Sexually Transmitted Diseases Latest News Archive
Despite more than a century of clinical experience diagnosing and managing patients with syphilis, many clinical questions remain unanswered and are explored in a review of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Syphilis Summit.
Nearly 2.3 million cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis were diagnosed in the United States in 2017.
The prevalence of oral high-risk HPV infection in adult men and women is low in England.
Catch-up quadrivalent HPV vaccination with 3 doses was effective against the risk for CIN2+ and CIN3+ in girls and women age 14-20 at time of first vaccine dose but not for women age 21 and older at first dose.
Implementation of state legislation relating to HPV vaccination is not associated with changes in adolescent sexual behaviors.
Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay is a better test to adjudicate syphilis results given its high specificity and superior sensitivity.
Subjects with Alzheimer's disease have increased levels of two strains of human herpesvirus.
The rates of Trichomonas vaginalis in the United States were examined.
Human papillomavirus-positive oropharyngeal cancers are increasing among older adults.
A new point-of-care molecular test for CT and NG has the same accuracy as conventional nucleic acid amplification tests in certain settings.
Providers engaging parents hesitant about human papillomavirus vaccination and addressing their concerns can lead to same-day vaccinations.
High-certainty evidence that HPV vaccination may provide protection in adolescent girls and young women aged 15 to 26 years.
Improving provider adherence to treatment recommendations for antibiotic use across the full spectrum of healthcare settings is an integral part of a comprehensive approach to combating the emergence of antimicrobial-resistant gonorrhea.
Further investigation into new strategies to prevent herpes simplex virus (HSV) acquisition in pregnant women and to prevent HSV transmission from mother to neonate are warranted.
Less than half of women and a quarter of men with recent sexual activity receive sexual risk assessment.
In the future, doxycycline post-exposure prophylaxis might become an effective addition to a combined intervention approach to reduce the high rate of STIs in PrEP users.
Adolescent consent may help minimize delays in vaccination and reduce the overall incidence of cervical, oropharyngeal, and anal cancers.
There were positive associations for TV infection prevalence with female sex, black race, older age, being below the poverty level, and having 2 or more sexual partners.
A bundled intervention including communication skills training and performance feedback may improve human papillomavirus vaccination.
For adolescents, a health care professional HPV vaccine communication intervention is associated with improved HPV vaccine series initiation and completion.
Behavioral interventions that include sexual risk reduction combined with alcohol- and cannabis-focused elements are effective in reducing STI incidence among adolescents.
The increasing prevalence of macrolide resistance underscores the need for research focused on identifying a safe and effective treatment for Mycoplasma genitalium.
CDC publishes the latest estimates of HSV-1, HSV-2 prevalence in the United States.
Young, asymptomatic, high-risk women in the United States have high rates of prevalent, incident, and persistent M genitalium infections, supporting the need for clinical trials to assess the effect of M genitalium screening programs on female reproductive health outcomes.
A chlamydia infection that has been identified during pregnancy and treated does not appear to result in a substantial increase in the risk of preterm birth compared with the risk in women tested and shown to not have a chlamydia infection.
The USPSTF says there is considerable net benefit to screening for syphilis infection in pregnant women.
Study provides the first report of the detection rate for a T vaginalis nucleotide polymorphism associated with metronidazole resistance
The limitations of herd protection for vaccine-type HPV was examined in a recent study.
For patients with HPV-associated cancers, there are large disparities in survival based on sex, race, and age.
Successive negative HPV and cytology co-testing is linked decrease risks of cervical cancer.
Findings inform further refinement of cervical cancer screening algorithms for vaccinated populations.
Incidence of juvenile-onset respiratory papillomatosis declined with the introduction of a HPV vaccination program.
The incidence of HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma has increased in men dramatically and that increase is projected to continue until 2060.
Varying risk perception, partner discordance in condom preference, and intermittent or partner-specific condom use make accurate assessment of condom use difficult.
A new research letter claims that 27 viruses can be found in human semen.
About 6 in 10 sexually active single men in the United States are taking responsibility for birth control.
The number of cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis reported in the United States exceeded 2 million in 2016.
Vulvovaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginitis, and trichomoniasis are causes of vaginitis and cause significant amount of discomfort for women.
From 2009-2010 to 2013-2014, there was a decrease in the prevalence of vaccine-type human papillomavirus among unvaccinated young women, which suggests they are beginning to benefit from herd immunity.
About 60% of teens in the US received 1 or more HPV vaccines in 2016, but did not complete the series.
A promising new treatment has been identified in the fight against multidrug-resistant gonorrhea.
Patients with HPV-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma have higher 5-year overall survival rates after surgery.
People who had been vaccinated with the MeNZB vaccine were less likely to have gonorrhea than people who weren't vaccinated.
