Respiratory

Feature Article

Case Study: Persistent Upper Respiratory Infection in a 44-Year-Old Man

Case Study: Persistent Upper Respiratory Infection in a 44-Year-Old Man

A middle-aged man with no significant medical history presents to the local urgent care center after 3 days of fevers, sore throat, rhinitis, coughing, and myalgia.

Latest News

Decreased Tuberculosis Risk With Metformin vs Sulfonylureas

Decreased Tuberculosis Risk With Metformin vs Sulfonylureas

Patients with type 2 diabetes treated with sulfonylureas may be at a higher risk of contracting tuberculosis.

Antibody Response Detected From Swabs Predicts Respiratory Viral Infection

Antibody Response Detected From Swabs Predicts Respiratory Viral Infection

A simple diagnostic test aids in the early and accurate detection of respiratory viral infection.

Update to Pulmonary Tuberculosis Screening Recommendations

Update to Pulmonary Tuberculosis Screening Recommendations

Report updated the 2006 American College of Chest Physicians clinical practice guideline for cough due to TB and other chronic infections.

Acute RTI in Children: Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics

Acute RTI in Children: Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics

Broad-spectrum antibiotics are not associated with better clinical or patient-centered outcomes compared with narrow-spectrum antibiotics in pediatric acute RTI.

Primary Prophylaxis Reduces Pneumocystis Pneumonia in Rheumatic Disease

Primary Prophylaxis Reduces Pneumocystis Pneumonia in Rheumatic Disease

Prolonged treatment with high-dose steroids is a significant risk factor for pneumocystis pneumonia in patients with hematologic malignancies, solid organ transplants, and rheumatic diseases.

Reduced Rate of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia With Nebulized Antibiotics

Reduced Rate of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia With Nebulized Antibiotics

Prophylactic antibiotics delivered by nebulization in patients who were mechanically ventilated reduced the rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia

Likelihood of Self-Administered Treatment Completion for Latent TB

Likelihood of Self-Administered Treatment Completion for Latent TB

The iAdhere study found that once-weekly self-administration of isoniazid and rifapentine had high treatment completion rates in the United States, Hong Kong, Spain, and South Africa.

Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis to Increase in 4 High-Burden Countries

Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis to Increase in 4 High-Burden Countries

Additional strategies to prevent transmission will be necessary to stop multidrug-resistant (MDR) or extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis in countries with a high burden of MDR tuberculosis.

Preterm Infants at Higher Risk for RSV Hospitalization Following 2014 Guidance

Preterm Infants at Higher Risk for RSV Hospitalization Following 2014 Guidance

New data shows a higher risk of respiratory syncytial virus hospitalization for preterm infants during the 2015-2016 season vs data from the previous season.

Metformin Reduces Mortality During Tuberculosis Therapy

Metformin Reduces Mortality During Tuberculosis Therapy

Researchers assess all-cause mortality during tuberculosis treatment in patients with diabetes, the use of metformin, and effect sputum culture-conversion rates.

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