Pneumonia

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Trial Results Affected by Heterogeneous CAP Inclusion Criteria

Trial Results Affected by Heterogeneous CAP Inclusion Criteria

The diagnostic criteria for community acquired pneumonia within randomized controlled trials are highly heterogeneous.

Worse Outcomes From Legionella Pneumonia in Individuals With Advanced HIV

Worse Outcomes From Legionella Pneumonia in Individuals With Advanced HIV

Previous results stated that Legionella pneumonia characteristics may not differ between individuals with HIV and individuals who do not have HIV.

Combining Corticosteroids and Antibiotics May Be Cost-Effective in CAP

Combining Corticosteroids and Antibiotics May Be Cost-Effective in CAP

Treating severe community-acquired pneumonia with a combination of corticosteroids and antibiotics may be a cost-effective strategy.

Klebsiella pneumoniae With PKS Gene Cluster Increases 30-Day Mortality

Klebsiella pneumoniae With PKS Gene Cluster Increases 30-Day Mortality

Results showed pks carriage by a causative strain was an independent risk factor for 30-day mortality in patients with K pneumoniae bloodstream infections, especially when accompanied by MDR.

Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Risk Higher in Premature Infants

Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Risk Higher in Premature Infants

Invasive pneumococcal disease was significantly higher in premature infants than in infants born at term.

Guideline Adoption for Childhood Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Guideline Adoption for Childhood Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Recommendations in line with the current national guidelines for childhood CAP were found to be supported at pediatric primary care practices.

IDSA/ATS CAP Guidelines Have Poor Specificity/Sensitivity for Some Bacteria

IDSA/ATS CAP Guidelines Have Poor Specificity/Sensitivity for Some Bacteria

Recommended indications for Streptococcus pneumoniae and Legionella pneumophila antigen testing for CAP have poor sensitivity and specificity for identifying patients to screen.

Pneumococcal Vaccine Recommendations Cause Confusion Among Physicians

Pneumococcal Vaccine Recommendations Cause Confusion Among Physicians

While primary care physicians overwhelmingly recommend pneumococcal vaccines, there is a gap in their knowledge of how to implement related vaccine recommendations.

Risk Factors for Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens in Pneumonia

Risk Factors for Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens in Pneumonia

Previous antibiotic use and mechanical invasive ventilation were risk factors for multidrug-resistant pathogens in hospital-associated or ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Chest Radiograph Effective for Excluding Pediatric Pneumonia

Chest Radiograph Effective for Excluding Pediatric Pneumonia

A negative chest radiograph accurately excludes pneumonia in the majority of children.

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