Survivors of anal cancer have an elevated risk of HPV-related second primary malignancies.
Expedited partner therapy associated with lower rates of sexually transmitted infections.
Because MSM represent the majority of all primary and secondary syphilis cases, addressing the high rates of syphilis among MSM is essential to the success of syphilis prevention programs.
Self-persuasion method facilitates HPV vaccination better than external persuasion in low literacy, safety-net settings.
HPV vaccine has the potential to reverse the epidemic and prevent thousands of cancers in the United States each year.
The American Society of Clinical Oncology issued new recommendations based on 4 levels of resource settings on human papillomavirus vaccination for cervical cancer prevention.
A randomized trial shows that a candidate HSV-2 vaccine had a favorable safety profile and led to reduced shedding and lesion rates in human participants.
After a 30-minute educational session with high school seniors, basic knowledge of human papillomavirus and the benefits of HPV vaccination significantly increased.
Sexually active teens reported to not to seek out STD services due to confidentiality issues.
Distant metastases rates are up in patients with HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer, who actively smoke or have T4 tumors.
HPV vaccines do not increase the risk for autoimmune diseases and may have a protective effect against central demyelination, multiple sclerosis, and autoimmune thyroiditis.
The new trivalent vaccine targets 3 different parts of the virus, shutting down its ability to enter cells and to evade detection by the immune system.
Prevalence of HPV infection increases in women with systemic lupus erythematosus, according to a 3-year follow-up study.
Given the potential of asymptomatic infection to lead to PID, clinicians should follow chlamydia/gonorrhea screening recommendations to decrease the incidence of PID.
Overall genital HPV infection prevalence widespread among all age groups of men, and the HPV vaccination coverage is low.
Selling chlamydia test kits at pharmacies and mailing specimens for processing is feasible.
Conversations about HPV vaccination on social media can aid health organizations in having a significant impact on vaccine uptake.
HPV16 DNA detected in fine-needle aspirations from neck masses is a reliable indicator for diagnosis of an HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer.
In a recent study, Listerine mouthwash significantly reduced the amount of pharyngeal gonorrhea.
Frequent groomers of pubic hair are 3 to 4 times more likely to contract a STIs.
HPV 16/18 testing to triage women is poorly sensitive in minor abnormal cytology.
Reduced testing could also reduce the number of false positives that women receive.
Cumulative incidence of cervical cancer and CIN3+ were low in both intervention and control groups.
They noted that in both components, those patients with higher titer rapid plasma reagins had better sensitivities compared with those with lower-titer group.
Grade D recommendation against routine screening for asymptomatic adolescents and adults.
Boys and girls should start series at age 11 or 12 to protect against human papillomavirus.
For cervical cells obtained for Pap test, collected in SurePath Preservative Fluid.
Researchers found that cervical cancer account for most HPV-associated cancers.
Increased prevalence of HPV and high-risk HPV types compared with asymptomatic men.
The two clinics are part of the CDC's Gonococcal Isolate Surveillance Project, where urethral isolates from the first 25 men diagnosed with Ng are checked for antibiotic resistance.
Recent data suggest that ZOTEN nanoparticles could help prevent herpes simplex virus.
Oncologists should raise awareness of HPV-related cancers and role of vaccinations.
Researchers describe a case study of a 65-year-old patient with late-latent syphilis with normocytic anemia.
The ACIP discussed latest data from bivalent, quadrivalent, and 9-valent HPV vaccine trials.
Exclusion in Texas linked to reduction in long-acting reversible, injectable contraceptives.
Women should not have sex while pregnant if male partners have visited or live in Zika-affected areas.
Several HPV types were all implicated.
Higher initiation among girls in high- vs. low-poverty areas, communities with mainly Hispanic, mixed race.
About 60 percent of pediatricians, family doctors recommend vaccine for 11- to 12-year-old girls.
In Maryland, 24% reduction in gonorrhea rates after alcohol-specific sales tax increase.
Age indication is now young men aged 16-26 in addition to previously approved 9-15 year olds.
Those taking these drugs with no prescription more likely to have multiple partners, forgo condom use.
If the JNK pathway is crucial for viral reactivation in humans, then it could be possible to develop treatments for the diseases that are linked to HSV, as well as its closely-related viruses.
Increases are largely driven by STD epidemic among men, U.S. researchers say.
While other effective treatments remain available, the resistance is a concern.
Need to increase delivery of the vaccine at the recommended ages of 11 or 12 years.
In 2013, HPV vaccination coverage with one or more doses was 34.6%, while series completion (3 doses) was 13.9%.
Two studies have found that a single-dose vaccine for HPV may be just as effective as two- or three-dose counterparts.
New guidelines address issues that were not discussed in 2010 guidelines.
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