Pediatric Illnesses

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Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection: Diagnostic and Treatment Challenges

Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection: Diagnostic and Treatment Challenges

Experts discuss the various imaging modalities for children who require diagnostic workup beyond urine culture, as well as the consequences of overusing antibiotics and antibiotic route of administration.

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Polio-Like Condition in Children on Rise in the United States

Polio-Like Condition in Children on Rise in the United States

A rare, polio-like condition in children is on the rise again in the United States, with 38 confirmed cases in 16 states so far this year.

PCV13 Prevents Acute Otitis Media Caused by  S pneumoniae  in Children

PCV13 Prevents Acute Otitis Media Caused by S pneumoniae in Children

The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine prevents acute otitis media caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Influenza-MRSA Co-Infection May Require Vancomycin Plus Second Antibiotic

Influenza-MRSA Co-Infection May Require Vancomycin Plus Second Antibiotic

The early addition of a second anti-MRSA antibiotic to vancomycin may reduce mortality in severe cases of influenza-MRSA co-infection in children.

Newborn Circumcision Associated With Lower UTI Rate in Infants With Hydronephrosis

Newborn Circumcision Associated With Lower UTI Rate in Infants With Hydronephrosis

Circumcision was associated with decreased risk of UTI in boys with hydronephrosis.

Parental Oral Secretions a Potential Source for Epstein-Barr Virus in Children

Parental Oral Secretions a Potential Source for Epstein-Barr Virus in Children

Although Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) acquisition in childhood is preferable to adolescence in terms of illness severity, early HBV infection may increase the risk of developing chronic EBV-related diseases.

Ventriculomegaly, Polymicrogyria Predict Epilepsy Risk Among Pediatric Patients With CMV Infections

Ventriculomegaly, Polymicrogyria Predict Epilepsy Risk Among Pediatric Patients With CMV Infections

Investigators retrospectively reviewed the patients' medical records and MRI images and assessed the associations between the MRI findings and neurologic outcomes, specifically neurodevelopmental achievement, epilepsy, and sensorineural hearing loss.

MenACWY-TT Vaccine Can Be Effectively Coadministered With Routine Pediatric Immunizations

MenACWY-TT Vaccine Can Be Effectively Coadministered With Routine Pediatric Immunizations

Study showed that DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib and PHiD-CV coadministered with MenACWY-TT in infants and toddlers were immunogenic with an acceptable reactogenicity profile.

Season and Year of Birth an Emergent Risk Factor for Rotavirus

Season and Year of Birth an Emergent Risk Factor for Rotavirus

Researchers found being born in an odd calendar year, especially in the winter or fall seasons, emerged as a risk factor for rotavirus in the postvaccine era in the United States.

Herpes Zoster in Healthy Children Linked to Varicella-Zoster Vaccination

Herpes Zoster in Healthy Children Linked to Varicella-Zoster Vaccination

The morphology of the lesions included erythematous papules, pseudovesicles, and plaques, with associated pain in 2 and pruritus in 3 patients; systemic symptoms ranged from none to low‐grade fevers, upper respiratory symptoms, and joint pain.

Risk Factors for Cytomegalovirus Reinfections in Seropositive Women

Risk Factors for Cytomegalovirus Reinfections in Seropositive Women

Findings provide an alternative explanation for virus acquisition and shedding in seroimumne pregnant women that contrasts with proposed mechanisms that argue that reactivation of persistent infection in seroimmune women leads to infection and virus shedding.

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