Prevention

CDC: Some Sexual Minorities Have Higher Sexual Risk Behaviors

CDC: Some Sexual Minorities Have Higher Sexual Risk Behaviors

Bisexual females, 'not sure' males have higher prevalence of many sexual risk behaviors

Disaster Preparedness 101: Physician Resources for Patients

Disaster Preparedness 101: Physician Resources for Patients

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The American Heart Association has updated their disaster resources page with the latest tips to keep in mind when counseling patients ahead of a natural disaster.

Metabolic Effects of Initiating Lopinavir/Ritonavir Treatment in Children

Metabolic Effects of Initiating Lopinavir/Ritonavir Treatment in Children

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Lopinavir/ritonavir-based treatment may be associated with higher total cholesterol in young children.

<i>Neisseria Meningitidis</i> Serogroup W Infections Increasing in Georgia

Neisseria Meningitidis Serogroup W Infections Increasing in Georgia

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The incidence of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W incidence has been increasing in Georgia since 2006.

Permethrin Plus Pyriproxyfen-Treated Bednets Reduce Malaria Transmission

Permethrin Plus Pyriproxyfen-Treated Bednets Reduce Malaria Transmission

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Long-lasting insecticidal nets treated with permethrin plus pyriproxyfen are more effective in preventing clinical malaria compared with standard insecticidal nets.

Checkpoint Blockade Demonstrates Antitumor Activity in HIV-Associated Kaposi Sarcoma

Checkpoint Blockade Demonstrates Antitumor Activity in HIV-Associated Kaposi Sarcoma

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One patient achieved complete remission in the trial, while 5 other patients experienced partial remission.

Review of Diagnostic Tools for Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections

Review of Diagnostic Tools for Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections

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The journal Annals of Emergency Medicine recently published an article reviewing the tools used to diagnose necrotizing soft tissue infection.

Improved Immune Response to Pneumococcal Vaccine in ANCA-Associated Vasculitis

Improved Immune Response to Pneumococcal Vaccine in ANCA-Associated Vasculitis

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Suppressing cytomegalovirus may improve the immune response to a T cell-dependent pneumococcal vaccination in patients experiencing ANCA-associated vasculitis.

Positive Results for Ceftolozane/Tazobactamin Phase 3 Study of Ventilated HABP, VABP Patients

Positive Results for Ceftolozane/Tazobactamin Phase 3 Study of Ventilated HABP, VABP Patients

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The full findings from the study will be presented at a future scientific conference; Merck plans to include the data in a supplemental New Drug Application for Zerbaxa which will be submitted to the Food and Drug Administration.

CDC: HPV Vaccination Rates Increasing Among Adolescents

CDC: HPV Vaccination Rates Increasing Among Adolescents

Proportion of teens up to date with HPV vaccines also increasing; reached 48.6 percent in 2017.

Prenatal Tdap Vaccination Not Associated With an Increased Risk of Autism

Prenatal Tdap Vaccination Not Associated With an Increased Risk of Autism

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No association was observed between prenatal vaccination of Tdap vaccination and an increased risk of autism spectrum disorder risk in children.

Protective Role of Pre-F Antibodies Against RSV Acute Respiratory Infection

Protective Role of Pre-F Antibodies Against RSV Acute Respiratory Infection

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Serum antibodies against the pre-fusion respiratory syncytial virus fusion protein (pre-F) may be a correlate of protection against RSV acute respiratory infection.

Dengue Vaccine Presents Solutions and Backlash in Dengue-Endemic Regions

Dengue Vaccine Presents Solutions and Backlash in Dengue-Endemic Regions

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The principles of "trolleyology" can be used to understand hesitancy among certain individuals to vaccinate against the Dengue virus.

AAP Updates Recommendations for Pediatric Flu Vaccination

AAP Updates Recommendations for Pediatric Flu Vaccination

All children and adolescents are advised to undergo annual influenza immunization, ideally with an inactivated influenza vaccine.

Southwest Passengers May Have Been Exposed to Measles

Southwest Passengers May Have Been Exposed to Measles

Passengers and crew on four Southwest Airlines flights within Texas in late August are being notified that they may have been exposed to measles.

