Prevention

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WHO: Vaccine Hesitancy a Major Global Health Threat

WHO: Vaccine Hesitancy a Major Global Health Threat

Percentage of U.S. children 19 to 35 months who have not been vaccinated has quadrupled since 2001.

Predicative Factors for Relapse in Adult Bacterial Osteomyelitis

Predicative Factors for Relapse in Adult Bacterial Osteomyelitis

Several factors for osteomyelitis relapse, including osteomyelitis extending for more than 3 months.

Challenges in Monitoring Vaccine Exemptions: A Real-World Example From California

Challenges in Monitoring Vaccine Exemptions: A Real-World Example From California

A growing number of patients are requesting exemptions from vaccinations, posing a public health concern across the country and challenging states to form a response.

Measles Outbreak in New York State Largest in Recent History

Measles Outbreak in New York State Largest in Recent History

There have been at least 112 confirmed cases of measles in Rockland and Orange counties and at least 55 in New York City.

Risk Stratification of Febrile Infants Without Routine Lumbar Puncture

Risk Stratification of Febrile Infants Without Routine Lumbar Puncture

A modified Philadelphia criterion for risk stratification of febrile infants with invasive bacterial infection had high sensitivity without CSF testing.

Fractional Yellow Fever Vaccine Dose Protective for 10 Years

Fractional Yellow Fever Vaccine Dose Protective for 10 Years

A one-fifth dose of the 17D-YFV vaccine against yellow fever induced a protective immune response that lasted for 10 years.

Current Polio Eradication Program Suboptimal for Cross-Immunity to Poliovirus Type 2

Current Polio Eradication Program Suboptimal for Cross-Immunity to Poliovirus Type 2

The polio eradication program cannot assume any poliovirus type 2 mucosal response with the current polio immunization schedule.

Head or Spine Surgery Increased Risk for Streptococcus pneumoniae Meningitis

Head or Spine Surgery Increased Risk for Streptococcus pneumoniae Meningitis

Prior head or spine surgery was associated with increased risk for Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis outside of the postoperative period.

Trial Evaluating Staphylococcus aureus Vaccine Halted

Trial Evaluating Staphylococcus aureus Vaccine Halted

The aim of the STRIVE study was to investigate whether a single vaccination given 10-60 days before spinal surgery could prevent S. aureus infection in adults undergoing elective spinal fusion surgery.

Pneumococcal Vaccine May Reduce Resistant Streptococcus Pneumoniae Carriage

Pneumococcal Vaccine May Reduce Resistant Streptococcus Pneumoniae Carriage

A marked and rapid reduction in PCV13 serotype, the most common antibiotic-nonsusceptible S pneumoniae, carriage was observed in both ethnic populations included in this study.

SGLT2 Inhibitors and Urinary Tract Infections: What's the Link?

SGLT2 Inhibitors and Urinary Tract Infections: What's the Link?

For this study, the authors identified randomized controlled trials that compared SGLT2 inhibitors with placebo, no treatment, or another antidiabetic agent and reported on UTI outcome.

Stethoscopes in ICU Show High Levels of Bacterial Contamination

Stethoscopes in ICU Show High Levels of Bacterial Contamination

Stethoscopes in the intensive care unit have high levels of bacterial contamination.

Lack of Pediatric Preventive Care Ups Unplanned Hospital Admissions

Lack of Pediatric Preventive Care Ups Unplanned Hospital Admissions

Infants and children lacking vaccinations, development checks more likely to be admitted

Pregnant Women Commonly Refuse Vaccines

Pregnant Women Commonly Refuse Vaccines

Providers believe stressing fetal protection is most effective strategy against refusal.

PCV13 Vaccine Protects Against Serotype 3 Invasive Pneumococcal Disease in Children

PCV13 Vaccine Protects Against Serotype 3 Invasive Pneumococcal Disease in Children

A meta-analysis of case-control studies supports the use of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in children as it protects against serotype 3.

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