2020 CATCHUP VACCINATION SCHEDULE: 4 MONTHS−18 YEARS*  

Vaccine  Minimum
Age for Dose 1 
Minimum Interval Between Doses  
Dose 1 to Dose 2  Dose 2 to Dose 3  Dose 3 to Dose 4  Dose 4 to Dose 5 

Persons Aged 4 Months−6 Years  
HepB^{1}  Birth  4 weeks 
8 weeks and at least 16wks after 1st dose; minimum age for the final dose is 24wks 

RV^{2}  6 weeks maximum age 14wks, 6 days for 1st dose  4 weeks  4 weeks maximum age 8mos, 0 days for final dose  
DTaP^{3}  6 weeks  4 weeks  4 weeks  6 months  6 months^{3} 
Hib^{4}  6 weeks 
4 weeks if 1st dose given before 1st birthday 8 weeks (as final dose) if 1st dose given at age 12−14mos No further doses needed if 1st dose given at age ≥15mos 
4 weeks^{4} if current age is <12mos and 1st dose was given at <7mos of age, and at least 1 previous dose was PRPT (ActHib, Pentacel, Hiberix) or unknown 8 weeks and age 12−59mos (as final dose)^{4} if current age is <12mos and 1st dose was given at age 7−11mos; OR if current age is 12−59mos and 1st dose was given before 1st birthday, and 2nd dose given at <15mos of age; OR if both doses were PRPOMP (PedvaxHIB; Comvax) and were given before 1st birthday No further doses needed if previous dose given at age ≥15mos 
8 weeks (as final dose) This dose only necessary for ages 12−59mos who received 3 doses before 1st birthday 

PCV13, PPSV23^{5}  6 weeks 
4 weeks if 1st dose given before 1st birthday 8 weeks (as final dose for healthy children) if 1st dose given at or after 1st birthday No further doses needed for healthy children if 1st dose given at age ≥24mos 
4 weeks if current age <12mos and previous dose given at age <7mos 8 weeks (as final dose for healthy children) previous dose given between 7−11mos (wait until at least 12mos old); OR if current age is ≥12mos and at least 1 dose was given before age 12mos. No further doses needed for healthy children if previous dose given at age ≥24mos 
8 weeks (as final dose) This dose only necessary for ages 12−59mos who received 3 doses before age 12mos or for highrisk children who received 3 doses at any age 

IPV^{6}  6 weeks  4 weeks^{6}  4 weeks^{6} if person is <4yrs 6 months (as final dose) if person is ≥4yrs 
6 months^{6} minimum age 4yrs for final dose 

MMR^{8}  12 months  4 weeks  
VAR^{9}  12 months  3 months  
HepA^{10}  12 months  6 months  
Meningococcal^{11}  2 months: Menveo; 9 months: Menactra  8 weeks^{11}  see footnote 11  see footnote 11  
Persons Aged 7−18 Years  
Meningococcal^{11}  N/A  8 weeks^{11}  
Td/Tdap^{12}  7 years^{12}  4 weeks 
4 weeks if 1st dose of DTaP/DT given before 1st birthday 6 months (as final dose) if 1st dose of DTaP/DT or Tdap/Td given at or after 1st birthday 
6 months if 1st dose of DTaP/DT given before 1st birthday 

HPV^{13}  9 years  Routine dosing intervals are recommended^{13}  
HepA^{10}  N/A  6 months  
HepB^{1}  N/A  4 weeks 
8 weeks and at least 16wks after 1st dose 

IPV^{6}  N/A  4 weeks  6 months^{6} A 4th dose is not necessary if 3rd dose given at age ≥4yrs and ≥6mos after previous dose  A 4th dose is indicated if all previous doses were given at age <4yrs or if 3rd dose given <6mos after 2nd dose  
MMR^{8}  N/A  4 weeks  
VAR^{9}  N/A 
3 months if person is <13yrs 4 weeks if person is ≥13yrs 

