Pediatric Illnesses

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Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection: Diagnostic and Treatment Challenges

Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection: Diagnostic and Treatment Challenges

Experts discuss the various imaging modalities for children who require diagnostic workup beyond urine culture, as well as the consequences of overusing antibiotics and antibiotic route of administration.

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Parental Oral Secretions a Potential Source for Epstein-Barr Virus in Children

Parental Oral Secretions a Potential Source for Epstein-Barr Virus in Children

Although Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) acquisition in childhood is preferable to adolescence in terms of illness severity, early HBV infection may increase the risk of developing chronic EBV-related diseases.

Ventriculomegaly, Polymicrogyria Predict Epilepsy Risk Among Pediatric Patients With CMV Infections

Ventriculomegaly, Polymicrogyria Predict Epilepsy Risk Among Pediatric Patients With CMV Infections

Investigators retrospectively reviewed the patients' medical records and MRI images and assessed the associations between the MRI findings and neurologic outcomes, specifically neurodevelopmental achievement, epilepsy, and sensorineural hearing loss.

MenACWY-TT Vaccine Can Be Effectively Coadministered With Routine Pediatric Immunizations

MenACWY-TT Vaccine Can Be Effectively Coadministered With Routine Pediatric Immunizations

Study showed that DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib and PHiD-CV coadministered with MenACWY-TT in infants and toddlers were immunogenic with an acceptable reactogenicity profile.

Season and Year of Birth an Emergent Risk Factor for Rotavirus

Season and Year of Birth an Emergent Risk Factor for Rotavirus

Researchers found being born in an odd calendar year, especially in the winter or fall seasons, emerged as a risk factor for rotavirus in the postvaccine era in the United States.

Herpes Zoster in Healthy Children Linked to Varicella-Zoster Vaccination

Herpes Zoster in Healthy Children Linked to Varicella-Zoster Vaccination

The morphology of the lesions included erythematous papules, pseudovesicles, and plaques, with associated pain in 2 and pruritus in 3 patients; systemic symptoms ranged from none to low‐grade fevers, upper respiratory symptoms, and joint pain.

Risk Factors for Cytomegalovirus Reinfections in Seropositive Women

Risk Factors for Cytomegalovirus Reinfections in Seropositive Women

Findings provide an alternative explanation for virus acquisition and shedding in seroimumne pregnant women that contrasts with proposed mechanisms that argue that reactivation of persistent infection in seroimmune women leads to infection and virus shedding.

Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

Compared with the general population, children with autism spectrum disorder and their younger siblings are undervaccinated.

MenACWY-TT Vaccine Evaluated in Patients With Anatomic/Functional Asplenia

MenACWY-TT Vaccine Evaluated in Patients With Anatomic/Functional Asplenia

Study evaluated the immunogenicity and safety of 1 and 2 doses of the quadrivalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W, Y tetanus toxoid-conjugate vaccine in individuals with functional or anatomic asplenia.

Cystourethrograms Not Required For All Infant Urinary Tract Infections

Cystourethrograms Not Required For All Infant Urinary Tract Infections

Investigators assessed the need for conducting routine voiding cystourethrograms in infants diagnosed with urinary tract infection.

Human Rhinovirus in Febrile Infants Does Not Alter UTI Risk

Human Rhinovirus in Febrile Infants Does Not Alter UTI Risk

Human rhinovirus is common in febrile infants, and detection does not alter risk of concomitant UTI.

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