Sexually Transmitted Diseases Latest News Archive

CDC Syphilis Summit: Issues in Diagnosis and Management

CDC Syphilis Summit: Issues in Diagnosis and Management

Despite more than a century of clinical experience diagnosing and managing patients with syphilis, many clinical questions remain unanswered and are explored in a review of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Syphilis Summit.

CDC: Increase in Rate of STDs for Fourth Consecutive Year in the United States

CDC: Increase in Rate of STDs for Fourth Consecutive Year in the United States

Nearly 2.3 million cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis were diagnosed in the United States in 2017.

Oral High-Risk HPV Prevalence Appears to Be Low in England

Oral High-Risk HPV Prevalence Appears to Be Low in England

The prevalence of oral high-risk HPV infection in adult men and women is low in England.

Catch-Up HPV Vaccination Only Effective for Certain Ages

Catch-Up HPV Vaccination Only Effective for Certain Ages

Catch-up quadrivalent HPV vaccination with 3 doses was effective against the risk for CIN2+ and CIN3+ in girls and women age 14-20 at time of first vaccine dose but not for women age 21 and older at first dose.

Adolescent Sexual Behaviors Unaffected by HPV Legislation

Adolescent Sexual Behaviors Unaffected by HPV Legislation

Implementation of state legislation relating to HPV vaccination is not associated with changes in adolescent sexual behaviors.

Sensitivity and Specificity of 7 Treponemal Tests for Syphilis Diagnosis

Sensitivity and Specificity of 7 Treponemal Tests for Syphilis Diagnosis

Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay is a better test to adjudicate syphilis results given its high specificity and superior sensitivity.

Increased Human Herpes Virus Levels Noted in Alzheimer Disease Brains

Increased Human Herpes Virus Levels Noted in Alzheimer Disease Brains

Subjects with Alzheimer's disease have increased levels of two strains of human herpesvirus.

Prevalence of Trichomonas Vaginalis in American Men Age 18 to 59

Prevalence of Trichomonas Vaginalis in American Men Age 18 to 59

The rates of Trichomonas vaginalis in the United States were examined.

Older Adults Increasingly Have HPV+ Oropharyngeal Cancers

Older Adults Increasingly Have HPV+ Oropharyngeal Cancers

Human papillomavirus-positive oropharyngeal cancers are increasing among older adults.

Point-of-Care Molecular Test Effectively Detects Chlamydia, Gonorrhea

Point-of-Care Molecular Test Effectively Detects Chlamydia, Gonorrhea

A new point-of-care molecular test for CT and NG has the same accuracy as conventional nucleic acid amplification tests in certain settings.

Addressing Parents' HPV Vaccine Hesitancy Ups Vaccination Rates

Addressing Parents' HPV Vaccine Hesitancy Ups Vaccination Rates

Providers engaging parents hesitant about human papillomavirus vaccination and addressing their concerns can lead to same-day vaccinations.

Good Evidence That HPV Vaccines Protect Against Cervical Precancer

Good Evidence That HPV Vaccines Protect Against Cervical Precancer

High-certainty evidence that HPV vaccination may provide protection in adolescent girls and young women aged 15 to 26 years.

CDC Report on Recommendation Adherence in Uncomplicated Gonorrhea Treatment

CDC Report on Recommendation Adherence in Uncomplicated Gonorrhea Treatment

Improving provider adherence to treatment recommendations for antibiotic use across the full spectrum of healthcare settings is an integral part of a comprehensive approach to combating the emergence of antimicrobial-resistant gonorrhea.

HSV-1 and HSV-2 Seroprevalence Among Pregnant Women in the United States

HSV-1 and HSV-2 Seroprevalence Among Pregnant Women in the United States

Further investigation into new strategies to prevent herpes simplex virus (HSV) acquisition in pregnant women and to prevent HSV transmission from mother to neonate are warranted.

CDC: Many Adults Not Receiving Sexual Risk Assessments

CDC: Many Adults Not Receiving Sexual Risk Assessments

Less than half of women and a quarter of men with recent sexual activity receive sexual risk assessment.

Doxycycline Post-Exposure Prophylaxis May Prevent STIs in High-Risk MSM

Doxycycline Post-Exposure Prophylaxis May Prevent STIs in High-Risk MSM

In the future, doxycycline post-exposure prophylaxis might become an effective addition to a combined intervention approach to reduce the high rate of STIs in PrEP users.

HPV Vaccination: Should Adolescents Be Allowed to Give Consent?