CDC: Greater Awareness of Valley Fever Needed Nationally

CDC: Greater Awareness of Valley Fever Needed Nationally

Greater nationwide awareness of the fungal infection Valley fever is needed.

Emotional Pain Tied to Health Care-Associated Infections

Emotional Pain Tied to Health Care-Associated Infections

Many patients with health care-associated infections concerned about transmission.

Point-of-Care Anti-Toxoplasma Antibody Test Can Reduce Costs and Morbidity

Point-of-Care Anti-Toxoplasma Antibody Test Can Reduce Costs and Morbidity

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The adoption of a point-of-care test to detect Toxoplasma gondii infection would substantially reduce costs and require significantly less infrastructure than conventional testing.

Coccidioidomycosis Screening Benefits TNFi Therapy Recipients

Coccidioidomycosis Screening Benefits TNFi Therapy Recipients

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Screening of asymptomatic coccidioidomycosis within a Coccidioides-endemic area allowed for identifying and managing asymptomatic cases before patients began tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor therapy.

Immune Cells' Gene Expression May Predict Flu Susceptibility

Immune Cells' Gene Expression May Predict Flu Susceptibility

KLRD1-expressing natural killer cells may be a biomarker for influenza susceptibility.

Ground Meat Products Recalled by Publix Super Markets

Ground Meat Products Recalled by Publix Super Markets

Possible Escherichia coli contamination has triggered the recall of ground beef products made from chuck that were sold at Publix Super Markets in Florida.

Individualized Treatment of Late Acute Prosthetic Joint Infection May Decrease Failure Rate

Individualized Treatment of Late Acute Prosthetic Joint Infection May Decrease Failure Rate

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Treatment strategies for late acute prosthetic joint infections should be individualized according to patients' age, comorbidities, clinical presentation, and microorganism causing the infection.

Decline of Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis Mortality Linked With Increased Vaccinations

Decline of Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis Mortality Linked With Increased Vaccinations

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Age-specific mortality from subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, the neurodegenerative disease caused by the measles virus, is reflective of changes in measles age distributions, and the condition could disappear in the United States if measles vaccination rates remain high.

China Withholding H7N9 Bird Flu Virus Samples From the United States

China Withholding H7N9 Bird Flu Virus Samples From the United States

Specimens of the rapidly evolving virus are needed to develop vaccines and treatments.

Behavioral Intervention Reduces HIV Transmission Risk in Young Transgender Women

Behavioral Intervention Reduces HIV Transmission Risk in Young Transgender Women

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A group-based behavioral intervention reduced the sexual risk for HIV infection and transmission by nearly 40% in young transgender women.

Physicians Have Knowledge Gap Regarding Meningococcal B Vaccine

Physicians Have Knowledge Gap Regarding Meningococcal B Vaccine

U.S. pediatricians and family physicians have considerable knowledge gaps regarding serogroup B meningococcal vaccination.

Therapeutic Algorithm May Guide Empiric Therapy in Pneumonia

Therapeutic Algorithm May Guide Empiric Therapy in Pneumonia

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An algorithm based on risk factors for resistant pathogens and illness severity can simplify pneumonia treatment, improve the accuracy of empiric therapy, reduce mortality, and help avoid overusing broad spectrum therapy in some patients.

Obesity May Increase Duration of Influenza A Virus Shedding in Adults

Obesity May Increase Duration of Influenza A Virus Shedding in Adults

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Obesity may play an important role in influenza transmission, highlighting the importance of working toward controlling and preventing the obesity epidemic.

Smartphone App Can Help Improve Outcomes in Patients With HIV

Smartphone App Can Help Improve Outcomes in Patients With HIV

Improvements seen in retention in care, CD4 counts, and viral suppression.

Catch-Up HPV Vaccination Only Effective for Certain Ages

Catch-Up HPV Vaccination Only Effective for Certain Ages

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Catch-up quadrivalent HPV vaccination with 3 doses was effective against the risk for CIN2+ and CIN3+ in girls and women age 14-20 at time of first vaccine dose but not for women age 21 and older at first dose.

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