Footnotes to 2020 CATCHUP VACCINATION SCHEDULES: 4 MONTHS−18 YEARS OF AGE  
*The tables provide catch‑up schedules and minimum intervals between doses for children whose vaccinations have been delayed. A vaccine series does not need to be restarted, regardless of the time that has elapsed between doses. Use the section appropriate for the child’s age. Always use this table in conjunction with the child and adolescent immunization schedules (“Vaccination Schedule: 0−18 Years of Age”) and their respective footnotes. 1. Hepatitis B (HepB) vaccine. (Minimum age: birth) • Unvaccinated persons should complete a 3dose series at 0, 1–2, 6mos. • A 2‑dose series (doses separated by at least 4mos) of adult formulation Recombivax HB may be given to children aged 11−15yrs. • A 2dose series of HepB (HeplisavB) at least 4wks apart, or a 3 or 4dose series of the combined HepA and HepB vaccine (Twinrix) may be given to adolescents aged ≥18yrs. 2. Rotavirus (RV) vaccines (Minimum age: 6wks for both RV1 [Rotarix] and RV5 [RotaTeq]) • Vaccination series should not be initiated on or after age 15wks, 0 days. The maximum age for final dose is 8mos, 0 days. • Administer a 2dose series (Rotarix) or a 3dose series (Rotateq). If any dose in the series is either Rotateq or unknown, default to a 3dose series. 3. Diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine. (Minimum age: 6wks. Exception: DTaP‑IPV [Kinrix, Quadracel]: 4yrs) • The 5th dose of DTaP vaccine is not needed if 4th dose was given at age ≥4yrs and ≥6mos after 3rd dose. 4. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine. (Minimum age: 6wks for PRP‑T [ACTHIB, DTaP‑IPV/Hib (Pentacel), Hiberix], PRP‑OMP [PedvaxHIB]) • If the 1st dose was given at age 7−11mos, give the 2nd dose at least 4wks later and a 3rd (and final) dose at age 12−15mos or 8wks after 2nd dose, whichever is later. • If 1st dose was given at ages 12−14mos, give 2nd (final) dose at least 8wks after dose 1. • If first dose is given before 1st birthday and 2nd dose is given <15mos of age, a 3rd (and final) dose should be given 8wks after 2nd dose. • If 2 doses of PedvaxHIB were given before 1st birthday, the 3rd (and final) dose should be given at age 12−59mos and at least 8wks after the 2nd dose. • For unvaccinated children aged 15–59mos, give only 1 dose. • Unvaccinated children age ≥60mos who are not considered high risk do not require catchup vaccination. 5. Pneumococcal vaccines. (Minimum age: 6wks for PCV13, 2yrs for PPSV23) • Administer 1 dose of PCV13 to all healthy children aged 24−59mos with any incomplete PCV13 series. 6. Inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV). (Minimum age: 6wks) • In the first 6mos of life, minimum age and minimum intervals are only recommended if the person is at risk for imminent exposure to circulating poliovirus (eg, travel to a polioendemic region or during an outbreak). • If both trivalent OPV (tOPV) and IPV were given as part of a series, a total of 4 doses should be given to complete the series. Doses should be at least 4wks apart, with the final dose given on or after the 4th birthday and at least 6mos after the previous dose. If only OPV were given, and all doses given before 4yrs of age, 1 dose of IPV should be given at age ≥4yrs, at least 6mos after last OPV dose. • Only tOPV counts toward the US vaccination requirements. Doses of OPV given before 4/1/2016 should be counted (unless noted as given during a campaign). Doses of OPV given on or after 4/1/2016 should not be counted. • IPV is not routinely recommended for U.S. residents aged ≥18yrs. 7. Influenza vaccines. (Minimum age: 6mos for inactivated influenza vaccine [IIV], 2yrs for live attenuated influenza vaccine [LAIV], 18yrs for recombinant influenza vaccine [RIV]) • See “VACCINATION SCHEDULE: 0−18 YEARS OF AGE” for further guidance. 8. Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine. (Minimum age: 12mos for routine vaccination) • Unvaccinated persons should complete a 2dose series at least 4wks apart. • Maximum age for MMRV vaccine: 12yrs. 9. Varicella (VAR) vaccine. (Minimum age: 12mos) • Ensure that all persons aged 7−18yrs without evidence of immunity have 2 doses of varicella vaccine. For children aged 7−12yrs, the recommended interval between doses is 3mos (if the 2nd dose was given at least 4wks after the 1st dose, it can be accepted as valid); for persons aged ≥13yrs, the minimum interval between doses is 4–8wks. • Maximum age for MMRV vaccine: 12yrs. 10. Hepatitis A vaccine (HepA). (Minimum age: 12mos) • Unvaccinated children through 18yrs should complete 2 doses ≥6mos apart. • Children who previously received 1 dose at age ≥12mos should receive 2nd dose ≥6mos after 1st dose. • Adolescents aged ≥18yrs may receive a 3 or 4dose series of the combined HepA and HepB vaccine (Twinrix). 11. Meningococcal vaccines. (Minimum age: 9mos for MenACWYD [Menactra], 2mos for MenACWYCRM [Menveo], 10yrs for serogroup B meningococcal [MenB] vaccines: MenB4C [Bexsero] and MenBFHbp [Trumenba]) • MenACWY vaccines: − If the 1st dose is given at age 13−15yrs, a booster dose should be given at age 16−18yrs ≥8wks between doses. − If the 1st dose is given at age 16−18yrs, a booster dose is not needed. − If not previously vaccinated at 16yrs, give 1 dose to 1styear college students living in residential housing or military recruits. • MenB vaccines: − a 2dose series may be given based on shared clinical decisionmaking to persons 16−23yrs (16−18 preferred) who are not at increased risk. 12. Tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine. (Minimum age: 11yrs for routine vaccination, 7yrs for catchup) • Persons 13−18yrs who have not received Tdap vaccine should receive 1 dose of Tdap followed by Td or Tdap booster every 10yrs. • Persons 7−18yrs not fully immunized with DTaP should receive 1 dose of Tdap as part of the catchup series (preferably 1st dose). Give Td or Tdap if more doses are needed. • Children age 7−9yrs who receive Tdap should receive routine Tdap dose at age 11−12yrs. Children age 10yrs who receive Tdap do not need the routine Tdap dose at age 11−12yrs. • Inadvertent doses of DTaP vaccine: − If administered inadvertently at age 7–9yrs, DTaP may count as part of the catch‑up series. Routine Tdap dose should be given at age 11−12yrs. − If administered inadvertently at age 10−18yrs, the dose should be counted as the adolescent Tdap booster. 13. Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines. (Minimum age: 9yrs for 9vHPV [Gardasil 9]) • Give HPV vaccine to all adolescents age 11–12yrs (can start at 9yrs) and through age 18yrs if not previously adequately vaccinated. • Give 2 doses at 0, 6−12mos if initiating vaccination at age 9−14yrs. Minimum interval between doses is 5mos; repeat dose if given too soon. • Give 3 doses at 0, 1−2, 6mos if initiating vaccination at age ≥15yrs. Minimum intervals are 4wks between 1st and 2nd dose, 12wks between 2nd and 3rd dose; and 5mos between 1st and 3rd dose; repeat dose if given too soon. • No additional doses needed if valid vaccination series completed with any HPV vaccine. NOTE: Refer to the ACIP 2020 Recommended Child and Adolescent Immunization Schedule for Ages 18 Years or Younger footnotes for vaccinations of persons with high risk conditions or other special situations. 

