Pediatric Illnesses Latest News Archive

Low Risk for Bacterial Coinfections in Febrile Infants With Viral Infections

Low Risk for Bacterial Coinfections in Febrile Infants With Viral Infections

Infants ≤60 days old with fever and confirmed viral infections are at a lower risk for serious bacterial infections compared to infants without a virus.

Polio-Like Condition in Children on Rise in the United States

Polio-Like Condition in Children on Rise in the United States

A rare, polio-like condition in children is on the rise again in the United States, with 38 confirmed cases in 16 states so far this year.

Short-Course Oral Steroids Ineffective for Pediatric Otitis Media With Effusion

Short-Course Oral Steroids Ineffective for Pediatric Otitis Media With Effusion

A short course of oral steroids was not found to significantly improve otitis media with effusion in children.

Pediatric Histoplasmosis Most Frequently Manifested as Pulmonary Disease

Pediatric Histoplasmosis Most Frequently Manifested as Pulmonary Disease

Pediatric histoplasmosis most frequently manifests as pulmonary disease, and the highest diagnostic yields were achieved when multiple diagnostic modalities were used.

Regular Feedback May Optimize Blood Culture Sample Volumes in the PICU

Regular Feedback May Optimize Blood Culture Sample Volumes in the PICU

Interventions that included the distribution of simple weight-stratified guidelines for recommended blood volume and feedback to physicians were effective in optimizing blood volume culture in a PICU.

PCV13 Prevents Acute Otitis Media Caused by  S pneumoniae  in Children

PCV13 Prevents Acute Otitis Media Caused by S pneumoniae in Children

The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine prevents acute otitis media caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Influenza-MRSA Co-Infection May Require Vancomycin Plus Second Antibiotic

Influenza-MRSA Co-Infection May Require Vancomycin Plus Second Antibiotic

The early addition of a second anti-MRSA antibiotic to vancomycin may reduce mortality in severe cases of influenza-MRSA co-infection in children.

Newborn Circumcision Associated With Lower UTI Rate in Infants With Hydronephrosis

Newborn Circumcision Associated With Lower UTI Rate in Infants With Hydronephrosis

Circumcision was associated with decreased risk of UTI in boys with hydronephrosis.

Parental Oral Secretions a Potential Source for Epstein-Barr Virus in Children

Parental Oral Secretions a Potential Source for Epstein-Barr Virus in Children

Although Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) acquisition in childhood is preferable to adolescence in terms of illness severity, early HBV infection may increase the risk of developing chronic EBV-related diseases.

Ventriculomegaly, Polymicrogyria Predict Epilepsy Risk Among Pediatric Patients With CMV Infections

Ventriculomegaly, Polymicrogyria Predict Epilepsy Risk Among Pediatric Patients With CMV Infections

Investigators retrospectively reviewed the patients' medical records and MRI images and assessed the associations between the MRI findings and neurologic outcomes, specifically neurodevelopmental achievement, epilepsy, and sensorineural hearing loss.

MenACWY-TT Vaccine Can Be Effectively Coadministered With Routine Pediatric Immunizations

MenACWY-TT Vaccine Can Be Effectively Coadministered With Routine Pediatric Immunizations

Study showed that DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib and PHiD-CV coadministered with MenACWY-TT in infants and toddlers were immunogenic with an acceptable reactogenicity profile.

Season and Year of Birth an Emergent Risk Factor for Rotavirus

Season and Year of Birth an Emergent Risk Factor for Rotavirus

Researchers found being born in an odd calendar year, especially in the winter or fall seasons, emerged as a risk factor for rotavirus in the postvaccine era in the United States.

Herpes Zoster in Healthy Children Linked to Varicella-Zoster Vaccination

Herpes Zoster in Healthy Children Linked to Varicella-Zoster Vaccination

The morphology of the lesions included erythematous papules, pseudovesicles, and plaques, with associated pain in 2 and pruritus in 3 patients; systemic symptoms ranged from none to low‐grade fevers, upper respiratory symptoms, and joint pain.

Risk Factors for Cytomegalovirus Reinfections in Seropositive Women

Risk Factors for Cytomegalovirus Reinfections in Seropositive Women

Findings provide an alternative explanation for virus acquisition and shedding in seroimumne pregnant women that contrasts with proposed mechanisms that argue that reactivation of persistent infection in seroimmune women leads to infection and virus shedding.

Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

Compared with the general population, children with autism spectrum disorder and their younger siblings are undervaccinated.

MenACWY-TT Vaccine Evaluated in Patients With Anatomic/Functional Asplenia

MenACWY-TT Vaccine Evaluated in Patients With Anatomic/Functional Asplenia

Study evaluated the immunogenicity and safety of 1 and 2 doses of the quadrivalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W, Y tetanus toxoid-conjugate vaccine in individuals with functional or anatomic asplenia.

Cystourethrograms Not Required For All Infant Urinary Tract Infections

Cystourethrograms Not Required For All Infant Urinary Tract Infections

Investigators assessed the need for conducting routine voiding cystourethrograms in infants diagnosed with urinary tract infection.

Human Rhinovirus in Febrile Infants Does Not Alter UTI Risk

Human Rhinovirus in Febrile Infants Does Not Alter UTI Risk

Human rhinovirus is common in febrile infants, and detection does not alter risk of concomitant UTI.

Meningococcal B Vaccine Elicits Bactericidal Responses Against Diverse Strains

Meningococcal B Vaccine Elicits Bactericidal Responses Against Diverse Strains

MenB-FHbp was safe and immunogenic after dose 2 and dose 3 and was also associated with more injection-site reactions than hepatitis A virus vaccine and saline.

Neonatal Herpes Simplex Virus Uncommon After Meningitis Evaluation

Neonatal Herpes Simplex Virus Uncommon After Meningitis Evaluation

Young infants assessed for central nervous system infection rarely have herpes simplex virus.

Maternal Antibiotic Exposure Affects Infant Fecal Microbiota Following Vaginal Delivery

Maternal Antibiotic Exposure Affects Infant Fecal Microbiota Following Vaginal Delivery

Infants born via vaginal delivery to mothers exposed to intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for group B Streptococcus demonstrated altered fecal microbiota immediately following birth.

UTI Rate Drops in Infants on Long IV Therapy Without Increase in Readmission

UTI Rate Drops in Infants on Long IV Therapy Without Increase in Readmission

Rate of infants with a UTI who received 4 or more days of intravenous antibiotics decreased from 2005 to 2015.

Rates of Infection in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Treated With Biologic Therapy

Rates of Infection in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Treated With Biologic Therapy

Researchers examine serious infection risk factors in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis receiving biologic therapy.

Osteomyelitis in Children More Common in the Summer, Spring

Osteomyelitis in Children More Common in the Summer, Spring

Study assessed the effects of weather trends on the occurrence and severity of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis in affected children.

HPV Vaccine Does Not Increase Risk for Adverse Maternal, Infant Outcomes

HPV Vaccine Does Not Increase Risk for Adverse Maternal, Infant Outcomes

Inadvertent administration of the quadrivalent HPV vaccine during periconception or pregnancy was not associated with additional risk to mothers and their infants.

Acute Otitis Media Epidemiology Changed With Pneumococcal Vaccines

Acute Otitis Media Epidemiology Changed With Pneumococcal Vaccines

Since the introduction of pneumococcal vaccines, the epidemiology of acute otitis media has changed considerably.

Measles Outbreak Linked to Community With Low MMR Vaccination Rates

Measles Outbreak Linked to Community With Low MMR Vaccination Rates

An outbreak of measles has been identified in Minnesota.

Bacteremia in Infant Linked to Maternal Ingestion of Placenta Capsules

Bacteremia in Infant Linked to Maternal Ingestion of Placenta Capsules

A case study published by the CDC highlights the possible danger of maternal placenta capsule ingestion.

Probiotic Supplements Do Not Protect Infants Against Infections

Probiotic Supplements Do Not Protect Infants Against Infections

Probiotics do not appear to lower infant's risk against infections.

Streptococcal Throat Infection May Increase Risk of Mental Disorders

Streptococcal Throat Infection May Increase Risk of Mental Disorders

Individuals with streptococcal throat infection have increased risks of mental disorders.

Reducing Antibiotic Use in Infants With Use of Sepsis Risk Calculator

Reducing Antibiotic Use in Infants With Use of Sepsis Risk Calculator

A study finds the use of early-onset sepsis calculator can decrease the number of infants receiving a sepsis work-up and prophylactic antibiotics.

