers discovered that while babies delivered vaginally received most of their gut bacteria from their mothers, babies delivered by cesarean birth did not. In addition, babies delivered by cesarean harbored more bacteria commonly associated with hospital.
Antibiotic use within the previous 3 months and Middle Eastern ethnic background were risk factors for community-acquired urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli in children treated at the Children’s Hospital of Michigan, according to study results published in Infectious Diseases. In this single center retrospective study, researchers identified 111 cases…
Although incidence of tuberculosis is low and continues to decline among children in the United States, the disease disproportionately affects children of certain ethnicities, and those with immigrant parents.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) reaffirmed the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ (ACOG) recommendation for the use of universal antenatal microbiologic testing for detecting maternal group B streptococcal (GBS) colonization to facilitate appropriate administration of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, according to a clinical report recently published in Pediatrics.1 In addition, the report provides current…
This study shows that full EV-A71 vaccination was effective in preventing EV-A71-associated hand, foot, and mouth disease in children, and partial vaccination may also provide protective effects, especially in older children.