Pneumonia

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Routine Chest Radiographs Not Recommended in Suspected Pediatric Pneumonia

Routine Chest Radiographs Not Recommended in Suspected Pediatric Pneumonia

Chest X-rays do not differentiate between viral and bacterial pathogens, and they do not subsequently alter the course of treatment.

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Planned Meta-Analysis of Risk Factors for Neonatal Pneumonia in India

Planned Meta-Analysis of Risk Factors for Neonatal Pneumonia in India

This will be the first systematic review and meta-analysis on risk factors for pneumonia among neonates in India.

Higher Mortality Rate in Severe CAP Treated With Invasive Mechanical Ventilation

Higher Mortality Rate in Severe CAP Treated With Invasive Mechanical Ventilation

Patients admitted to hospitals with severe CAP who subsequently required invasive mechanical ventilation had a higher mortality risk.

Increased Risk for Invasive Pneumococcal Disease With Opioid Use

Increased Risk for Invasive Pneumococcal Disease With Opioid Use

Opioid use is associated with elevated risk of invasive pneumococcal disease.

FDA: Avycaz Approved for Hospital-Acquired, Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

FDA: Avycaz Approved for Hospital-Acquired, Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

The FDA has approved the use of Avycaz (ceftazidime, avibactam) to treat hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia.

PCV13 Vaccine Elicits Small, Transient Reduction in Pneumococcal Carriage in Adults

PCV13 Vaccine Elicits Small, Transient Reduction in Pneumococcal Carriage in Adults

A single dose of PCV13 was found to be effective in generating a small, temporary reduction in vaccine-type nasopharyngeal pneumococcal carriage in older, community-dwelling residents.

Corticosteroids Associated With Reduced Pneumonia-Related Mortality

Corticosteroids Associated With Reduced Pneumonia-Related Mortality

Corticosteroid therapy was associated with more adverse events, especially hyperglycemia, but the harms did not seem to outweigh the benefits.

Ceftazidime-Avibactam Efficacious in Nosocomial Pneumonia

Ceftazidime-Avibactam Efficacious in Nosocomial Pneumonia

Results support a role for ceftazidime-avibactam as a potential alternative to carbapenems in patients with nosocomial pneumonia (including ventilator-associated pneumonia) caused by Gram-negative pathogens.

Nonventilator Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia Highly Prevalent in Acute Care

Nonventilator Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia Highly Prevalent in Acute Care

Nonventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia is a significant burden in US acute care hospitals and poses a risk to nonelderly, non-intensive unit patients.

Serological Response to PCV13, PPV23 Vaccination Varies According to Individual Biologic in RA

Serological Response to PCV13, PPV23 Vaccination Varies According to Individual Biologic in RA

The objective of the study was to evaluate initial serologic responses to the 13-valent protein-conjugated and the 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine.

Increased Aspiration Pneumonia Risk Associated With Antipsychotic Use

Increased Aspiration Pneumonia Risk Associated With Antipsychotic Use

The absolute risk for aspiration pneumonia attributable to antipsychotic exposure is much greater in older rather than younger adults.

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