Researchers of studies on the effect of conflict-driven migration on rates of hepatitis indicate that mass migration from high-burden countries has significantly increased the prevalence of both hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the host nation.
In a randomized clinical trial, the use of lithium-heparin tubes for diversion of blood prior to aspiration of culture led to a 60% decrease in blood culture contamination compared with aspiration after obtaining culture.
Healthcare costs in the United States are approaching 18% of the country’s GDP, a figure greater than any other nation in the world. However, according to a 2012 analysis, up to 34% of this spending could be categorized as waste.
With an improved specificity, an updated algorithm for the detection of UTIs in patients with relapsing MS addresses previous issues concerning the unnecessary prescription of antibiotics, whilst improving accuracy and maintaining safety.
The framework for risk-benefit evaluations used in research can shed light on ways of balancing potential social benefits and individual risks that are missing from existing ethical frameworks for public health.