Respiratory

Feature Article

A 56-Year-Old Man With Flu-Like Symptoms Presents With Palpitations

A 56-Year-Old Man With Flu-Like Symptoms Presents With Palpitations

A 56-year-old man with improved flu-like symptoms, but marked shortness of breath and palpitations, presents to an urgent care center.

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Fluoroquinolone Use May Increase Risk for Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection

Fluoroquinolone Use May Increase Risk for Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection

Additional studies are needed to investigate whether there are differences between individual fluoroquinolones with respect to the risk for aortic aneurysm.

Paracetamol Overuse During Cold and Flu Season

Paracetamol Overuse During Cold and Flu Season

During the cold and flu season, the use and over-dosing of paracetamol is common, and may partially be driven by higher use of over-the-counter combination medications for the treatment of upper respiratory cold/flu symptoms.

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

Researchers found increased myocardial infarction rates during the week after Streptococcus pneumoniae and influenza infections.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention and Asthma in Preterm Infants

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention and Asthma in Preterm Infants

Researchers assessed the relationship between prevention of RSV in preterm infants and the frequency of subsequent wheeze in childhood.

Duration of Antibiotics Often Exceeds Guidelines for Sinusitis

Duration of Antibiotics Often Exceeds Guidelines for Sinusitis

When antibiotics are indicated for the treatment of acute bacterial sinusitis, the Infectious Diseases Society of America evidence-based clinical practice guidelines recommend 5 to 7 days of therapy for patients with a low risk of antibiotic resistance who have a favorable response to initial therapy.

Measles in Childhood Affects Airflow Obstruction in Midlife

Measles in Childhood Affects Airflow Obstruction in Midlife

Childhood measles compounds the association between smoking and midlife airflow obstruction.

In-Flight Transmission of Respiratory Diseases Low

In-Flight Transmission of Respiratory Diseases Low

The probability of direct transmission of respiratory diseases for passengers on transcontinental US flights not seated in close proximity to an infectious passenger is low.

Shorter Tuberculosis Regimens Associated With Greater Treatment Adherence

Shorter Tuberculosis Regimens Associated With Greater Treatment Adherence

Children receiving 3 months of once-weekly isoniazid and rifapentine were more likely to complete therapy than those receiving 9 months of daily isoniazid.

Safety Profile of Investigational RSV Vaccine Similar to Tdap Vaccine

Safety Profile of Investigational RSV Vaccine Similar to Tdap Vaccine

All formulations of a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) candidate vaccine were able to boost RSV antibody titers and their safety profile was similar to the Tdap vaccine.

Decreased Tuberculosis Risk With Metformin vs Sulfonylureas

Decreased Tuberculosis Risk With Metformin vs Sulfonylureas

Patients with type 2 diabetes treated with sulfonylureas may be at a higher risk of contracting tuberculosis.

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