Watchful Waiting for Acute Otitis Media Management Cost-Effective

Watchful Waiting for Acute Otitis Media Management Cost-Effective

Researchers find that fewer antibiotics were prescribed to pediatric patients with acute otitis media after using watchful waiting.

Considerable Variation Seen in Risk Assessment for Sepsis in Newborns

Considerable Variation Seen in Risk Assessment for Sepsis in Newborns

The most common factor used to identify risk for early onset sepsis was obstetric diagnosis of chorioamnionitis, according to the study.

Antiseptic, Dry Cord Care Comparable in Newborns

Antiseptic, Dry Cord Care Comparable in Newborns

A cluster randomized trial was conducted among newborns at 6 French university maternity units.

GBS Screening Not Cost-Effective in Repeat Cesarean Delivery

GBS Screening Not Cost-Effective in Repeat Cesarean Delivery

Universal group B streptococci screening in women with a singleton pregnancy planning a repeat cesarean delivery may not be cost-effective in all populations.

Clinical Practice Guideline on UTI in Young Children Reaffirmed

Clinical Practice Guideline on UTI in Young Children Reaffirmed

After review of literature, the 2011 clinical practice guideline on urinary tract infection in infants and young children reaffirmed.

Requirement of Tdap Vaccincation Increases HPV Immunization

Requirement of Tdap Vaccincation Increases HPV Immunization

Tdap booster and meningococcal vaccination requirements associated with larger "spillover" increases in HPV vaccination coverage.

Fluoroquinolones Use in Children Should be Considered in Specific Situations

Fluoroquinolones Use in Children Should be Considered in Specific Situations

When there is no safe and effective alternative, fluoroquinolones use should be considered in children.

Pyuria Thresholds in UTI Diagnosis

Pyuria Thresholds in UTI Diagnosis

Prevalence of UTI in young infants studied was 7.8%.

Universal Screening for Newborn Congenital CMV Cost-Effective But Concerns Remain

Universal Screening for Newborn Congenital CMV Cost-Effective But Concerns Remain

While universal screening for congenital CMV is more cost-effective than current standard of care, concerns about CMV screening remain.

CDC: Measles Outbreak in Amish Community Demonstrates Potential for Ongoing Threat

CDC: Measles Outbreak in Amish Community Demonstrates Potential for Ongoing Threat

Nearly all who were infected had not been vaccinated, researchers say.

Decline in Effectiveness of Pertussis Vaccine Over Time

Decline in Effectiveness of Pertussis Vaccine Over Time

A resurgence of pertussis cases has led to increased scrutiny of the effectiveness of the pertussis vaccine over long periods of time.

WHO Phases Out Oral Poliovirus Vaccine to Combat Vaccine-Derived Polioviruses

WHO Phases Out Oral Poliovirus Vaccine to Combat Vaccine-Derived Polioviruses

Replacement of oral poliovirus vaccines with inactivated poliovirus vaccine has been completed in 89% of WHO countries.

OTC Head Lice Treatments May Be Losing Effectiveness

OTC Head Lice Treatments May Be Losing Effectiveness

But several prescription medications have proven safe and effective.

AAP Supports Elimination of Nonmedical Vaccine Exemptions

AAP Supports Elimination of Nonmedical Vaccine Exemptions

Routine childhood immunization is poised to prevent 42,000 early deaths and 20 million cases of disease.

AAP Survey: More Parents Are Refusing Vaccines

AAP Survey: More Parents Are Refusing Vaccines

However, reasons for refusing have changed in recent years.

Intussusception Hospitalization Rate Increased at Age 8 to 11 Weeks

Intussusception Hospitalization Rate Increased at Age 8 to 11 Weeks

No consistent change among all children younger than 12 months after introduction of rotavirus vaccine.

Genetic Test May Help Identify Type of Infection in Febrile Infants

Genetic Test May Help Identify Type of Infection in Febrile Infants

Goal is to distinguish between bacterial, viral illness, researchers say.

Two Patients With Polio Reported in Nigeria

Two Patients With Polio Reported in Nigeria

Health officials are responding by launching large-scale immunization campaigns and strengthening surveillance systems, but "volatile security situations' in this country could jeopardize these efforts.

Does a Third Dose of MMR Vaccine Slow Outbreaks In Close-Quarter Settings?

