Members of the PRISM trial group investigated whether CPAP administered immediately after major abdominal surgery could prevent postoperative morbidity.
The researchers tested their hypothesis that a decrease in respiratory virus incidence would be associated with a reduction in inappropriate ambulatory antibiotic orders.
Researchers studied patients with pulmonary tuberculosis to better understand the impact of sex on mortality and sputum microbiological status after treatment initiation.
Researchers compared clinical outcomes of single vs double antipseudomonal antibiotics used to treat pulmonary exacerbations in patients with cystic fibrosis.
Researchers compared trends in antibiotic prescription rates during the period preceding the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV), as well as the early and late PCV periods, among Jewish vs Bedouin children.
Researchers conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of a 4-week course of oral amoxicillin-clavulanate in children with suspected protracted bacterial bronchitis.
Researchers conducted a phase 3 trial to ascertain whether treatment regimens including rifapentine with or without moxifloxacin can provide a lasting cure for drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis in 4 months vs 6 months of standard therapy.
Current electronic cigarette use, frequent use, and flavored e-cigarette use is high among high school and middle school students in the United States.
The vaccine contains capsular polysaccharide conjugates for 7 additional serotypes (8, 10A, 11A, 12F, 15B, 22F and 33F) that cause invasive pneumococcal disease.
Researchers report findings from SAATELLITE, a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial that assessed the safety and efficacy of suvratoxumab for Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia.
A case study published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report describes an outbreak of Chlamydia psittaci among works at chicken slaughter plants in the southeast United States.
A retrospective cohort study was conducted to assess tolerability, side effects, and outcomes following treatment with low-dose amikacin in patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.
Investigators sought to determine what combination of minimally invasive specimens is most effective for the diagnosis of tuberculosis in children.
Study investigators conducted a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy and safety of aspirin as an adjunctive therapy in patients with tubercular meningitis.
Investigators conducted a prospective study to assess rates of completion of screening and preventive therapy for latent tuberculosis infection.
Positive topline results were announced from two phase 3 studies evaluating V114, an investigational 15-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, in pediatric patients for the prevention of invasive pneumococcal disease.
Investigators conducted a retrospective observational study to assess outcomes following treatment with ceftazidime-avibactam for Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing K pneumonia infections.
A team of investigators sought to estimate the burden of acute respiratory illness in ambulatory care settings for 12 respiratory viruses in Washington state during the 2018-2019 influenza season.
Investigators sought to identify the effect of treatment with bedaquiline and delamanid, individually or combined, on the QTc interval among patients with resistant tuberculosis.
In patients with respiratory P aeruginosa infection, an increase in the bacterial production of elastase may increase lung tissue inflammation.