Pediatrics

Viral Suppression in Children on ART Identified Via Quantitative HIV Antibody Levels

Viral Suppression in Children on ART Identified Via Quantitative HIV Antibody Levels

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For children receiving , HIV-1-specific antibody levels can be useful markers for measuring viral suppression or for low residual cell-associated HIV-1 DNA levels.

Shorter Course Antibiotics May Be Effective for Pediatric Urinary Tract Infections

Shorter Course Antibiotics May Be Effective for Pediatric Urinary Tract Infections

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Rates of urinary tract infection recurrence after antibiotic depletion did not differ significantly between treatment durations of 7 days, 10 days, and 14 days.

Pediatric Phase 1 Trial Shows Ceftolozane/Tazobactam Is Safe,Tolerable

Pediatric Phase 1 Trial Shows Ceftolozane/Tazobactam Is Safe,Tolerable

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Single doses of ceftolozane and tazobactam were well tolerated in children with gram-negative bacterial infections and no safety concerns were identified.

Metabolic Effects of Initiating Lopinavir/Ritonavir Treatment in Children

Metabolic Effects of Initiating Lopinavir/Ritonavir Treatment in Children

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Lopinavir/ritonavir-based treatment may be associated with higher total cholesterol in young children.

Short-Course Oral Steroids Ineffective for Pediatric Otitis Media With Effusion

Short-Course Oral Steroids Ineffective for Pediatric Otitis Media With Effusion

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A short course of oral steroids was not found to significantly improve otitis media with effusion in children.

Benefits of Early Azithromycin Therapy in Children With Respiratory Infections

Benefits of Early Azithromycin Therapy in Children With Respiratory Infections

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A study recently published in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy shows the clinical benefits of early target attainment of azithromycin therapy when treating children with lower respiratory tract infections.

Similar Safety and Efficacy for Rifampin vs Isoniazid in Children, Adolescents

Similar Safety and Efficacy for Rifampin vs Isoniazid in Children, Adolescents

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For children younger than 18 years, 4 months of rifampin to treat latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis had similar rates of safety and efficacy and higher rates of adherence compared with 9 months of isoniazid.

New York State Mandate for Pediatric Sepsis Bundled Care Linked to Lower Mortality

New York State Mandate for Pediatric Sepsis Bundled Care Linked to Lower Mortality

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Completion of a care bundle for pediatric patients within 1 hour of sepsis recognition, which includes blood cultures, broad-spectrum antibiotics, and a 20-mL/kg intravenous fluid bolus, was associated with lower in-hospital mortality among children with sepsis and septic shock

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