Does a Third Dose of MMR Vaccine Slow Outbreaks In Close-Quarter Settings?

urrently there is no formal recommendation for a third dose of MMR vaccine during mumps outbreaks; the decision to implement this intervention needs to be carefully considered

Meningitis B Vaccine Efficacy May Be Lower Than Expected

Meningitis B Vaccine Efficacy May Be Lower Than Expected

One in three students didn't get immunity against outbreak strain after two doses.

Biologic Response Modifier Use in Children Boosts Infectious Complications

Biologic Response Modifier Use in Children Boosts Infectious Complications

Risk varies with class of BRM; increased risk of mycobacterial, viral, fungal, opportunistic infections.

Step-by-Step Approach Valid for Identifying Febrile Infants

Step-by-Step Approach Valid for Identifying Febrile Infants

Method appears to be effective for identifying infants at risk for invasive bacterial infection.

Increased Risk of Febrile Seizures With Vaccine Combinations

Increased Risk of Febrile Seizures With Vaccine Combinations

Administration of IIV3 on same day as PCV or DTaP-containing vaccine linked to increased risk.

Tdap Better Accepted Among Some Pregnant Women Than Influenza Vaccine

Tdap Better Accepted Among Some Pregnant Women Than Influenza Vaccine

Educational materials helped acceptance of vaccines.

Infant Viral Infections Might Increase Risk of Type 1 Diabetes

Infant Viral Infections Might Increase Risk of Type 1 Diabetes

Higher odds of type 1 diabetes in children who had respiratory, viral infections in first six months of life.

WHO's World Immunization Week 2016 Seeks to Expand Vaccination Awareness, Coverage

WHO's World Immunization Week 2016 Seeks to Expand Vaccination Awareness, Coverage

The World Health Organization holds World Immunization Week 2016 the last week in April to highlight vaccination success, raise awareness, and expand rates of immunization to save lives.

CDC Promotes Importance of Infant Immunization

CDC Promotes Importance of Infant Immunization

National Infant Immunization Week promotes the benefits of immunizations in young children.

Recommendations Issued Related to Immunization and Pregnant Women

Recommendations Issued Related to Immunization and Pregnant Women

Women's health practitioners should offer vaccinations for a wide range of common, preventable diseases.

Almost Half of Infants Experience Acute Otitis Media By 12 Months of Age

Almost Half of Infants Experience Acute Otitis Media By 12 Months of Age

The prevalence of acute otitis media reached 46% at 12 months of age.

Study: Avoiding Measles, Pertussis Vaccines Played Role in Outbreaks

Study: Avoiding Measles, Pertussis Vaccines Played Role in Outbreaks

Several pertussis outbreaks also occurred in highly-vaccinated populations, indicating waning immunity.

Two-Dose Varicella Vaccine Offers Boosted Protection

Two-Dose Varicella Vaccine Offers Boosted Protection

Adding second inoculation at ages 4 to 6 is almost 100% effective.

CDC Officials Caution About Improper Administration of Menveo Vaccine

CDC Officials Caution About Improper Administration of Menveo Vaccine

Researchers found a total of 390 reports in VAERS where only one component of Menveo vaccine was administered.

Delivery of Preventive Services to Infants May Be Improved With Redesign

Delivery of Preventive Services to Infants May Be Improved With Redesign

Intervention improves percentage of patient visits receiving all preventive bundle elements.

Net Returns Projected to Top Investment in Immunization Programs

Net Returns Projected to Top Investment in Immunization Programs

Projected immunizations estimated to yield return about 16 times greater than costs over decade.

Obesity Linked With Increased Mortality Risk in Critically Ill Children

Obesity Linked With Increased Mortality Risk in Critically Ill Children

Height data are necessary to correctly classify children as normal weight, overweight, or obese.

2016 Childhood Immunization Schedule Gets Green Light

2016 Childhood Immunization Schedule Gets Green Light

Changes to schedule include earlier HPV vaccination for children with a history of sexual abuse.

Varicella Zoster Vaccine Linked to Corneal Inflammation, But Number of Cases Low

Varicella Zoster Vaccine Linked to Corneal Inflammation, But Number of Cases Low

Important for physicians to know when giving vaccine to individuals with history of keratitis.

Kangaroo Care Lowers Mortality in Low Birth Weight Newborns

Kangaroo Care Lowers Mortality in Low Birth Weight Newborns

Improved neonatal outcomes versus conventional care for infants of any birth weight, gestational age.

