Investigators sought to identify the effect of treatment with bedaquiline and delamanid, individually or combined, on the QTc interval among patients with resistant tuberculosis.
In patients with respiratory P aeruginosa infection, an increase in the bacterial production of elastase may increase lung tissue inflammation.
Researchers investigated the connection between gut microbiota composition and lung COPD development.
Investigators assessed whether atorvastatin, simvastatin, rosuvastatin, fluvastatin, or pravastatin were associated with tuberculosis infection rates.
Study authors assessed the noninferiority of posaconazole to voriconazole for the primary treatment of invasive aspergillosis.
A team of investigators sought to determine the prevalence of definitive andindeterminate Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia among patients with CAP.
This randomized controlled trial prospectively measured diagnostic and prognostic performance of RISK11 for the triage of prevalent and prediction of incident tuberculosis in South African adults.
Researchers conducted a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis to examine the overall effect of delayed antibiotic prescribing on average symptom severity for patients with respiratory tract infections.
Investigators conducted assessed whether oxylipins with proresolving capabilities reduces symptoms and sped up recovery in acute rhinovirus colds.
Indoor mold exposure and the presence of anti-Aspergillus antibodies may be linked to worsened lung function during exacerbations in COPD.
Researchers examined correlations between SAT, IMAT, and pectoralis PM areas from chest CT with mortality in individuals with COPD.
Researchers used data from wave 4 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health to estimate interest in e-cigarette discontinuation among 30,191 US adults.
Researchers analyzed pooled patient data from 2 hospital-based respiratory virus surveillance cohorts to assess the burden of noninfluenza respiratory virus (NIRV) infection.
Researchers described the incidence of tuberculosis cases in the United States in 2020.
Researchers studied macrolide resistance in patients with a positive S pneumoniae blood or respiratory culture.
Treatment with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole was associated with improvements in lung function and decreased visits to the emergency department among children with asthma.
Compared with the absence of asthma, the presence of asthma is associated with a comparable risk of hospitalization and use of mechanical ventilation, and a lower risk of mortality in patients with COVID-19.
Is testing for Legionella pneumophila appropriate and could it impact treatment?
Researchers assessed whether there was geographic variation in racial disparity in influenza and pneumonia.
One of the goals of this review is to synthesize literature on risk factors for unresolved TB-associated hyperglycemia in previously undiagnosed individuals.