Nosocomial Infections Latest News Archive

MRSA- and MSSA-Related Hospitalization Costs Assessed

MRSA- and MSSA-Related Hospitalization Costs Assessed

Increasing costs associated with hospitalizations involving MSSA infection are expected to surpass national costs for hospitalizations associated with MRSA.

Severe Liver Failure Is Strongest Independent Risk Factor for Mortality in Infectious Endocarditis

Severe Liver Failure Is Strongest Independent Risk Factor for Mortality in Infectious Endocarditis

Severe liver failure is the strongest predictive factor of mortality related to infectious endocarditis in patients with liver cirrhosis.

Burkholderia cepacia Outbreak Tied to No-Rinse Cleansing Foam

Burkholderia cepacia Outbreak Tied to No-Rinse Cleansing Foam

As a result of the tests, the FDA is advising consumers and clinicians to avoid using all lots of Remedy Essentials No-Rinse Cleansing Foam.

Military Personnel Remain at Risk for Infection Long After Hospital Discharge

Military Personnel Remain at Risk for Infection Long After Hospital Discharge

Deployment-related trauma infectious complications continue after initial hospital discharge and into Veterans Affairs healthcare.

Drug-Related Endocarditis Cases Up From 2007 to 2015

Drug-Related Endocarditis Cases Up From 2007 to 2015

Over the last 9 years, there was an increase in the number of endocarditis cases, which mirrored the increase in concomitant use of mixed drugs.

Pharmacists Play Role in Cutting Hospital-Acquired Infections

Pharmacists Play Role in Cutting Hospital-Acquired Infections

Pharmacists are increasingly becoming involved in antibiotic surveillance, including e-surveillance methods; formulation of antibiotic-use policies; and day-to-day control of problematic antibiotic use.

Reducing Mortality in Patients With Right-Sided Infective Endocarditis

Reducing Mortality in Patients With Right-Sided Infective Endocarditis

Optimal management for severely ill patients with right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) remains challenging. The goal of this study was to determine outcome and associated prognostic factors in a population of ICU patients with RSIE.

Incidence of Surgical Site Infections Highest in Lower-Income Countries

Incidence of Surgical Site Infections Highest in Lower-Income Countries

A large proportion of surgical site infections are caused by organisms resistant to prophylactic antibiotics, with the greatest apparent burden in low- and middle-income countries

Vegetation Size May Increase Mortality Risk in Infective Endocarditis

Vegetation Size May Increase Mortality Risk in Infective Endocarditis

In this systematic review and meta-analysis, patients with infective endocarditis with vegetations greater than 10mm in size had significantly increased risk of systemic embolism and mortality.

Prophylactic Antibiotic Does Not Reduce SSI Risk After Orthopedic Implant Removal

Prophylactic Antibiotic Does Not Reduce SSI Risk After Orthopedic Implant Removal

Although removal of orthopedic implants is considered to be associated with low risk of infection, higher rates of surgical site infection following these procedures have been reported.

SHEA Releases Contact Precaution Guidelines for Multidrug-Resistant Infections

SHEA Releases Contact Precaution Guidelines for Multidrug-Resistant Infections

A new expert guidance concerning contact precautions for multidrug resistant bacteria has been released.

Prevalence of MRSA in ICU Patients After State-Mandated Surveillance

Prevalence of MRSA in ICU Patients After State-Mandated Surveillance

The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization did not decline after implementation of state-legislated active surveillance among critically ill adults.

Reducing Surgical Site Infections Using Telehealth Electronic Monitoring

Reducing Surgical Site Infections Using Telehealth Electronic Monitoring

Following vascular reconstruction, patients will receive postdischarge care that includes telehealth electronic monitoring.

Antibiotics, Mechanical Bowel Preparation Associated With Reduced SSIs

Antibiotics, Mechanical Bowel Preparation Associated With Reduced SSIs

Oral antibiotics combined with mechanical bowel preparation should be considered for all patients undergoing left-sided colorectal cancer resections.

Enteral Gram-Negative Colonization Associated With New ICU Infections

Enteral Gram-Negative Colonization Associated With New ICU Infections

Researchers concluded that risk of ICU acquired Gram-negative bacteria was low in mechanically ventilated patients receiving selective digestive tract decontamination.

