Pediatric Illnesses Latest News Archive
Infants ≤60 days old with fever and conﬁrmed viral infections are at a lower risk for serious bacterial infections compared to infants without a virus.
A rare, polio-like condition in children is on the rise again in the United States, with 38 confirmed cases in 16 states so far this year.
A short course of oral steroids was not found to significantly improve otitis media with effusion in children.
Pediatric histoplasmosis most frequently manifests as pulmonary disease, and the highest diagnostic yields were achieved when multiple diagnostic modalities were used.
Interventions that included the distribution of simple weight-stratified guidelines for recommended blood volume and feedback to physicians were effective in optimizing blood volume culture in a PICU.
The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine prevents acute otitis media caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae.
The early addition of a second anti-MRSA antibiotic to vancomycin may reduce mortality in severe cases of influenza-MRSA co-infection in children.
Circumcision was associated with decreased risk of UTI in boys with hydronephrosis.
Although Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) acquisition in childhood is preferable to adolescence in terms of illness severity, early HBV infection may increase the risk of developing chronic EBV-related diseases.
Investigators retrospectively reviewed the patients' medical records and MRI images and assessed the associations between the MRI findings and neurologic outcomes, specifically neurodevelopmental achievement, epilepsy, and sensorineural hearing loss.
Study showed that DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib and PHiD-CV coadministered with MenACWY-TT in infants and toddlers were immunogenic with an acceptable reactogenicity profile.
Researchers found being born in an odd calendar year, especially in the winter or fall seasons, emerged as a risk factor for rotavirus in the postvaccine era in the United States.
The morphology of the lesions included erythematous papules, pseudovesicles, and plaques, with associated pain in 2 and pruritus in 3 patients; systemic symptoms ranged from none to low‐grade fevers, upper respiratory symptoms, and joint pain.
Findings provide an alternative explanation for virus acquisition and shedding in seroimumne pregnant women that contrasts with proposed mechanisms that argue that reactivation of persistent infection in seroimmune women leads to infection and virus shedding.
Compared with the general population, children with autism spectrum disorder and their younger siblings are undervaccinated.
Study evaluated the immunogenicity and safety of 1 and 2 doses of the quadrivalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W, Y tetanus toxoid-conjugate vaccine in individuals with functional or anatomic asplenia.
Investigators assessed the need for conducting routine voiding cystourethrograms in infants diagnosed with urinary tract infection.
Human rhinovirus is common in febrile infants, and detection does not alter risk of concomitant UTI.
MenB-FHbp was safe and immunogenic after dose 2 and dose 3 and was also associated with more injection-site reactions than hepatitis A virus vaccine and saline.
Young infants assessed for central nervous system infection rarely have herpes simplex virus.
Infants born via vaginal delivery to mothers exposed to intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for group B Streptococcus demonstrated altered fecal microbiota immediately following birth.
Rate of infants with a UTI who received 4 or more days of intravenous antibiotics decreased from 2005 to 2015.
Researchers examine serious infection risk factors in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis receiving biologic therapy.
Study assessed the effects of weather trends on the occurrence and severity of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis in affected children.
Inadvertent administration of the quadrivalent HPV vaccine during periconception or pregnancy was not associated with additional risk to mothers and their infants.
Since the introduction of pneumococcal vaccines, the epidemiology of acute otitis media has changed considerably.
An outbreak of measles has been identified in Minnesota.
A case study published by the CDC highlights the possible danger of maternal placenta capsule ingestion.
Probiotics do not appear to lower infant's risk against infections.
Individuals with streptococcal throat infection have increased risks of mental disorders.
A study finds the use of early-onset sepsis calculator can decrease the number of infants receiving a sepsis work-up and prophylactic antibiotics.
Researchers find that fewer antibiotics were prescribed to pediatric patients with acute otitis media after using watchful waiting.
The most common factor used to identify risk for early onset sepsis was obstetric diagnosis of chorioamnionitis, according to the study.
A cluster randomized trial was conducted among newborns at 6 French university maternity units.
Universal group B streptococci screening in women with a singleton pregnancy planning a repeat cesarean delivery may not be cost-effective in all populations.
After review of literature, the 2011 clinical practice guideline on urinary tract infection in infants and young children reaffirmed.
