Pediatrics

Congo Ebola Outbreak Claims Nearly 100 Children's Lives

Congo Ebola Outbreak Claims Nearly 100 Children's Lives

The ongoing Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo has claimed the lives of nearly 100 children, and the number of cases are on the rise.

Pneumococcal Sepsis Risk Remains High in Children After Vaccination

Pneumococcal Sepsis Risk Remains High in Children After Vaccination

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The incidence of pneumococcal sepsis in children remained substantial after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in Switzerland.

Vaccine-Preventable Infections Common After Solid Organ Transplants in Children

Vaccine-Preventable Infections Common After Solid Organ Transplants in Children

Hospitalization for vaccine-preventable infections occurs in more than 15 percent of pediatric solid organ transplant recipients in the first five years after surgery.

Effectiveness of Live Attenuated vs Inactivated Influenza Vaccine in Children

Effectiveness of Live Attenuated vs Inactivated Influenza Vaccine in Children

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In pediatric patients aged 2-17 years, the live attenuated vaccine was less effective against influenza A/H1N1pdm09 compared with the inactivated vaccine.

ASSET Score Provides Reliable Indication for IV Antibiotics in Children With Cellulitis

ASSET Score Provides Reliable Indication for IV Antibiotics in Children With Cellulitis

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The Area, Systemic features, Swelling, Eye, Tenderness Score shows reliability, and applicability for use of IV antibiotics in a child with cellulitis.

AAP Releases 2019 Childhood Immunization Schedules

AAP Releases 2019 Childhood Immunization Schedules

Influenza row modified to reflect current recommendations for live attenuated flu vaccine.

Sequelae of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Risk Limited to First Trimester

Sequelae of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Risk Limited to First Trimester

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Congenital cytomegalovirus infection may be severe only when the virus affects the fetus in the embryonic period.

Use of Single-Family Rooms Reduces Incidence of Neonatal Sepsis

Use of Single-Family Rooms Reduces Incidence of Neonatal Sepsis

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Using a single-family room setting significantly reduced neonatal sepsis and improved breastfeeding rates at discharge.

Long-Term Virologic Outcome in Children Receiving ART

Long-Term Virologic Outcome in Children Receiving ART

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Periodic monitoring of viral load in children with HIV will allow early identification of virologic failures and regimen change, thus avoiding accumulation of resistant strains and treatment failures.

Measles Outbreak Prompts Public Emergency in Washington State

Measles Outbreak Prompts Public Emergency in Washington State

23 measles cases confirmed and two more suspected cases under investigation.

New Dosing Option for Fluzone Quadrivalent in Children as Young as 6 Months

New Dosing Option for Fluzone Quadrivalent in Children as Young as 6 Months

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The approval was based on findings from a Phase 4 safety and immunogenicity study that included ~2000 children.

Antibiotics Often Inappropriately Prescribed for Bronchiolitis in ED

Antibiotics Often Inappropriately Prescribed for Bronchiolitis in ED

Most children younger than 2 years with bronchiolitis seen in U.S. emergency departments and prescribed antibiotics have no documented bacterial coinfection.

Antibiotic Use in Neonatal Settings in Need of Improvement

Antibiotic Use in Neonatal Settings in Need of Improvement

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Significant gaps exist between CDC recommendations to improve antibiotic use and antibiotic practices in neonates.

Recent Nasal Preps Less Effective Than Injected Vax for Flu in Kids

Recent Nasal Preps Less Effective Than Injected Vax for Flu in Kids

Quadrivalent live attenuated flu vaccine less effective than inactivated vaccine for influenza A/H1N1pdm09

USPSTF Affirms Guidance for Hep B Screening at First Prenatal Visit

USPSTF Affirms Guidance for Hep B Screening at First Prenatal Visit

The USPSTF recommends hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection screening in pregnant women at their first prenatal visit.