Conjunctivitis More Common in Adult Women Than Men

Conjunctivitis More Common in Adult Women Than Men

Adult women have a higher prevalence of conjunctivitis than men.

Outcomes of Adolescent Sepsis Cases in Community Hospital ED

Outcomes of Adolescent Sepsis Cases in Community Hospital ED

Sepsis cases among adolescents seen in emergency departments is rare according to a recently published research letter.

Staphylococcus aureus Care Processes Associated With Reduced Mortality

Staphylococcus aureus Care Processes Associated With Reduced Mortality

Use of evidence-based care processes in routine care for Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia is associated with reduced mortality.

Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Men With Sepsis, Pneumonia

Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Men With Sepsis, Pneumonia

Men who have sepsis or pneumonia have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.

New CDC Guidelines for SSI Prevention Leave Unanswered Questions

New CDC Guidelines for SSI Prevention Leave Unanswered Questions

The CDC Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee analyzed and extracted recommendations from 176 relevant studies between 1998 and 2014 for application in reducing surgical site infection.

Fluoroquinolone-Resistant E coli: Prominent Complication in Prostate Biopsy

Fluoroquinolone-Resistant E coli: Prominent Complication in Prostate Biopsy

The most common complication of prostate biopsy is infection, with mild bleeding also reported.

Risk Factors for Early Return ED Visits for UTI Identified

Risk Factors for Early Return ED Visits for UTI Identified

Researchers found certain risk factors associated with early return visits to the emergency department in patients with UTIs.

Serratia marcescens Outbreak After Drug Tampering in US Hospital

Serratia marcescens Outbreak After Drug Tampering in US Hospital

A hospital nurse was found responsible for an outbreak of Serratia marcescens as a result of an illegal opioid diversion.

Bloodstream Infection Risk High With Use of Central Venous Catheters

Bloodstream Infection Risk High With Use of Central Venous Catheters

Use of central venous catheters is associated with the highest rates of bloodstream infections compared with other forms of vascular access.

CDC: High Rate of Legionnaires' Disease in Healthcare Facilities

CDC: High Rate of Legionnaires' Disease in Healthcare Facilities

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that 76% of US healthcare facilities reported cases of Legionnaires' disease.

Burden of Care Greater With Diabetic Foot Ulcers and Infections

Burden of Care Greater With Diabetic Foot Ulcers and Infections

Study investigated an estimated 6.7 million diabetic foot cases and the risk for emergency department or inpatient admissions and number of outpatient visits.

Narrow Window for Preoperative Antibiotics Does Not Reduce Infections

Narrow Window for Preoperative Antibiotics Does Not Reduce Infections

Narrowing the window for surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis from 60 minutes to 30 minutes before surgery did not improve rates of surgical site infection, reduce 30-day mortality, or shorten hospital lengths of stay.

Adverse Outcomes Higher in CKD With Hospital-acquired Complications

Adverse Outcomes Higher in CKD With Hospital-acquired Complications

Patients with chronic kidney disease are are at increased risk of adverse outcomes linked to preventable hospital-acquired complications.

Infective Endocarditis Outcomes in Dialysis Patients

Infective Endocarditis Outcomes in Dialysis Patients

Patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis are at higher risk for infective endocarditis than the general population and are also likely to have poorer outcomes, such as stroke and death.

Schizophrenia Associated With Increased Rates of Severe Infections

Schizophrenia Associated With Increased Rates of Severe Infections

Patients with schizophrenia are at an increased risk of facing a serious infection than those in the general population, according to research presented at the European Congress on Psychiatry.

EBV, HSV-1 May Increase Risk of Multiple Sclerosis in Children

EBV, HSV-1 May Increase Risk of Multiple Sclerosis in Children

Viral infections acquired during childhood may increase risk of developing multiple sclerosis.

S aureus Infection Associated With Higher Mortality in RA

S aureus Infection Associated With Higher Mortality in RA

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and Staphylococcus aureus infection have more complications and a higher mortality rate than those without rheumatoid arthritis.

Does Early Goal-Directed Therapy Reduce Mortality in Septic Shock?

Does Early Goal-Directed Therapy Reduce Mortality in Septic Shock?

Three multicenter trials (ProCESS, ARISE, and ProMISe) showed that EGDT did not reduce mortality in patients presenting to the emergency department with septic shock when compared to usual care.