HPV Vaccination: Should Adolescents Be Allowed to Give Consent?

Adolescent consent may help minimize delays in vaccination and reduce the overall incidence of cervical, oropharyngeal, and anal cancers.

Trichomonas vaginalis Infection Rates Disproportionately High in African Americans

Trichomonas vaginalis Infection Rates Disproportionately High in African Americans

There were positive associations for TV infection prevalence with female sex, black race, older age, being below the poverty level, and having 2 or more sexual partners.

Improving HPV Vaccination Rates via Bundled Intervention

Improving HPV Vaccination Rates via Bundled Intervention

A bundled intervention including communication skills training and performance feedback may improve human papillomavirus vaccination.

HPV Vaccine Completion Rates in Adolescents Improve With Physician Communication

HPV Vaccine Completion Rates in Adolescents Improve With Physician Communication

For adolescents, a health care professional HPV vaccine communication intervention is associated with improved HPV vaccine series initiation and completion.

Marijuana, Alcohol Intervention May Help to Reduce STIs Among Adolescents

Marijuana, Alcohol Intervention May Help to Reduce STIs Among Adolescents

Behavioral interventions that include sexual risk reduction combined with alcohol- and cannabis-focused elements are effective in reducing STI incidence among adolescents.

Pristinamycin Effective, Well-Tolerated Treatment for Mycoplasma genitalium

Pristinamycin Effective, Well-Tolerated Treatment for Mycoplasma genitalium

The increasing prevalence of macrolide resistance underscores the need for research focused on identifying a safe and effective treatment for Mycoplasma genitalium.

CDC Reports on Latest Estimates of HSV-1, HSV-2 Prevalence in the United States

CDC Reports on Latest Estimates of HSV-1, HSV-2 Prevalence in the United States

CDC publishes the latest estimates of HSV-1, HSV-2 prevalence in the United States.

More Trials Need to Assess Effect of M genitalium on Female Reproductive Health Outcomes

More Trials Need to Assess Effect of M genitalium on Female Reproductive Health Outcomes

Young, asymptomatic, high-risk women in the United States have high rates of prevalent, incident, and persistent M genitalium infections, supporting the need for clinical trials to assess the effect of M genitalium screening programs on female reproductive health outcomes.

Chlamydia Infection Not Associated With Adverse Birth Outcomes

Chlamydia Infection Not Associated With Adverse Birth Outcomes

A chlamydia infection that has been identified during pregnancy and treated does not appear to result in a substantial increase in the risk of preterm birth compared with the risk in women tested and shown to not have a chlamydia infection.

USPSTF Recommends Screening for Syphilis in Pregnancy

USPSTF Recommends Screening for Syphilis in Pregnancy

The USPSTF says there is considerable net benefit to screening for syphilis infection in pregnant women.

High Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis in Pre-, Perimenopausal Women

High Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis in Pre-, Perimenopausal Women

Study provides the first report of the detection rate for a T vaginalis nucleotide polymorphism associated with metronidazole resistance

Limitations With Herd Immunity From Vaccine-Type Human Papillomavirus

Limitations With Herd Immunity From Vaccine-Type Human Papillomavirus

The limitations of herd protection for vaccine-type HPV was examined in a recent study.

HPV-Linked Cancer Survival Rates Differ Based on Social Disparities

HPV-Linked Cancer Survival Rates Differ Based on Social Disparities

For patients with HPV-associated cancers, there are large disparities in survival based on sex, race, and age.

HPV and Cytology Co-Testing Lowers Risk of Cervical Cancer

HPV and Cytology Co-Testing Lowers Risk of Cervical Cancer

Successive negative HPV and cytology co-testing is linked decrease risks of cervical cancer.

Efficacy of 9-Valent HPV Vaccine in Young Women

Efficacy of 9-Valent HPV Vaccine in Young Women

Findings inform further refinement of cervical cancer screening algorithms for vaccinated populations.

HPV Vaccine Linked to Lower Respiratory Papillomatosis Rates

HPV Vaccine Linked to Lower Respiratory Papillomatosis Rates

Incidence of juvenile-onset respiratory papillomatosis declined with the introduction of a HPV vaccination program.

Oral HPV Prevalence Higher in Men With Concurrent Genital HPV

Oral HPV Prevalence Higher in Men With Concurrent Genital HPV

The incidence of HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma has increased in men dramatically and that increase is projected to continue until 2060.

Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Effect on Condom Use, STI Acquisition

Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Effect on Condom Use, STI Acquisition

Varying risk perception, partner discordance in condom preference, and intermittent or partner-specific condom use make accurate assessment of condom use difficult.