CHANGES IN THE SCHEDULE SINCE LAST RELEASE  
• The Hib footnote has been revised for previously unvaccinated children ≥60mos who are not at high risk. • The HepA footnote has been revised to include that all previously unvaccinated children aged 2−18yrs should receive catchup vaccination and complete a 2dose series. • The poliovirus vaccine footnote has been revised to include detailed information regarding which OPV doses may count toward vaccination requirements. • The Tdap footnote has been updated to allow either Td or Tdap as an option for tetanus booster doses and catchup series doses in persons who have previously received Tdap. Additionally, the footnote has been edited to reflect updates for children age 7−18yrs who received Tdap or DTaP at age 7−10yrs. A dose of Tdap or DtaP given at age 10yrs may now be counted as the adolescent Tdap booster. A dose of Tdap or DTaP given at 7−9yrs should not be counted as the adolescent dose, and Tdap should be given at 11−12yrs. • The DTaP footnote has been updated to clarify the necessity of the 5th dose. 

REFERENCES  
For information on individual vaccines see product monographs, contact the manufacturer, or call the National Immunization Hotline at (800) 2324636. Source: Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). Recommended Child and Adolescent Immunization Schedule for Ages 18 years or Younger, United States, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/hcp/imz/catchup.html Accessed April 9, 2020. (Rev. 4/2020) 
This article originally appeared on MPR