Pediatric Illnesses

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Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection: Diagnostic and Treatment Challenges

Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection: Diagnostic and Treatment Challenges

Experts discuss the various imaging modalities for children who require diagnostic workup beyond urine culture, as well as the consequences of overusing antibiotics and antibiotic route of administration.

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Herpes Zoster in Healthy Children Linked to Varicella-Zoster Vaccination

Herpes Zoster in Healthy Children Linked to Varicella-Zoster Vaccination

The morphology of the lesions included erythematous papules, pseudovesicles, and plaques, with associated pain in 2 and pruritus in 3 patients; systemic symptoms ranged from none to low‐grade fevers, upper respiratory symptoms, and joint pain.

Risk Factors for Cytomegalovirus Reinfections in Seropositive Women

Risk Factors for Cytomegalovirus Reinfections in Seropositive Women

Findings provide an alternative explanation for virus acquisition and shedding in seroimumne pregnant women that contrasts with proposed mechanisms that argue that reactivation of persistent infection in seroimmune women leads to infection and virus shedding.

Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

Compared with the general population, children with autism spectrum disorder and their younger siblings are undervaccinated.

MenACWY-TT Vaccine Evaluated in Patients With Anatomic/Functional Asplenia

MenACWY-TT Vaccine Evaluated in Patients With Anatomic/Functional Asplenia

Study evaluated the immunogenicity and safety of 1 and 2 doses of the quadrivalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W, Y tetanus toxoid-conjugate vaccine in individuals with functional or anatomic asplenia.

Cystourethrograms Not Required For All Infant Urinary Tract Infections

Cystourethrograms Not Required For All Infant Urinary Tract Infections

Investigators assessed the need for conducting routine voiding cystourethrograms in infants diagnosed with urinary tract infection.

Human Rhinovirus in Febrile Infants Does Not Alter UTI Risk

Human Rhinovirus in Febrile Infants Does Not Alter UTI Risk

Human rhinovirus is common in febrile infants, and detection does not alter risk of concomitant UTI.

Meningococcal B Vaccine Elicits Bactericidal Responses Against Diverse Strains

Meningococcal B Vaccine Elicits Bactericidal Responses Against Diverse Strains

MenB-FHbp was safe and immunogenic after dose 2 and dose 3 and was also associated with more injection-site reactions than hepatitis A virus vaccine and saline.

Neonatal Herpes Simplex Virus Uncommon After Meningitis Evaluation

Neonatal Herpes Simplex Virus Uncommon After Meningitis Evaluation

Young infants assessed for central nervous system infection rarely have herpes simplex virus.

Maternal Antibiotic Exposure Affects Infant Fecal Microbiota Following Vaginal Delivery

Maternal Antibiotic Exposure Affects Infant Fecal Microbiota Following Vaginal Delivery

Infants born via vaginal delivery to mothers exposed to intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for group B Streptococcus demonstrated altered fecal microbiota immediately following birth.

UTI Rate Drops in Infants on Long IV Therapy Without Increase in Readmission

UTI Rate Drops in Infants on Long IV Therapy Without Increase in Readmission

Rate of infants with a UTI who received 4 or more days of intravenous antibiotics decreased from 2005 to 2015.

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