Breadth of Viruses Detectable in Semen Examined

Breadth of Viruses Detectable in Semen Examined

A new research letter claims that 27 viruses can be found in human semen.

CDC Reports Condom Use Up in US Single Men

CDC Reports Condom Use Up in US Single Men

About 6 in 10 sexually active single men in the United States are taking responsibility for birth control.

CDC: Cases of Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis Exceed 2 Million

CDC: Cases of Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis Exceed 2 Million

The number of cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis reported in the United States exceeded 2 million in 2016.

New Single-Assay Test for Vaginitis Accurate as Traditional Tests

New Single-Assay Test for Vaginitis Accurate as Traditional Tests

Vulvovaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginitis, and trichomoniasis are causes of vaginitis and cause significant amount of discomfort for women.

Vaccine-Type HPV Rates Low in Unvaccinated Women

Vaccine-Type HPV Rates Low in Unvaccinated Women

From 2009-2010 to 2013-2014, there was a decrease in the prevalence of vaccine-type human papillomavirus among unvaccinated young women, which suggests they are beginning to benefit from herd immunity.

CDC: HPV Vaccination Rate Improves in Teens

CDC: HPV Vaccination Rate Improves in Teens

About 60% of teens in the US received 1 or more HPV vaccines in 2016, but did not complete the series.

Closthioamide Inhibits Growth of Multidrug-Resistant Gonorrhea

Closthioamide Inhibits Growth of Multidrug-Resistant Gonorrhea

A promising new treatment has been identified in the fight against multidrug-resistant gonorrhea.

Surgery Improves HPV Related Oropharyngeal SCC Survival Rate

Surgery Improves HPV Related Oropharyngeal SCC Survival Rate

Patients with HPV-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma have higher 5-year overall survival rates after surgery.

Meningococcal B Vaccine Protective Against Gonorrhea

Meningococcal B Vaccine Protective Against Gonorrhea

People who had been vaccinated with the MeNZB vaccine were less likely to have gonorrhea than people who weren't vaccinated.

Survivors of Anal Cancer Have Higher Risk of HPV-Related Second Cancers

Survivors of Anal Cancer Have Higher Risk of HPV-Related Second Cancers

Survivors of anal cancer have an elevated risk of HPV-related second primary malignancies.

Lack of Expedited Partner Therapy Associated With Increase STI Rates

Lack of Expedited Partner Therapy Associated With Increase STI Rates

Expedited partner therapy associated with lower rates of sexually transmitted infections.

Syphilis Rates Disproportionately High Among MSM in US

Syphilis Rates Disproportionately High Among MSM in US

Because MSM represent the majority of all primary and secondary syphilis cases, addressing the high rates of syphilis among MSM is essential to the success of syphilis prevention programs.

Adolescent HPV Vaccination Rates Improve With Parental Self-Persuasion

Adolescent HPV Vaccination Rates Improve With Parental Self-Persuasion

Self-persuasion method facilitates HPV vaccination better than external persuasion in low literacy, safety-net settings.

CDC: Nearly Half of US Adults Infected With HPV

CDC: Nearly Half of US Adults Infected With HPV

HPV vaccine has the potential to reverse the epidemic and prevent thousands of cancers in the United States each year.

New Guideline on HPV Vaccine for Cervical Cancer Prevention

New Guideline on HPV Vaccine for Cervical Cancer Prevention

The American Society of Clinical Oncology issued new recommendations based on 4 levels of resource settings on human papillomavirus vaccination for cervical cancer prevention.

Novel Vaccine Improves Shedding and Lesion Rates in HSV-2

Novel Vaccine Improves Shedding and Lesion Rates in HSV-2

A randomized trial shows that a candidate HSV-2 vaccine had a favorable safety profile and led to reduced shedding and lesion rates in human participants.

Educating High School Students Increases HPV Vaccination Rates

Educating High School Students Increases HPV Vaccination Rates

After a 30-minute educational session with high school seniors, basic knowledge of human papillomavirus and the benefits of HPV vaccination significantly increased.

Lower Use of STD Services in Young Adults Due to Confidentiality Issues

Lower Use of STD Services in Young Adults Due to Confidentiality Issues

Sexually active teens reported to not to seek out STD services due to confidentiality issues.

Predictors of Distant Metastases in HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

Predictors of Distant Metastases in HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

Distant metastases rates are up in patients with HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer, who actively smoke or have T4 tumors.

Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Not Linked to Autoimmune Disease

Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Not Linked to Autoimmune Disease

HPV vaccines do not increase the risk for autoimmune diseases and may have a protective effect against central demyelination, multiple sclerosis, and autoimmune thyroiditis.

Early Study Shows Great Potential for Genital Herpes Vaccine

Early Study Shows Great Potential for Genital Herpes Vaccine

The new trivalent vaccine targets 3 different parts of the virus, shutting down its ability to enter cells and to evade detection by the immune system.

Elevated Risk of HPV Infection in Women With SLE

Elevated Risk of HPV Infection in Women With SLE

Prevalence of HPV infection increases in women with systemic lupus erythematosus, according to a 3-year follow-up study.

Screening for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Key to Decreasing PID in Women

Screening for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Key to Decreasing PID in Women

Given the potential of asymptomatic infection to lead to PID, clinicians should follow chlamydia/gonorrhea screening recommendations to decrease the incidence of PID.

Prevalence of Genital HPV in US High Among Men

Prevalence of Genital HPV in US High Among Men

Overall genital HPV infection prevalence widespread among all age groups of men, and the HPV vaccination coverage is low.

Pharmacy-Based Testing for Chlamydia Effective

Pharmacy-Based Testing for Chlamydia Effective

Selling chlamydia test kits at pharmacies and mailing specimens for processing is feasible.

Positive Messages Prevail on Twitter About HPV Vaccine

Positive Messages Prevail on Twitter About HPV Vaccine

Conversations about HPV vaccination on social media can aid health organizations in having a significant impact on vaccine uptake.

HPV16 DNA Reliable in Diagnosing HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

HPV16 DNA Reliable in Diagnosing HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

HPV16 DNA detected in fine-needle aspirations from neck masses is a reliable indicator for diagnosis of an HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer.

Mouthwash May Help to Control Pharyngeal Gonorrhea

Mouthwash May Help to Control Pharyngeal Gonorrhea

In a recent study, Listerine mouthwash significantly reduced the amount of pharyngeal gonorrhea.

Pubic Hair Grooming Increases Risk of Contracting STIs

Pubic Hair Grooming Increases Risk of Contracting STIs

Frequent groomers of pubic hair are 3 to 4 times more likely to contract a STIs.

Poor Sensitivity of HPV Type 16/18 in Abnormal Cytology

Poor Sensitivity of HPV Type 16/18 in Abnormal Cytology

HPV 16/18 testing to triage women is poorly sensitive in minor abnormal cytology.

Less Frequent Cervical Cancer Screening May Be Okay After HPV Vaccine

Less Frequent Cervical Cancer Screening May Be Okay After HPV Vaccine

Reduced testing could also reduce the number of false positives that women receive.

Cervical Cancer, CIN3+ Screening After 5 Years in HPV-Negative Women

Cervical Cancer, CIN3+ Screening After 5 Years in HPV-Negative Women

Cumulative incidence of cervical cancer and CIN3+ were low in both intervention and control groups.

Rapid Diagnostic Tests For Syphilis, Yaws, Less Sensitive With Lower Antibody Titers

Rapid Diagnostic Tests For Syphilis, Yaws, Less Sensitive With Lower Antibody Titers

They noted that in both components, those patients with higher titer rapid plasma reagins had better sensitivities compared with those with lower-titer group.

USPSTF Recommends Against Routine Screening for Genital Herpes

USPSTF Recommends Against Routine Screening for Genital Herpes

Grade D recommendation against routine screening for asymptomatic adolescents and adults.

American Cancer Society Endorses CDC's HPV Vaccine Guidelines

American Cancer Society Endorses CDC's HPV Vaccine Guidelines

Boys and girls should start series at age 11 or 12 to protect against human papillomavirus.

Approval of First HPV Diagnostic Test for Use With SurePath Preservative Fluid

Approval of First HPV Diagnostic Test for Use With SurePath Preservative Fluid

For cervical cells obtained for Pap test, collected in SurePath Preservative Fluid.

CDC Finds Most HPV-Related Cancers Are Preventable

CDC Finds Most HPV-Related Cancers Are Preventable

Researchers found that cervical cancer account for most HPV-associated cancers.

Increased Prevalence of HPV Noted in Men With Phimosis

Increased Prevalence of HPV Noted in Men With Phimosis

Increased prevalence of HPV and high-risk HPV types compared with asymptomatic men.