Shortage of Norepinephrine Linked to Increase in Septic Shock Deaths

Shortage of Norepinephrine Linked to Increase in Septic Shock Deaths

Hospitals see higher rate of in-hospital mortality from septic shock after norepinephrine shortage.

FDA: QDIP Status for Post-Surgical Sternal Infection Antibiotic Reservoir

FDA: QDIP Status for Post-Surgical Sternal Infection Antibiotic Reservoir

The FDA has granted Qualified Infectious Disease Product (QIDP) to D-PLEX (Doxycycline/Polymer-Lipid Encapsulation Matrix; PolyPid), a secured antibiotic drug reservoir for the local prevention and treatment of surgical infections.

Letermovir Prevents CMV Infection in Bone Marrow Transplant Recipients

Letermovir Prevents CMV Infection in Bone Marrow Transplant Recipients

Phase 3 study showed positive results for Merck's letermovir in prevention of CMV infection in adult CMV-seropositive recipients of an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant.

Pacemaker Increases Infective Endocarditis Risk in Aortic Valve Replacement

Pacemaker Increases Infective Endocarditis Risk in Aortic Valve Replacement

Researchers looked at the role of concomitant pacemaker presence and the risk of infective endocarditis in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement.

Hospital Room Floors May be Unrecognized Pathogen Dissemination Source

Hospital Room Floors May be Unrecognized Pathogen Dissemination Source

Disinfecting surfaces is key to preventing nosocomial transmission of pathogens such as C difficile, MRSA, and vancomycin-resistant enterococci.

Hospital Sinks May Spread Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria

Hospital Sinks May Spread Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria

After colonizing in drains, Escherichia coli slowly started to grow toward the sink strainers, growing 1 inch each day, researchers found in a study.

SOFA Score Better Predicts In-Hospital Mortality for Adults in ICU

SOFA Score Better Predicts In-Hospital Mortality for Adults in ICU

SOFA score has greater prognostic accuracy for in-hospital mortality than SIRS criteria or the qSOFA score.

No Effect of Alkalosis on Mortality in ICU Patients With Sepsis

No Effect of Alkalosis on Mortality in ICU Patients With Sepsis

Metabolic alkalosis did not have any effect on 30-day and 12-month mortality in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock.

Strategies for Reducing Hospital-Acquired Infections

Strategies for Reducing Hospital-Acquired Infections

Study finds that patients were 10% to 30% less likely to acquire a multidrug-resistant organism or C difficile if enhanced disinfection strategies were used in hospitals.

Improved Catheter Safety Measures Reduce Bloodstream Infections

Improved Catheter Safety Measures Reduce Bloodstream Infections

Interventions related to central venous catheters were, on average, associated with 57% fewer bloodstream infections and substantial savings to hospitals.

Quick SOFA Better Than SIRS, Severe Sepsis in Identifying Mortality Risk

Quick SOFA Better Than SIRS, Severe Sepsis in Identifying Mortality Risk

Quick SOFA had greater prognostic accuracy for in-hospital mortality than did either SIRS or severe sepsis.

Ultrasonography Detects Erosive Joint Changes Associated With Septic Arthritis

Ultrasonography Detects Erosive Joint Changes Associated With Septic Arthritis

Persistence of Doppler signal and a thickened synovial tissue at 3 months are associated with a poor clinical outcome in patients with septic arthritis.

CDC: 13 US Cases of Candida auris Identified

CDC: 13 US Cases of Candida auris Identified

Possible 4 deaths associated to C auris infection. Seven cases presented in 4 states: Illinois, Maryland, New Jersey, and New York.

Hydrocortisone Does Not Reduce Risk of Septic Shock in Severe Sepsis

Hydrocortisone Does Not Reduce Risk of Septic Shock in Severe Sepsis

Researchers did not observe a significant improvement with hydrocortisone over placebo for time until septic shock or mortality.

Factors Associated With Infective Endocarditis in TAVR

Factors Associated With Infective Endocarditis in TAVR

Researchers found several factors associated with the incidence of infective endocarditis after transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

Whole Viral Genome Sequencing Confirmed Nosocomial VZV Transmission

Whole Viral Genome Sequencing Confirmed Nosocomial VZV Transmission

Case study demonstrates how sequencing can track an infection.