Breast Milk Pasteurization Decreased Postnatal Cytomegalovirus

Breast Milk Pasteurization Decreased Postnatal Cytomegalovirus

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The short-term pasteurization of breast milk from mothers with CMV significantly decreased such infections in very preterm infants.

Infrared Thermal Imaging Shows Inflammation in Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis

Infrared Thermal Imaging Shows Inflammation in Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis

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Researchers evaluated infrared thermal imaging for its utility to detect active bone lesions in extremities of children with chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis.

Aberrant Epstein-Barr Virus Response Associated With Schizophrenia

Aberrant Epstein-Barr Virus Response Associated With Schizophrenia

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Investigators confirmed that people with schizophrenia have higher levels of antibodies to some but not all Epstein-Barr virus proteins, which indicates an aberrant response to Epstein-Barr virus infection that may be a factor in the immunopathology of schizophrenia and related disorders.

Child Pneumonia Rate Dropped Globally From 2000 to 2015

Child Pneumonia Rate Dropped Globally From 2000 to 2015

Number of clinical pneumonia episodes in children 5 years reduced 22 percent in developing countries.

Antibiotics May Be Beneficial in Children With Prolonged Wet Cough

Antibiotics May Be Beneficial in Children With Prolonged Wet Cough

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In children with a prolonged wet cough, antibiotics may improve clinical cure and reduce progression of illness.

Syphilis Rates Increasing in Peripartum Women in the United States

Syphilis Rates Increasing in Peripartum Women in the United States

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The rate of syphilis has been increasing in peripartum women in the United States.

Antibiotic Prescribing for CAP May Differ in Pediatric Specialty Hospitals

Antibiotic Prescribing for CAP May Differ in Pediatric Specialty Hospitals

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Compared with those at children's hospitals, children receiving CAP care at other hospital types are less likely to be treated as per national guidelines.

Risk Stratification of Febrile Infants Without Routine Lumbar Puncture

Risk Stratification of Febrile Infants Without Routine Lumbar Puncture

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A modified Philadelphia criterion for risk stratification of febrile infants with invasive bacterial infection had high sensitivity without CSF testing.

Current Polio Eradication Program Suboptimal for Cross-Immunity to Poliovirus Type 2

Current Polio Eradication Program Suboptimal for Cross-Immunity to Poliovirus Type 2

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The polio eradication program cannot assume any poliovirus type 2 mucosal response with the current polio immunization schedule.

Association of Hydrocephalus With Congenital Zika Syndrome

Association of Hydrocephalus With Congenital Zika Syndrome

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Evidence that hydrocephalus is a complication in at least a proportion of patients with congenital Zika syndrome has been published in JAMA Neurology.

 Study Evaluates <i>Lactobacillus rhamnosus</i> GG Probiotic for Acute Pediatric Gastroenteritis

Study Evaluates Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG Probiotic for Acute Pediatric Gastroenteritis

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The efficacy of L rhamnosus GG to treat acute gastroenteritis in children may not be significantly different from that seen with placebo.

Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Approved for Use in Younger Patients With HBV

Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Approved for Use in Younger Patients With HBV

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The Indication section has been revised to state that Viread is intended for use in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B in adults and pediatric patients 2 years of age and older weighing at least 10kg.

Case Numbers of U.S. Children With Polio-Like Illness Hit Record High

Case Numbers of U.S. Children With Polio-Like Illness Hit Record High

There has been a record number of cases of a rare paralyzing illness among children in the United States this year.

Antibiotic Use in Early Childhood Modestly Increases Risk for Subsequent Obesity

Antibiotic Use in Early Childhood Modestly Increases Risk for Subsequent Obesity

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The use of antibiotics in children younger than 24 months was modestly associated with being overweight and obese at age 5 years.

Lack of Pediatric Preventive Care Ups Unplanned Hospital Admissions

Lack of Pediatric Preventive Care Ups Unplanned Hospital Admissions

Infants and children lacking vaccinations, development checks more likely to be admitted

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