Increase in Neisseria meningitidis in Ohio, Michigan Highlights Need for Awareness

Increase in Neisseria meningitidis in Ohio, Michigan Highlights Need for Awareness

The two clinics are part of the CDC's Gonococcal Isolate Surveillance Project, where urethral isolates from the first 25 men diagnosed with Ng are checked for antibiotic resistance.

Zinc-Oxide Nanoparticles Show Promise Against Herpes Simplex Virus

Zinc-Oxide Nanoparticles Show Promise Against Herpes Simplex Virus

Recent data suggest that ZOTEN nanoparticles could help prevent herpes simplex virus.

ASCO Presents Guidelines for Boosting HPV Vaccine Uptake

ASCO Presents Guidelines for Boosting HPV Vaccine Uptake

Oncologists should raise awareness of HPV-related cancers and role of vaccinations.

Case of Acquired Syphilis Leads to Bone Marrow and Liver Involvement

Case of Acquired Syphilis Leads to Bone Marrow and Liver Involvement

Researchers describe a case study of a 65-year-old patient with late-latent syphilis with normocytic anemia.

ACIP Evaluates 2-Dose Bivalent, Quadrivalent, and 9-Valent HPV Vaccines

ACIP Evaluates 2-Dose Bivalent, Quadrivalent, and 9-Valent HPV Vaccines

The ACIP discussed latest data from bivalent, quadrivalent, and 9-valent HPV vaccine trials.

Planned Parenthood Exclusion Reduced Contraceptive Provision

Planned Parenthood Exclusion Reduced Contraceptive Provision

Exclusion in Texas linked to reduction in long-acting reversible, injectable contraceptives.

CDC Issues New Zika Warning for Pregnant Women, Sex Partners

CDC Issues New Zika Warning for Pregnant Women, Sex Partners

Women should not have sex while pregnant if male partners have visited or live in Zika-affected areas.

Geographic Factors May Influence HPV Vaccine Initiation in Teen Girls

Geographic Factors May Influence HPV Vaccine Initiation in Teen Girls

Higher initiation among girls in high- vs. low-poverty areas, communities with mainly Hispanic, mixed race.

Not All Primary Care Physicians Strongly Recommend HPV Vaccine

Not All Primary Care Physicians Strongly Recommend HPV Vaccine

About 60 percent of pediatricians, family doctors recommend vaccine for 11- to 12-year-old girls.

Increase in Tax for Alcohol Linked to Reduction in Gonorrhea Rates

Increase in Tax for Alcohol Linked to Reduction in Gonorrhea Rates

In Maryland, 24% reduction in gonorrhea rates after alcohol-specific sales tax increase.

FDA Officials Expand Gardasil 9 HPV Vaccine Approval

FDA Officials Expand Gardasil 9 HPV Vaccine Approval

Age indication is now young men aged 16-26 in addition to previously approved 9-15 year olds.

Prescription Drug Abuse Linked With Risky Sexual Behaviors

Prescription Drug Abuse Linked With Risky Sexual Behaviors

Those taking these drugs with no prescription more likely to have multiple partners, forgo condom use.

What is the Role of Stress in Reactivating HSV?

What is the Role of Stress in Reactivating HSV?

If the JNK pathway is crucial for viral reactivation in humans, then it could be possible to develop treatments for the diseases that are linked to HSV, as well as its closely-related viruses.

CDC: Rates of Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis Up Over Previous Year

CDC: Rates of Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis Up Over Previous Year

Increases are largely driven by STD epidemic among men, U.S. researchers say.

CDC: Gonorrhea Resistance to Cefixime Increases in 2014

CDC: Gonorrhea Resistance to Cefixime Increases in 2014

While other effective treatments remain available, the resistance is a concern.

CDC: Many Young Girls Not Getting HPV Vaccination

CDC: Many Young Girls Not Getting HPV Vaccination

Need to increase delivery of the vaccine at the recommended ages of 11 or 12 years.

Study: HPV Vaccination Rate Among Boys Remains Low

Study: HPV Vaccination Rate Among Boys Remains Low

In 2013, HPV vaccination coverage with one or more doses was 34.6%, while series completion (3 doses) was 13.9%.

Cervarix Vaccine May Prevent HPV in One Dose

Cervarix Vaccine May Prevent HPV in One Dose

Two studies have found that a single-dose vaccine for HPV may be just as effective as two- or three-dose counterparts.

Updated Treatment, Management Guidelines for STDs Issued

Updated Treatment, Management Guidelines for STDs Issued

New guidelines address issues that were not discussed in 2010 guidelines.

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