Pediatrics

Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Approved for Use in Younger Patients With HBV

Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Approved for Use in Younger Patients With HBV

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The Indication section has been revised to state that Viread is intended for use in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B in adults and pediatric patients 2 years of age and older weighing at least 10kg.

Case Numbers of U.S. Children With Polio-Like Illness Hit Record High

Case Numbers of U.S. Children With Polio-Like Illness Hit Record High

There has been a record number of cases of a rare paralyzing illness among children in the United States this year.

Antibiotic Use in Early Childhood Modestly Increases Risk for Subsequent Obesity

Antibiotic Use in Early Childhood Modestly Increases Risk for Subsequent Obesity

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The use of antibiotics in children younger than 24 months was modestly associated with being overweight and obese at age 5 years.

Lack of Pediatric Preventive Care Ups Unplanned Hospital Admissions

Lack of Pediatric Preventive Care Ups Unplanned Hospital Admissions

Infants and children lacking vaccinations, development checks more likely to be admitted

Prior Influenza Vaccination Not Associated With Future Vaccine Efficacy in Children

Prior Influenza Vaccination Not Associated With Future Vaccine Efficacy in Children

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Prior-season influenza vaccination history was not associated with reduced vaccine effectiveness in children.

Guideline Adoption for Childhood Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Guideline Adoption for Childhood Community-Acquired Pneumonia

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Recommendations in line with the current national guidelines for childhood CAP were found to be supported at pediatric primary care practices.

Probiotics Show No Benefits for Pediatric Acute Gastroenteritis

Probiotics Show No Benefits for Pediatric Acute Gastroenteritis

For children with acute gastroenteritis, probiotics show no significant benefit versus placebo.

Early Antibiotic Use May Be Tied to Childhood Weight Gain

Early Antibiotic Use May Be Tied to Childhood Weight Gain

Antibiotic use in children <24 months of age is associated with a slightly higher body weight at 5 years of age.

Vaccine-Exempt Students Behind North Carolina Chickenpox Outbreak

Vaccine-Exempt Students Behind North Carolina Chickenpox Outbreak

Of the school's 152 students, 110 have not received the varicella vaccine

<i>Neisseria meningitidis</i> Serogroups C and Y Vaccine Safe When Co-Administered

Neisseria meningitidis Serogroups C and Y Vaccine Safe When Co-Administered

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H influenzae type b and N meningitidis serogroups C and Y-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine may be safe to co-administer to infants with other scheduled vaccines.

No Efficacy Signal for Fluoxetine in EV-D68 Acute Flaccid Myelitis

No Efficacy Signal for Fluoxetine in EV-D68 Acute Flaccid Myelitis

The antiviral agent fluoxetine is well tolerated but is not effective for patients with proven or presumptive enterovirus D68-associated acute flaccid myelitis.

CDC Probe Continues as Cases of Acute Flaccid Myelitis Rise

CDC Probe Continues as Cases of Acute Flaccid Myelitis Rise

Cases of a mysterious polio-like illness continue to mount in the United States.

Amoxicillin-Clavulanate Vs Azithromycin for Children With Bronchiectasis

Amoxicillin-Clavulanate Vs Azithromycin for Children With Bronchiectasis

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Azithromycin and amoxicillin-clavulanate are equally effective for resolving nonsevere bronchiectasis in children.

CDC: Cases of Polio-Like Illness Still Increasing in the US

CDC: Cases of Polio-Like Illness Still Increasing in the US

Cases of a polio-like condition that mainly affects children continue to rise this year in the United States.

Homeopathy No Better Than Placebo for Respiratory Infections in Children

Homeopathy No Better Than Placebo for Respiratory Infections in Children

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When compared to placebo, homeopathic medicines do not provide any additional benefit to children with acute respiratory tract infections.

10th Child Dies in Adenovirus Outbreak at NJ Facility

10th Child Dies in Adenovirus Outbreak at NJ Facility

A 10th child has died in an adenovirus outbreak at the Wanaque Center for Nursing and Rehabilitation in Haskell, NJ.

