Pediatric Illnesses

Feature Article

Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection: Diagnostic and Treatment Challenges

Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection: Diagnostic and Treatment Challenges

Experts discuss the various imaging modalities for children who require diagnostic workup beyond urine culture, as well as the consequences of overusing antibiotics and antibiotic route of administration.

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Sequelae of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Risk Limited to First Trimester

Sequelae of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Risk Limited to First Trimester

Congenital cytomegalovirus infection may be severe only when the virus affects the fetus in the embryonic period.

Infrared Thermal Imaging Shows Inflammation in Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis

Infrared Thermal Imaging Shows Inflammation in Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis

Researchers evaluated infrared thermal imaging for its utility to detect active bone lesions in extremities of children with chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis.

Breast Milk Pasteurization Decreased Postnatal Cytomegalovirus

Breast Milk Pasteurization Decreased Postnatal Cytomegalovirus

The short-term pasteurization of breast milk from mothers with CMV significantly decreased such infections in very preterm infants.

Aberrant Epstein-Barr Virus Response Associated With Schizophrenia

Aberrant Epstein-Barr Virus Response Associated With Schizophrenia

Investigators confirmed that people with schizophrenia have higher levels of antibodies to some but not all Epstein-Barr virus proteins, which indicates an aberrant response to Epstein-Barr virus infection that may be a factor in the immunopathology of schizophrenia and related disorders.

Child Pneumonia Rate Dropped Globally From 2000 to 2015

Child Pneumonia Rate Dropped Globally From 2000 to 2015

Number of clinical pneumonia episodes in children 5 years reduced 22 percent in developing countries.

Antibiotic Prescribing for CAP May Differ in Pediatric Specialty Hospitals

Antibiotic Prescribing for CAP May Differ in Pediatric Specialty Hospitals

Compared with those at children's hospitals, children receiving CAP care at other hospital types are less likely to be treated as per national guidelines.

Case Numbers of U.S. Children With Polio-Like Illness Hit Record High

Case Numbers of U.S. Children With Polio-Like Illness Hit Record High

There has been a record number of cases of a rare paralyzing illness among children in the United States this year.

Neisseria meningitidis Serogroups C and Y Vaccine Safe When Co-Administered

Neisseria meningitidis Serogroups C and Y Vaccine Safe When Co-Administered

H influenzae type b and N meningitidis serogroups C and Y-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine may be safe to co-administer to infants with other scheduled vaccines.

No Efficacy Signal for Fluoxetine in EV-D68 Acute Flaccid Myelitis

No Efficacy Signal for Fluoxetine in EV-D68 Acute Flaccid Myelitis

The antiviral agent fluoxetine is well tolerated but is not effective for patients with proven or presumptive enterovirus D68-associated acute flaccid myelitis.

CDC Probe Continues as Cases of Acute Flaccid Myelitis Rise

CDC Probe Continues as Cases of Acute Flaccid Myelitis Rise

Cases of a mysterious polio-like illness continue to mount in the United States.

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