Approaches to emergency department community-acquired pneumonia care can incorporate either guideline-based serial clinical assessment or procalcitonin-driven strategies.
The novel combination antibacterial agent ceftolozane/tazobactam had comparable clinical and microbiologic response rates to meropenem in treating gram-negative nosocomial pneumonia.
A combination dose of ceftolozane/tazobactam is noninferior to meropenem for treating nosocomial pneumonia.
The presence of low serum albumin and crazy paving ground glass opacities on high-resolution computed tomography at the time of non-HIV Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia diagnosis were predictive of poor prognosis.
A novel antibiotic, lefamulin, may not be inferior to moxifloxacin in efficacy and safety for the treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia.
Expert opinions on judgment-based criteria for the assessment of antimicrobial treatment efficacy in HABP and VABP are heterogenous.
Researchers conducted a post hoc analysis on antipneumococcal antibody responses in patients with SLE previously immunized with the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine.
A new algorithm can search administrative data for individuals with HAP and VAP, who are at significant risk for carbapenem-resistant infection.
A double-blind trial found omadacycline to be noninferior to moxifloxacin for the treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia.
Patients who either are currently or have recently taken benzodiazepines may have an increased risk for pneumonia.
Patients diagnosed with community-acquired pneumonia with higher levels of fibroblast growth factor-21 may have higher mortality rates and longer hospitalizations.
The diagnostic criteria for community acquired pneumonia within randomized controlled trials are highly heterogeneous.
Risk greatest with higher-dose opioids and opioids with immunosuppressive properties
Number of clinical pneumonia episodes in children 5 years reduced 22 percent in developing countries.
Adults hospitalized for pneumonia who received an influenza vaccination during their stay were less likely to seroconvert if they had diabetes, bacterial detection, baseline seropositive titers for influenza B, or influenza vaccination in the previous season.
Compared with those at children’s hospitals, children receiving CAP care at other hospital types are less likely to be treated as per national guidelines.
Previous results stated that Legionella pneumonia characteristics may not differ between individuals with HIV and individuals who do not have HIV.
A marked and rapid reduction in PCV13 serotype, the most common antibiotic-nonsusceptible S pneumoniae, carriage was observed in both ethnic populations included in this study.
Treating severe community-acquired pneumonia with a combination of corticosteroids and antibiotics may be a cost-effective strategy.
Results showed pks carriage by a causative strain was an independent risk factor for 30-day mortality in patients with K pneumoniae bloodstream infections, especially when accompanied by MDR.