Chemical Exposure Could Potentially Influence Vaccine Response

Chemical Exposure Could Potentially Influence Vaccine Response

Infants who had the highest concentrations of PCBs and other chemicals in their blood tended to have the lowest antibodies for fighting TB.

'Safe Childbirth Checklist' Emphasizes Infection Prevention, Other Precautions

'Safe Childbirth Checklist' Emphasizes Infection Prevention, Other Precautions

Of the more than 130 million births occurring each year, an estimated 303,000 result in the mother's death, 2.6 million in stillbirth, and another 2.7 million in a newborn death within the first 28 days of birth.

Researchers Attempting to Speed Up Vaccine Making Process

Researchers Attempting to Speed Up Vaccine Making Process

System uses a freeze-dry concept to develop "just-add-water" solution.

Many First-Time Mothers Need More Accurate Vaccine Information

Many First-Time Mothers Need More Accurate Vaccine Information

About 11% intended to spread out the recommended inoculations, survey finds.

Caldolor Approved to Manage Pediatric Pain And Fever

Caldolor Approved to Manage Pediatric Pain And Fever

Caldolor is the first and only injectable non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) approved for use in pediatric patients.

Factors Identified That May Predict Antibiotic Rx in Pediatric URI

Factors Identified That May Predict Antibiotic Rx in Pediatric URI

Non-pediatrician clinicians, white race/ethnicity, age 12 to 18 years predict antibiotic prescription.

Increased Dwell Time Doesn't Seem to Raise Infection Risk for PICCs

Increased Dwell Time Doesn't Seem to Raise Infection Risk for PICCs

Risk of central line-linked bloodstream infections not up for peripherally inserted central catheters.

CDC: Autism Rate Increases After Survey Method Changes

CDC: Autism Rate Increases After Survey Method Changes

The number differs based on new questions parents were asked about their children.

CDC Officials Note Sharp Increase in U.S. Babies Born With Syphilis

CDC Officials Note Sharp Increase in U.S. Babies Born With Syphilis

Of infected babies born in 2014, 15 percent of mothers were never tested for syphilis.

Pediatric Pertussis Infection May Raise Epilepsy Risk

Pediatric Pertussis Infection May Raise Epilepsy Risk

Children with hospital-diagnosed pertussis have a slightly higher risk of epilepsy than the general population.

One in Five Pediatricians Dismiss Families Who Refuse Vaccines

One in Five Pediatricians Dismiss Families Who Refuse Vaccines

Experts say deep philosophical differences, concern for other young patients may explain why.

Most Parents Consider Vaccination Decisions Before Pregnancy

Most Parents Consider Vaccination Decisions Before Pregnancy

Research shows that most parents tend to form their vaccination preferences before becoming pregnant.

Tdap Appears Safe for Pregnant Women, Even With Recent Tetanus Shot

Tdap Appears Safe for Pregnant Women, Even With Recent Tetanus Shot

Does not appear to raise risk, even with prior tetanus-containing vaccination.

Vaccines Then and Now: Pediatrician Recalls Patients With Measles In 1960s

Vaccines Then and Now: Pediatrician Recalls Patients With Measles In 1960s

A commentary for National Immunization Awareness Month.

Vaccines Then And Now: Pediatrician Recalls Measles Outbreak Among the Amish

Vaccines Then And Now: Pediatrician Recalls Measles Outbreak Among the Amish

A lot has changed since one pediatrician opened her practice in 1978.

Resistant Lice Increasing In Prevalence

Resistant Lice Increasing In Prevalence

Treatment-resistant lice with one or more genetic mutations have been identified in at least 25 states, according to research presented at the 250th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

Higher Mortality Linked With Planned Vaginal Breech Delivery

Higher Mortality Linked With Planned Vaginal Breech Delivery

Findings compared to planned cesarean delivery in large meta-analysis.

Doctors: Focus On The Consequences Of Not Vaccinating To Change Attitudes

Doctors: Focus On The Consequences Of Not Vaccinating To Change Attitudes

When parents learn about the harms of measles, mumps, and rubella, many change their stance.

Vaccines Then And Now: Pediatrician Discusses Diphtheria in the 1970s

Vaccines Then And Now: Pediatrician Discusses Diphtheria in the 1970s

Editorial focuses on the not-so-new problem of immunization resistance.

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