Tdap booster and meningococcal vaccination requirements associated with larger "spillover" increases in HPV vaccination coverage.
When there is no safe and effective alternative, fluoroquinolones use should be considered in children.
Prevalence of UTI in young infants studied was 7.8%.
While universal screening for congenital CMV is more cost-effective than current standard of care, concerns about CMV screening remain.
Nearly all who were infected had not been vaccinated, researchers say.
A resurgence of pertussis cases has led to increased scrutiny of the effectiveness of the pertussis vaccine over long periods of time.
Replacement of oral poliovirus vaccines with inactivated poliovirus vaccine has been completed in 89% of WHO countries.
But several prescription medications have proven safe and effective.
Routine childhood immunization is poised to prevent 42,000 early deaths and 20 million cases of disease.
However, reasons for refusing have changed in recent years.
No consistent change among all children younger than 12 months after introduction of rotavirus vaccine.
Goal is to distinguish between bacterial, viral illness, researchers say.
Health officials are responding by launching large-scale immunization campaigns and strengthening surveillance systems, but "volatile security situations' in this country could jeopardize these efforts.
urrently there is no formal recommendation for a third dose of MMR vaccine during mumps outbreaks; the decision to implement this intervention needs to be carefully considered
One in three students didn't get immunity against outbreak strain after two doses.
Risk varies with class of BRM; increased risk of mycobacterial, viral, fungal, opportunistic infections.
Method appears to be effective for identifying infants at risk for invasive bacterial infection.
Administration of IIV3 on same day as PCV or DTaP-containing vaccine linked to increased risk.
Educational materials helped acceptance of vaccines.
Higher odds of type 1 diabetes in children who had respiratory, viral infections in first six months of life.
The World Health Organization holds World Immunization Week 2016 the last week in April to highlight vaccination success, raise awareness, and expand rates of immunization to save lives.
National Infant Immunization Week promotes the benefits of immunizations in young children.
Women's health practitioners should offer vaccinations for a wide range of common, preventable diseases.
The prevalence of acute otitis media reached 46% at 12 months of age.
Several pertussis outbreaks also occurred in highly-vaccinated populations, indicating waning immunity.
Adding second inoculation at ages 4 to 6 is almost 100% effective.
Researchers found a total of 390 reports in VAERS where only one component of Menveo vaccine was administered.
Intervention improves percentage of patient visits receiving all preventive bundle elements.
Projected immunizations estimated to yield return about 16 times greater than costs over decade.
Height data are necessary to correctly classify children as normal weight, overweight, or obese.
Changes to schedule include earlier HPV vaccination for children with a history of sexual abuse.
Important for physicians to know when giving vaccine to individuals with history of keratitis.
Improved neonatal outcomes versus conventional care for infants of any birth weight, gestational age.
Infants who had the highest concentrations of PCBs and other chemicals in their blood tended to have the lowest antibodies for fighting TB.
Of the more than 130 million births occurring each year, an estimated 303,000 result in the mother's death, 2.6 million in stillbirth, and another 2.7 million in a newborn death within the first 28 days of birth.
System uses a freeze-dry concept to develop "just-add-water" solution.
About 11% intended to spread out the recommended inoculations, survey finds.
Caldolor is the first and only injectable non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) approved for use in pediatric patients.
Non-pediatrician clinicians, white race/ethnicity, age 12 to 18 years predict antibiotic prescription.
Risk of central line-linked bloodstream infections not up for peripherally inserted central catheters.
The number differs based on new questions parents were asked about their children.
Of infected babies born in 2014, 15 percent of mothers were never tested for syphilis.
Children with hospital-diagnosed pertussis have a slightly higher risk of epilepsy than the general population.
Experts say deep philosophical differences, concern for other young patients may explain why.
Research shows that most parents tend to form their vaccination preferences before becoming pregnant.
Does not appear to raise risk, even with prior tetanus-containing vaccination.
A commentary for National Immunization Awareness Month.
A lot has changed since one pediatrician opened her practice in 1978.
Treatment-resistant lice with one or more genetic mutations have been identified in at least 25 states, according to research presented at the 250th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.
Findings compared to planned cesarean delivery in large meta-analysis.
When parents learn about the harms of measles, mumps, and rubella, many change their stance.
Editorial focuses on the not-so-new problem of immunization resistance.
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