This study shows that full EV-A71 vaccination was effective in preventing EV-A71-associated hand, foot, and mouth disease in children, and partial vaccination may also provide protective effects, especially in older children.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae immunoglobulin M antibody-secreting cells were successfully used to differentiate between those with M pneumoniae infection and carriers in a pediatric population.
Investigators studied trends in cough and cold medicine for children, comparing physician recommendations for antihistamines.
Investigators found a decline in pediatric herpes zoster incidence and a significantly lower incidence among vaccinated children.
In conjunction with its release of the adult guidelines earlier this year, the ACIP earlier this year has issued an annual update on pediatric immunization schedules.
Undervaccinated and especially unvaccinated children were at greater risk for pertussis.
Prevalence of nonadherence increased from preadolescence to late adolescence/young adulthood
Two studies investigating the safety of dolutegravir-based ART during pregnancy found that higher rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes did not occur in women who initiated treatment before conception.
Compared with conventional testing programs, point-of-care testing for early HIV diagnosis substantially reduced the turnaround time for HIV test results and enabled earlier ART initiation in infants.
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome occurs commonly in infants and young children with HIV initiating ART in countries with a high prevalence of HIV and TB.
There were no associations found between exposure to the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccine during pregnancy and most 5-year pediatric outcomes.
Providing an educational handout about influenza disease in the waiting room before a pediatric provider visit may increase receipt of child influenza vaccine.
Implementation of the rotavirus vaccination program has significantly reduced the prevalence of rotavirus disease and altered its seasonal patterns in the United States.
Short-term use of doxycycline in pediatric patients younger than 8 years old does not appear to discolor teeth or weaken tooth enamel.
New guidelines for the management and treatment of group B streptococcal disease in infants published.
According to results from the MINISTONE-2 trial, baloxavir marboxil (Xofluza) was found to be safe and effective in children 1 to less than 12 years old with an influenza infection.
Infants have a low probability of invasive bacterial infection if they are ≤60 days old with a fever by history only and have a normal urinalysis result.
Findings of a recently updated systematic review support the WHO recommendation that children infected with HIV should be revaccinated against measles following immune reconstitution with combination antiretroviral therapy.
Implementation of rotavirus vaccination has reduced disease prevalence and season duration in the United States.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis and abnormal protein and glucose levels were not predictive of a positive result on the FilmArray Meningitis/Encephalitis Panel (FA-M/E), according to research presented at American Society of Microbiology (ASM) Microbe 2019 held from June 20-24, 2019 in San Francisco, California. Researchers conducted the study to assess whether abnormal CSF parameters are…