New data suggest commensal respiratory microbiota play a significant role in susceptibility to viral infection.
Fetal development in uncomplicated pregnancies occurs in the absence of amniotic fluid microbiota and offspring microbial colonization starts after uterine contractions and rupture of amniotic membrane.
Gut bacteria may be tied to sepsis-related brain dysfunction.
Study evaluated the association between the concentrations of specific vaginal bacteria and increased risk for HIV acquisition in African women.
Vaginal microbiota composition is a risk factor for subsequent preterm prelabor rupture of the fetal membranes and is associated with adverse short-term maternal and neonatal outcomes.
The interactions between HIV, ART, human sexual behavior, and the gut microbiome are complex and sorting out these interactions will be important to design future interventions.
Vaginal microbiota dominated by L iners has been shown to exhibit rapid change in composition in and out of community states similar to bacterial vaginosis.
Mothers' use of antibiotics affects infant gut composition up to a month later.
SYN-004, ribaxamase, is an oral B-lactamase medication to be combined with intravenous β-lactam antibiotics to prevent disruption of the gut microbiome.
Compared with fidaxomicin, ridinilazole preserved gut microbiome diversity to a greater extent in the treatment of Clostridium difficile infection.
Lower microbial diversity in the respiratory tract was linked with prophylactic antibiotic use and less airway inflammation in cystic fibrosis.
The microbiome of the area on the penis located under the foreskin in uncircumcised straight men has been linked to increased risk for contracting HIV.
Therapeutic donor microbes can remain for months or years in patients who've undergone fecal microbiota transplantation.
Tenofovir gel reduced the incidence of HIV infection by 61% in women with Lactobacillus-dominant vaginal flora but only 18% in women with non-Lactobacillus bacteria, according to a new study.
An imbalance in gut microbiota may be associated with the progression of Parkinson's disease.
Breast-feeding throughout the first year of infant's life was found to influence the bacterial composition and diversity of the infant gut microbiome in a dose-dependent manner.
New study suggests that the vaginal microbiome may modify tenofovir delivery.
The abundance of certain bacterial taxa in the cervicovaginal microbiome plays a role in the risk of acquiring HIV infection.
Stool samples from a racially diverse group of infants were used to map the bacterial and fungal gut environment.
Increased levels of harmful bacteria boost the risk for hospital-acquired infections, researchers say.
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Infectious Disease Advisor Articles
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