ART Initiated Pre-Pregnancy Lowers Hospitalization due to Infection in HIV-Exposed Infants

ART Initiated Pre-Pregnancy Lowers Hospitalization due to Infection in HIV-Exposed Infants

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ART prior to becoming pregnant was linked with reduced risk for hospitalization because of infections in seronegative infants who are exposed to HIV.

Sepsis Can Affect Long Term Neurocognitive Dysfunction in Children With ALL

Sepsis Can Affect Long Term Neurocognitive Dysfunction in Children With ALL

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Sepsis associated with treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in pediatric patients can affect long-term neurocognitive function.

Optimal Pertussis Toxin Antibodies Achieved With Third Trimester Tdap Vaccination

Optimal Pertussis Toxin Antibodies Achieved With Third Trimester Tdap Vaccination

Immunization with Tdap vaccine during the third trimester of pregnancy resulted in higher concentrations of pertussis toxin antibodies in newborns.

Infant HIV Infection Ups Risk for Congenital CMV Infection

Infant HIV Infection Ups Risk for Congenital CMV Infection

HIV-exposed infants have high rates of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection, and in utero HIV infection seems to be a major risk factor for cCMV.

Seven Dead in Adenovirus Outbreak at Care Facility

Seven Dead in Adenovirus Outbreak at Care Facility

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Seven deaths, at least six of which were of children, have been associated with a current outbreak of infections with adenovirus serotype 7 at a New Jersey facility.

Postnatal Education Increases Pain Relief Use at Vaccinations

Postnatal Education Increases Pain Relief Use at Vaccinations

Moms given info about infant pain management more likely to breastfeed, give sucrose, and anesthestics.

Probiotics May Reduce Antibiotic Use for Common Acute Infections in Children

Probiotics May Reduce Antibiotic Use for Common Acute Infections in Children

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Probiotics provided to reduce the risk for common acute infections may be associated with reduced antibiotic use in infants and children.

Low Risk for Bacterial Coinfections in Febrile Infants With Viral Infections

Low Risk for Bacterial Coinfections in Febrile Infants With Viral Infections

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Infants ≤60 days old with fever and confirmed viral infections are at a lower risk for serious bacterial infections compared to infants without a virus.

Viral Suppression in Children on ART Identified Via Quantitative HIV Antibody Levels

Viral Suppression in Children on ART Identified Via Quantitative HIV Antibody Levels

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For children receiving , HIV-1-specific antibody levels can be useful markers for measuring viral suppression or for low residual cell-associated HIV-1 DNA levels.

Polio-Like Condition in Children on Rise in the United States

Polio-Like Condition in Children on Rise in the United States

A rare, polio-like condition in children is on the rise again in the United States, with 38 confirmed cases in 16 states so far this year.

Shorter Course Antibiotics May Be Effective for Pediatric Urinary Tract Infections

Shorter Course Antibiotics May Be Effective for Pediatric Urinary Tract Infections

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Rates of urinary tract infection recurrence after antibiotic depletion did not differ significantly between treatment durations of 7 days, 10 days, and 14 days.

Pediatric Phase 1 Trial Shows Ceftolozane/Tazobactam Is Safe,Tolerable

Pediatric Phase 1 Trial Shows Ceftolozane/Tazobactam Is Safe,Tolerable

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Single doses of ceftolozane and tazobactam were well tolerated in children with gram-negative bacterial infections and no safety concerns were identified.

Metabolic Effects of Initiating Lopinavir/Ritonavir Treatment in Children

Metabolic Effects of Initiating Lopinavir/Ritonavir Treatment in Children

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Lopinavir/ritonavir-based treatment may be associated with higher total cholesterol in young children.

Short-Course Oral Steroids Ineffective for Pediatric Otitis Media With Effusion

Short-Course Oral Steroids Ineffective for Pediatric Otitis Media With Effusion

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A short course of oral steroids was not found to significantly improve otitis media with effusion in children.

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