Clinician Education Video: CDC Official Discusses Sepsis

Clinician Education Video: CDC Official Discusses Sepsis

According to a report issued last week by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, many patients that have sepsis had recently used health care services.

CDC: Keep An Eye Out For Sepsis

CDC: Keep An Eye Out For Sepsis

Know the signs of extreme response to infection; consider it a medical emergency.

Unstable Vital Sign Noted in About One in Five Hospital Discharges

Unstable Vital Sign Noted in About One in Five Hospital Discharges

Presence of one or more instabilities linked to increased risk-adjusted odds of death or readmission.

ICU Potentially Increases Invasive Procedures, Costs, Without Mortality Benefit

ICU Potentially Increases Invasive Procedures, Costs, Without Mortality Benefit

Hospital-level ICU utilization rate not linked to hospital mortality for four common conditions.

Hand Hygiene Program Improves Hygiene Compliance

Hand Hygiene Program Improves Hygiene Compliance

Significant decrease seen in overall health-care-associated infection rate, linked to overall savings.

Nonsterile Gloves Don't Increase Risk of Infection in Minor Skin Surgery

Nonsterile Gloves Don't Increase Risk of Infection in Minor Skin Surgery

Meta-analysis shows no increased relative risk for wound infections in outpatient cutaneous surgery.

FDA: Docusate Sodium Solution Recalled Following Contamination Reports

FDA: Docusate Sodium Solution Recalled Following Contamination Reports

Clinicians should not use any liquid docusate sodium product as a stool softener.

Several Mycobacterial Infections Linked to Plastic Surgery Clinics in Dominican Republic

Several Mycobacterial Infections Linked to Plastic Surgery Clinics in Dominican Republic

Report details cases of U.S. women who developed infections after procedures in Dominican Republic.

Multidrug-resistant Candida auris Causing Healthcare-Associated Infections

Multidrug-resistant Candida auris Causing Healthcare-Associated Infections

CDC recommends reporting suspected cases to authorities, exercising infection control.

CDC Urges Caution Using Oral Liquid Docusate Following B. Cepacia Reports

CDC Urges Caution Using Oral Liquid Docusate Following B. Cepacia Reports

The report noted that most of the infections that have occurred so far are occurring in "in ventilated patients without cystic fibrosis and who are being treated in intensive care units.

Catheter Reduction Programs Helped Lower Use in Teaching Hospitals

Catheter Reduction Programs Helped Lower Use in Teaching Hospitals

Centers without reduction programs have higher use of catheters overall, for inappropriate indications.

Innovative Approach Spurs More Hand Hygiene Compliance in Hospital

Innovative Approach Spurs More Hand Hygiene Compliance in Hospital

The team developed a book of images containing bacterial cultures of differing types and levels of contamination, as measured by Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) meter readings.

Improved Urinary Tract Infection Prevention Strategies Needed in Nursing Homes

Improved Urinary Tract Infection Prevention Strategies Needed in Nursing Homes

UTIs more often linked to causes other than catheter use; many facilities lack preventive measures.

Post-CABG Infection Risk Increased Significantly for Severely Obese

Post-CABG Infection Risk Increased Significantly for Severely Obese

Excess weight also linked to extended hospital stays, researchers find.

New Program May Help Reduce UTIs Associated With Catheter Use

New Program May Help Reduce UTIs Associated With Catheter Use

Researchers find new training method led to fewer urinary tract infections.

Showering Just Days After Total Knee Arthroplasty Does Not Boost Infection Risk

Showering Just Days After Total Knee Arthroplasty Does Not Boost Infection Risk

Getting area wet before sutures or staples are removed doesn't seem to raise infection risk.

Bundle of Practices Can Cut Surgical Site Infections

Bundle of Practices Can Cut Surgical Site Infections

Implementing bundle of evidence-based practices can reduce 30-day surgical site infections.

Pre-Op Stenting, Longer Surgery Tied to Genitourinary Infection

Pre-Op Stenting, Longer Surgery Tied to Genitourinary Infection

Findings among patients undergoing ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy.

Premixed Vancomycin Injection Launches

Premixed Vancomycin Injection Launches

Vancomycin saline injection is the second of nine molecules coming out of a collaborative partnership with Celerity Pharmaceuticals, LLC,

Outpatient Clinic Staff Often Fail to Follow Hand Hygiene Recommendations

Outpatient Clinic Staff Often Fail to Follow Hand Hygiene Recommendations

Staff did not follow any hand hygiene recommendations 37% of the time, or use safe injection practices 33% of the time.

