Use of at least five drugs recommended for intensive-phase treatment, four drugs for continuation phase
In 60-year follow-up, significantly lower lung cancer rates seen for those with childhood BCG vaccination
Patients with viral respiratory infections exhibited poorer outcomes following transplantation compared with patients without infection.
Patients with established chronic lung allograft dysfunction may have a higher risk for respiratory syncytial virus infections, but lung function decline does not appear to be significantly affected.
Active acute respiratory illness surveillance can be implemented among patients and staff in an adult long-term care facility.
An outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease that has sickened 116 and killed one at the state fair may have started at a hot tub display.
Treatment for latent tuberculosis infection among patients between age 65 and 78 years has been shown to be relatively well tolerated, with completion rates decreasing according to age.
Revised NHANES-based estimate for prevalence of latent TB infection excludes those who report prior tx
Janssen announced that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for their investigational prophylactic vaccine for the prevention of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-mediated lower respiratory tract disease in adults aged 60 years and older. RSV is a highly prevalent and contagious respiratory infection. It is the most common cause of bronchitis…
Mycoplasma pneumoniae immunoglobulin M antibody-secreting cells were successfully used to differentiate between those with M pneumoniae infection and carriers in a pediatric population.
The FDA has approved Sirturo (bedaquiline; Janssen) for use in pediatric patients aged 12 to less than 18 years for MDR-TB.
All forms of rifampin-resistant tuberculosis may be positively associated with HIV and increased mortality.
An association has been identified between newly diagnosed active tuberculosis, diabetes, and body mass index.
The CDC announced an expected 3 to 10 month shortage of Aplisol (tuberculin purified protein derivative [PPD], diluted), used as an aid in the diagnosis of tuberculosis.
Compared with standard of care tests and most clinical signs, the molecular bacterial load assay demonstrated higher sensitivity and more rapid turnaround times for monitoring tuberculosis treatment.
Based on the 2016 International Working Group (IWG) diagnostic criteria for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), outcomes are relatively similar between patients with IPF with pneumonia and patients with an acute IPF exacerbation.
Guidelines have been updated for screening and treatment for tuberculosis infection among health care personnel.
Oral voriconazole may be more effective than oral itraconazole for initial maintenance therapy in patients with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis, according to a study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases.1 Currently, there are 4 oral anti-Aspergillus agents available (itraconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole, and isavuconazole) and while various studies have evaluated treatments for chronic pulmonary aspergillosis with itraconazole and…
Prospective surveillance of enterovirus D68 is contributing to a better understanding of its epidemiology and should be continued.
The incidence of tuberculosis in the United States in 2018 was 2.8 cases per 100,000 persons, which is the lowest ever reported.