Sexually Transmitted Infection

HIV/STI Counseling and Testing for Patients on PrEP

HIV/STI Counseling and Testing for Patients on PrEP

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Further efforts are needed to educate and prepare healthcare providers to prescribe PrEP and manage patients on PrEP to reduce the risk for acquiring HIV.

Valacyclovir Fails to Treat Herpes Simplex Virus-Type 1 in Schizophrenia

Valacyclovir Fails to Treat Herpes Simplex Virus-Type 1 in Schizophrenia

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Valacyclovir was not efficacious in the study, perhaps because HSV-1 was in the dormant, nonactivated state and therefore non-responsive to valacyclovir effects.

Time Between Sexual Partnerships Associated With STI Risk

Time Between Sexual Partnerships Associated With STI Risk

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The likelihood of a STI decreases for serially monogamous individuals when the time between partners is >4 months for women and >6 months for men.

Rapid Diagnostic Improves STI Clinical Management in Emergency Department

Rapid Diagnostic Improves STI Clinical Management in Emergency Department

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Rapid testing for C trachomatis and N gonorrhoeae in the ED may lead to a significant reduction in overtreatment for women without infections.

Syphilis Rates Increasing in Peripartum Women in the United States

Syphilis Rates Increasing in Peripartum Women in the United States

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The rate of syphilis has been increasing in peripartum women in the United States.

Population Based Screening Crucial for Early Diagnosis/Treatment of STIs

Population Based Screening Crucial for Early Diagnosis/Treatment of STIs

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Adopting suitable protocols for the early diagnosis of STIs is necessary to allow implementation of prevention measures that will safeguard public health.

CDC: Congenital Syphilis More Than Doubled Since 2013

CDC: Congenital Syphilis More Than Doubled Since 2013

Congenital syphilis up from 362 cases in 2013 to 918 in 2017, with 46.17 percent increase since 2016.

Cobas Diagnostic Assay Shows High Accuracy for Chlamydia, Gonorrhea

Cobas Diagnostic Assay Shows High Accuracy for Chlamydia, Gonorrhea

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The cobas CT/NG v2.0 test for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae performed well when tested for sensitivity and specificity.

Incidence of 43,371 Cases of HPV-Associated Cancers in 2015

Incidence of 43,371 Cases of HPV-Associated Cancers in 2015

Decreases in cervical cancer, vaginal SCC from 1999 to 2015; increases in oropharyngeal, anal, vulvar SCC.

Last-Resort Gonorrhea Treatment Sees Resistance in 66% of Countries

Last-Resort Gonorrhea Treatment Sees Resistance in 66% of Countries

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World Health Organization (WHO) reports treating gonorrhea is "much harder, and sometimes impossible, to treat" due to antibiotic resistance.

Quadrivalent HPV Vaccine Safe During Pregnancy

Quadrivalent HPV Vaccine Safe During Pregnancy

Exposure to the quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine during pregnancy shows no increased risk of major adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Educating High School Students Increases HPV Vaccination Rates

Educating High School Students Increases HPV Vaccination Rates

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After a 30-minute educational session with high school seniors, basic knowledge of human papillomavirus and the benefits of HPV vaccination significantly increased.

Increasing Risk of HIV Among Men Who Have Sex With Men

Increasing Risk of HIV Among Men Who Have Sex With Men

Belief that treatments prevent HIV has increased condomless anal sex in both HIV positive men and men who had not tested HIV positive.

USPSTF Recommends Against Routine Serologic Screening for HSV

USPSTF Recommends Against Routine Serologic Screening for HSV

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USPSTF recommends against routine serologic screening for genital herpes simplex virus infection in asymptomatic adolescents and adults.

Therapeutic Vaccine Limits Herpes Simplex Virus 2 Transmission

Therapeutic Vaccine Limits Herpes Simplex Virus 2 Transmission

Researchers found that the 3-dose regimen was as effective as treatment with daily pills.

Male Contraceptive Effective, But Adverse Events Problematic, Led to Early Study End

Male Contraceptive Effective, But Adverse Events Problematic, Led to Early Study End

Injections as effective as other contraceptives, but side effects prompted early halt of trial.

CDC: Children 14 and Younger Only Need Two Doses of HPV Vaccine

CDC: Children 14 and Younger Only Need Two Doses of HPV Vaccine

CDC recommends that only two does of HPV vaccine is needed for children 14 and younger, however, still recommend three doses for 15- to 26-year-olds.

STD Rates Hit Unprecedented High in US

STD Rates Hit Unprecedented High in US

Primary and secondary syphilis cases had the largest increase between 2014 and 2015.

Evidence Supports Adequate Herd Protection With Vaccine-Type HPV

Evidence Supports Adequate Herd Protection With Vaccine-Type HPV

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Vaccine-type HPV decreased >90% in vaccinated women and >30% in unvaccinated women, indicating herd protection.

Improvements in Sexual Health Linked to Social Media Intervention

Improvements in Sexual Health Linked to Social Media Intervention

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Social media helps in the promotion of sexual health.

WHO Officials Recommend Benzathine Penicillin For Syphilis Treatment Despite Drug Shortage

WHO Officials Recommend Benzathine Penicillin For Syphilis Treatment Despite Drug Shortage

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New guidelines call for doxycycline, ceftriaxone, or azithromycin when benzathine or procaine penicillin aren't available.

Antiretroviral Therapy Effective for Treatment of HIV-Related Motor Neuron Disease

Antiretroviral Therapy Effective for Treatment of HIV-Related Motor Neuron Disease

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ART effective in resolving amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-type symptoms in patient with HIV.

Unmet Ancillary Health Care Needs in Young Black and Latino Men Living With HIV

Unmet Ancillary Health Care Needs in Young Black and Latino Men Living With HIV

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Health care workers need to implement strategies to reduce unmet ancillary healthcare needs in MSM living with HIV.

Last Effective Treatment Option for Gonorrhea at Risk of Failing

Last Effective Treatment Option for Gonorrhea at Risk of Failing

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CDC's recommended dual therapy of ceftriaxone and azithromycin for gonorrhea treatment at risk of failing.

Pain and Itch Highly Prevalent in Patients With HZ

Pain and Itch Highly Prevalent in Patients With HZ

Pain caused by HZ has a large impact on quality of life.

Douching Linked With Increased HPV Risk

Douching Linked With Increased HPV Risk

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The association appeared to be independent from other risk factors for HPV infection, and researchers did not note any association between HPV prevalence and any other feminine hygiene product.

Opt-Out Provisions Increase Parent Support for HPV Requirement

Opt-Out Provisions Increase Parent Support for HPV Requirement

Race/ethnicity, attitudes about HPV vaccine linked to odds of agreeing with school-entry HPV requirements.

Age Likely a Factor in Pelvic Inflammatory Cases Caused by Chlamydia

Age Likely a Factor in Pelvic Inflammatory Cases Caused by Chlamydia

The researchers focused on cases that occurred before the 2003 implementation of the National Chlamydia Screening Program.

CDC Warns About Avoiding Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus

CDC Warns About Avoiding Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus

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Sexual transmission is an important route of transmission, health officials said, noting that in New York City a report of female-to-male sexual transmission of Zika virus infection is the first documented case of sexual transmission of Zika from a woman to her sex partner.

Gonorrhea Treatment Options Threatened as Resistance Emerges

Gonorrhea Treatment Options Threatened as Resistance Emerges

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Signs of emerging resistance to azithromycin suggests that this drug will be next in the long line of antibiotics to which gonorrhea bacteria have become resistant - a list that includes penicillin, tetracycline, and fluoroquinolones.

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