Azithromycin and amoxicillin-clavulanate are equally effective for resolving nonsevere bronchiectasis in children.
Short course gentamicin therapy in patients with bacteremia was not associated with an increased incidence of acute kidney injury.
Poor clinical outcomes linked to extended spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae.
The aim of the study was to assess both treatment evaluation and treatment initiation rates from various practice settings between January 2002 and December 2016.
It may not be possible to bring the Ebola outbreak in Congo under control, and the deadly disease may become entrenched in the northeastern part of the country.
Stratifying tuberculosis patients by disease severity may enable shorter treatment regimens.
Excessive numbers of negative clinical trials — many of which may be false-negative trials — are a major impediment to the advancement of critical care medicine.
The "8.1 Pregnancy" and "12.3 Pharmacokinetics" sections have been updated with data showing no increase in the risk of overall major birth defects with 1st trimester exposure for rilpivirine.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Hepatitis Vaccines Work Group updated recommendations for the use of hepatitis A vaccine for PEP and PrEP.
Two Phase 3 trials conducted in Asia and Latin America assessed the efficacy of the vaccine in >35,000 individuals aged 2 to 16 years.
ART prior to becoming pregnant was linked with reduced risk for hospitalization because of infections in seronegative infants who are exposed to HIV.
Seasonal influenza activity was also found to be low in the Southern Hemisphere.
Ensuring access to HIV services and harm-reduction interventions earlier could substantially reduce HIV incidence over the course of an actual outbreak.
The failure mode and effect analysis methodology may facilitate protocols for new control that would benefit dengue detection and assessment for the 2020 Olympics.
Prescription of antibiotics, acid-suppressing meds in first two years of life linked to childhood obesity.
Anidulafungin, caspofungin, and micafungin have shown similar risk profiles for severe hepatotoxicity.
The anti-vaccine movement has proliferated over recent years, thanks in part to its most vocal proponents using social media to churn out often misleading information.
A second dose of Tdap, a reduced-antigen-content tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine, 9 years after initial vaccination was well tolerated and immunogenic.
An adverse event after immunization may not reoccur with future immunizations, unless the initial reaction was severe.
Immunization with Tdap vaccine during the third trimester of pregnancy resulted in higher concentrations of pertussis toxin antibodies in newborns.
While primary care physicians overwhelmingly recommend pneumococcal vaccines, there is a gap in their knowledge of how to implement related vaccine recommendations.
Shedding of Salmonella Typhi or Paratyphi in the stool/urine leads to contamination of food/water, but vaccines can reduce stool shedding.
HIV-exposed infants have high rates of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection, and in utero HIV infection seems to be a major risk factor for cCMV.
Antibiotic treatment started sooner in individuals with sepsis treated with advanced life support who did not have hypotension.
Significant reduction seen in hospitalization with receipt of high-dose versus standard-dose vaccine.
Family-centered pediatric advance care planning may result in fewer symptoms, less suffering.
From 2014 to 2016 there was an increase in the annual number of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) users in the United States.
Patients recovering from sepsis had an elevated risk for myocardial infarction or stroke in the first 4 weeks after hospital discharge compared to the general population.
The use of gentamicin-impregnated beads and/or sponges should be discouraged in early acute periprosthetic joint infection as their use is associated with high failure rates.
A ratio of free drug area under the concentration-time curve to MIC for daptomycin was linked with an higher 30-day survival in some with bacteremia.
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Infectious Disease Advisor Articles
- Homeopathy No Better Than Placebo for Respiratory Infections in Children
- CDC Director Says Congo Ebola Outbreak May Be Uncontainable
- Many Linens Delivered To US Hospitals Contaminated With Mucorales Mold
- Depression and Alcohol Misuse Lower Odds of Achieving Viral Suppression in HIV
- Low Rates of HBsAg Seroclearance in Chronic HBV Infection
- Oral Urinary Tract Infection Treatments
- Treating Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infections: Highlights From IDWeek 2018
- Local Gentamicin Application Ineffective in Treatment of Periprosthetic Joint Infection
- High-Dose Influenza Vaccination May Benefit Transplant Recipients
- Social Medicine: The Effect of Social Media on the Anti-Vaccine Movement
- The Effect of Chronic Pain on HIV Outcomes
- Entecavir, Peginterferon Ineffective for Immune-Tolerant Hepatitis B in Children
- Update on the Ethics of Mandating HPV Vaccination
- Hands Are Vehicles for Transmission of Streptococcus pneumoniae
- Certain Iron Deficiencies May Protect Against Malaria in African Children