Quality Improvement Process Did Not Reduce ICU Mortality in Study

Quality Improvement Process Did Not Reduce ICU Mortality in Study

No reduction in in-hospital mortality for critically ill patients from ICUs in Brazil.

Considerable Variation in Estimates of Sepsis-Linked Mortality by Data Source

Considerable Variation in Estimates of Sepsis-Linked Mortality by Data Source

Variation seen comparing mortality based on deaths certificates and health services utilization data.

Whole Genome Phylogenetics Better at Tracking Certain Nosocomial Infections?

Whole Genome Phylogenetics Better at Tracking Certain Nosocomial Infections?

The researchers implemented whole-genome and phylogenetic analysis of 108 strains alongside comprehensive epidemiological data to track C. difficile 027/ST1 (CDI) transmission and persistence.

Bloodstream Infection Outbreak Linked to 18 Deaths in Wisconsin

Bloodstream Infection Outbreak Linked to 18 Deaths in Wisconsin

All patients were older than 65 and had serious underlying health conditions.

Hand Sanitizer Use Influenced by Location, Time of Day

Hand Sanitizer Use Influenced by Location, Time of Day

In addition to these factors, visitors are more likely to use alcohol-based hand sanitizer when in a group.

Opioid Use Linked With Increased Risk of Infections in RA

Opioid Use Linked With Increased Risk of Infections in RA

Increased risk of hospitalization for serious infection.

Sepsis Tied to Increased Post-Discharge Mortality Risk

Sepsis Tied to Increased Post-Discharge Mortality Risk

Higher risk of mortality, major adverse cardiovascular events can persist for five years.

Chlorhexidine-Alcohol Bested Iodine-Alcohol for Pre-Op Skin Antisepsis in Study

Chlorhexidine-Alcohol Bested Iodine-Alcohol for Pre-Op Skin Antisepsis in Study

Superior to iodine-alcohol for the prevention of surgical-site infection after cesarean delivery.

Blood Donors Who May Be At Risk for Zika Infection Asked to Hold Off

Blood Donors Who May Be At Risk for Zika Infection Asked to Hold Off

American Red Cross asks potential donors who have traveled to affected areas to wait 28 days.

Surgical Safety Checklist Linked With Reduced Mortality Three Months After Operation

Surgical Safety Checklist Linked With Reduced Mortality Three Months After Operation

Implementation of checklist didn't cut 30-day mortality or readmission; linked to decrease in LOS.

FDA Approves Duodenoscope Shown to Reduce Risk of Infection

FDA Approves Duodenoscope Shown to Reduce Risk of Infection

A newly designed endoscope will reduce the risk of bacterial infection.

ICU Acetaminophen Use Had No Effect in Study

ICU Acetaminophen Use Had No Effect in Study

After 28 days, the researchers noted no statistically significant difference between the study and placebo groups in terms of length of stay in the ICU, which was 23 days for the acetaminophen group and 22 days among the placebo group.

Hospital Faces Nearly $150K in Fines For Bloodborne Pathogen Violations

Hospital Faces Nearly $150K in Fines For Bloodborne Pathogen Violations

Three employees were stuck by needles while attempting to empty a deposit box.

FDA Officials Recall Automated Endoscope Reprocessors

FDA Officials Recall Automated Endoscope Reprocessors

Custom Ultrasonics has history of violating federal rules for manufacturing and quality control.

Hepatitis, CMV More Common Among International Commercial Transplant Recipients

Hepatitis, CMV More Common Among International Commercial Transplant Recipients

Overall one- and ten-year survival rates of the transplanted organs in commercial recipients compared with controls were 91% and 22% vs. 98% and 44%.

Enhanced Military Blood Transfusion Protocols Could Improve Civilian Care

Enhanced Military Blood Transfusion Protocols Could Improve Civilian Care

Protocols allowing for efficient delivery of red blood cells and fresh frozen plasma in combat may increase survival.

FDA Officials Report Additional Violations by Medical Scope Maker

FDA Officials Report Additional Violations by Medical Scope Maker

Infections in patients who underwent procedures with Olympus scopes in 2012 went unreported.

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