Respiratory

Novel Point of Care Respiratory Viral Testing Service Shows Potential

Novel Point of Care Respiratory Viral Testing Service Shows Potential

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A novel service to target appropriate antimicrobial prescription and improve antibiotic stewardship shows potential according.

Stratifying by Severity May Allow Shorter TB Tx Regimens

Stratifying by Severity May Allow Shorter TB Tx Regimens

Stratifying tuberculosis patients by disease severity may enable shorter treatment regimens.

Homeopathy No Better Than Placebo for Respiratory Infections in Children

Homeopathy No Better Than Placebo for Respiratory Infections in Children

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When compared to placebo, homeopathic medicines do not provide any additional benefit to children with acute respiratory tract infections.

IDSA/ATS CAP Guidelines Have Poor Specificity/Sensitivity for Some Bacteria

IDSA/ATS CAP Guidelines Have Poor Specificity/Sensitivity for Some Bacteria

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Recommended indications for Streptococcus pneumoniae and Legionella pneumophila antigen testing for CAP have poor sensitivity and specificity for identifying patients to screen.

Antibiotics Provide Marginal Benefits in Adults With Acute Rhinosinusitis

Antibiotics Provide Marginal Benefits in Adults With Acute Rhinosinusitis

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A merger of data from 2 reviews found no place for antibiotics in adults with uncomplicated acute rhinosinusitis.

Seven Dead in Adenovirus Outbreak at Care Facility

Seven Dead in Adenovirus Outbreak at Care Facility

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Seven deaths, at least six of which were of children, have been associated with a current outbreak of infections with adenovirus serotype 7 at a New Jersey facility.

Limited Evidence for OTC Preps to Treat Nasal Symptoms of Colds

Limited Evidence for OTC Preps to Treat Nasal Symptoms of Colds

Limited evidence is available for OTC treatments for nasal symptoms of the common cold.

Severity of Acute Respiratory Infections in Children Affected by Viral Etiology

Severity of Acute Respiratory Infections in Children Affected by Viral Etiology

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Viral etiology plays a significant role in symptom severity in children with acute respiratory infections, and associated with an enhanced risk for acquiring subsequent acute respiratory infections.

Prescribing Antibiotics Shortens Telemedicine Visits for Respiratory Tract Infections

Prescribing Antibiotics Shortens Telemedicine Visits for Respiratory Tract Infections

These findings may highlight physician difficulty explaining to patients why antibiotics are not required.

Amikacin Inhalation Suspension Approved for Mycobaterium Avium Infection

Amikacin Inhalation Suspension Approved for Mycobaterium Avium Infection

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Arikayce is intended for oral inhalation use and is administered via the Lamira Nebulizer System only.

Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations May Predict Risk of Relapse in Tuberculosis

Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations May Predict Risk of Relapse in Tuberculosis

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Higher minimum inhibitory concentration values of isoniazid or rifampin are associated with a greater risk of relapse in drug-susceptible tuberculosis than lower MICs.

High-Touch Surfaces at Airports Often Covered in Pathogens

High-Touch Surfaces at Airports Often Covered in Pathogens

At least one respiratory virus detected in 10 percent of surface samples at major airport during flu season.

Pediatric Histoplasmosis Most Frequently Manifested as Pulmonary Disease

Pediatric Histoplasmosis Most Frequently Manifested as Pulmonary Disease

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Pediatric histoplasmosis most frequently manifests as pulmonary disease, and the highest diagnostic yields were achieved when multiple diagnostic modalities were used.

Protective Role of Pre-F Antibodies Against RSV Acute Respiratory Infection

Protective Role of Pre-F Antibodies Against RSV Acute Respiratory Infection

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Serum antibodies against the pre-fusion respiratory syncytial virus fusion protein (pre-F) may be a correlate of protection against RSV acute respiratory infection.

Benefits of Early Azithromycin Therapy in Children With Respiratory Infections

Benefits of Early Azithromycin Therapy in Children With Respiratory Infections

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A study recently published in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy shows the clinical benefits of early target attainment of azithromycin therapy when treating children with lower respiratory tract infections.

Effect of Respiratory Tract Microbiome on Susceptibility to Viral Infections

Effect of Respiratory Tract Microbiome on Susceptibility to Viral Infections

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New data suggest commensal respiratory microbiota play a significant role in susceptibility to viral infection.

FDA Warns Against Long-Term Azithromycin Use for Some

FDA Warns Against Long-Term Azithromycin Use for Some

The FDA is warning patients with cancers of the blood or lymph nodes who undergo a donor stem cell transplant not to take azithromycin,

Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescriptions Highest Among Urgent Care Facilities

Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescriptions Highest Among Urgent Care Facilities

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Inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions were highest among urgent care facilities (45.7%), with emergency departments (24.6%), medical offices (17.0%), and retail clinics (14.4%) following.

A Pan-Tuberculosis Regimen: The Debate Continues

A Pan-Tuberculosis Regimen: The Debate Continues

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Last month the South Africa National Tuberculosis Program decided to make oral bedaqualine available for all rifampin-resistant TB (RR-TB) in place of — the often more toxic — injectable drugs.

Interleukin-8 Enhances Diagnosis of Invasive Aspergillosis in High-Risk Patients

Interleukin-8 Enhances Diagnosis of Invasive Aspergillosis in High-Risk Patients

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High serum levels of IL-8 were highly specific and showed high sensitivity when combined with either the BALF, LFD, or BALF Aspergillus PCR, for differentiating probable invasive aspergillosis from cases with no infection.

Tobramycin Efficacy Decreased by Human Airway Mucus

Tobramycin Efficacy Decreased by Human Airway Mucus

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Human airway mucus alters the susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms to tobramycin, but not colistin.

Predictors of Influenza Vaccine Acceptance in Inflammatory Rheumatic Diseases

Predictors of Influenza Vaccine Acceptance in Inflammatory Rheumatic Diseases

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A direct recommendation from physicians had the greatest effect on patients' positive vaccination status.

Data Support FDA Restrictions on Child Cough and Cold Medicines

Data Support FDA Restrictions on Child Cough and Cold Medicines

New research supports expanded restrictions on opioid-containing cough and cold medications for children.

Drop in Childhood Pneumococcal, Hib Deaths From 2000 to 2015

Drop in Childhood Pneumococcal, Hib Deaths From 2000 to 2015

Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) deaths in children decreased between 2000 and 2015.

Community-Acquired Pneumonia In-Hospital Deaths Are Not Indicative of Lapse in Care

Community-Acquired Pneumonia In-Hospital Deaths Are Not Indicative of Lapse in Care

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Most deaths related to community-acquired pneumonia that occurred at tertiary-case hospitals were not preventable.

CDC: Updated Recommendations for Latent TB Infection Treatment

CDC: Updated Recommendations for Latent TB Infection Treatment

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The CDC has issued updated recommendations regarding the use of 3HP for the treatment of latent tuberculosis.

Respiratory Viruses Linked to Treatment Failure in Asthma Exacerbations

Respiratory Viruses Linked to Treatment Failure in Asthma Exacerbations

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Respiratory pathogens were associated with an increased risk for treatment failure in children with asthma exacerbations.

Priority Review Granted to Novel Oral Influenza Treatment

Priority Review Granted to Novel Oral Influenza Treatment

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Baloxavir marboxil, an investigational, oral treatment for acute uncomplicated influenza in those aged ≥12 years has been granted Priority Review by the FDA.

CDC Surveillance Information for the 2017-2018 Influenza Season in the United States

CDC Surveillance Information for the 2017-2018 Influenza Season in the United States

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The 2017-2018 influenza season in the United States (October 1, 2017-May 19, 2018) was a high-severity season.

Increase in VA Legionnaires' Disease Rates From 2014 to 2016

Increase in VA Legionnaires' Disease Rates From 2014 to 2016

There was an increase in Legionnaires' Disease (LD) from 2014 to 2016.

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